Geranium pratense L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Meadow crane’s-bill

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Geranium pratense L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 18 Jun 2021'

General Information

Perennials. Rootstock ± horizontal, 0.7-2 cm in diam., not tuberculate, with thickened roots along rootstock. Stem 23-100(-150) cm tall, erect, not rooting at nodes, with 0.1-1.7 mm retrorse to patent nonglandular trichomes and sometimes 0.2-1.2 mm patent glandular trichomes. Stipules lanceolate, distinct. Leaves opposite; petiole with 0.3-0.9 mm retrorse to patent nonglandular trichomes and sometimes 0.5-1.1 mm patent glandular trichomes; leaf blade (4.2-)6.2-11.5 cm, palmately cleft, ratio of main sinus/middle segment length = (0.81-)0.86-0.94, pilose with appressed nonglandular trichomes; segments (5 or)7(or 9), rhombic, 2.2-7.5 mm wide at base, 10-30-lobed in distal half, ratio of second sinus/middle segment length = 0.15-0.48. Cymules solitary, 2-flowered; peduncle 1.3-12 cm. Pedicel 0.3-2.5 cm, with 0.2-0.4 mm patent to retrorse nonglandular trichomes and 0.4-1.2 mm patent glandular trichomes; bracteoles lanceolate. Sepals (0.7-)1-1.2 cm, mucro (1.7-)2.2-3.9 mm, ratio of mucro/sepal length = 0.16-0.39, outside with 0.2-0.9 mm patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.3-1 mm patent glandular trichomes, inside glabrous. Petals bluish or sometimes purplish or white, (1.3-)1.5-1.9(-2.4) cm, erect to patent, both surfaces glabrous, margin basally ciliate, apex rounded. Staminal filaments pinkish, lanceolate with a broadly triangular base and an abruptly narrowed apex, both sides glabrous but proximal third with 0.2-0.6 mm cilia; anthers dark violet to bluish black, 1.8-3.1 mm. Nectaries 5, hemispheric, abaxially glabrous, apex with a tuft of trichomes. Stigma green to pinkish. Fruit 3-3.7 cm, reflexed when immature; mericarps smooth but usually with 1 or 2 transversal veins at apex, with a basal callus, with 0.3-0.7 mm ± appressed nonglandular trichomes and usually only apically with 0.2-0.9 mm patent glandular trichomes; rostrum 2.1-2.9 cm, with a 7-9 mm narrowed apex; stigmatic remains 2-3 mm. Seeds 3-3.6 mm. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Aug. 2n = 28.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Much like no. 1 [Geranium maculatum L.], the lvs generally more deeply cleft, with narrower and more sharply laciniate segments; pedicels, cal, and beak of the fr densely glandular- tomentose; peduncles usually 1-fld; pedicels deflexed after anthesis, becoming erect again at maturity; pet 15–20 mm, bright blue-violet, entire or slightly retuse; 2n=28. Native of Eurasia, occasionally escaped or adventive with us, especially northeastward. June, July."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Ähnlich wie G. sylvaticum, aber Blätter tiefer geteilt (bis wenigstens 5/6) und mit längeren Endzipfeln (diese 2–3mal so lang wie breit, bei G. sylvaticum nur 1–2mal), Kronblätter blauviolett, Blütenstiele nach dem Blühen abwärts gerichte

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    6–7. Fettwiesen, oft kultiviert und verwildert, kollin(-montan). J, M, vereinzelt AN, GR und VS.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Meadow crane’s-billEnglishIE
    Crobh gormIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Geranio dei pratiItalianCH
    Gerani da pràRaeto-RomanceCH
    Géranium des présFrenchCH


     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • E All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).