Geranium purpureum Vill.
  • Syst. Pl. Eur.

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Geranium purpureum Vill. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 08 Jul 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Easily recognized by its deeply dissected leaves and transversely ridged, glabrous carpels.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    Annual herb, stems up to 60cm long, erect or ascending, pilose with spreading gland-tipped hairs. Stipules ovate, acute. Radical leaves several, petioles up to ±100 mm long, hairy as the stems; blade up to 80 mm in diam., divided to the base into 3-5 lobes, each lobe ovate in outline, base cuneate tapering to a petiole-like part (the leaf looks compound), bipinnatisect, with a few long coarse hairs above and below, or almost glabrous; cauline leaves similar but petioles rapidly shorter. Peduncles opposite the leaves and terminal, forming compound cymes, mostly 2-flowered, pilose with spreading glandular hairs and shorter, curled eglandular ones. Pedicels similar to peduncles. Sepals ±5-6 x 2.5 mm, ovate, glandular-pilose. Petals ±9 x 2.5 mm, elliptic-oblong, entire, narrowed to a claw, purplish-pink. Rostrum glabrous. Carpels transversely ridged, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    A native of Europe, naturalized in the SW Cape on the sandy flats between Blaauwberg, Tygerberg and Wynberg, and locally common.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina


    • 1 Burtt, BL; Hilliard, OM. 1985. A revision of Geranium in Africa south of the Limpopo. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(2): 171 - 225.
    • 2 Syst. Pl. Eur.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).