Glinus lotoides L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Damascisa


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Glinus lotoides L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000703708. Accessed on: 04 Mar 2021'

General Information

Herbs sturdy, densely stellate tomentose. Stems decumbent, 10-40 cm, much branched. Petiole very short; basal leaves in a rosette, drying soon; upper leaves verticillate or opposite, obovate to oblong-spatulate, 6-24 × 5-15 mm, base attenuate, decurrent, margin entire, apex obtuse, rounded, or acute. Flowers several, in groups, sessile or subsessile. Tepals elliptic or oblong, 4-6(-10) mm. Stamens usually 3-15, free. Ovary ovoid, 5-loculed; styles 5, free, linear, short, curved outward. Capsule ovoid, ca. as long as persistent tepals, 5-valved. Seeds numerous, chestnut-brown, reniform, granulose; strophiole scrotiform, ca. 2/3 as long as seed or longer. Fl. and fr. spring-summer. 2n = 36.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Stems 0.5-3.5 dm. Leaves whor-led; petiole 1-7 mm; blade obovate or orbiculate to broadly spatulate, 5-25 × 0.4-17 mm, base cuneate, apex broadly rounded to acute. Flowers in clusters of 3-15; sepals lanceolate, 3.5-4.1 × 0.4-2 mm, stellate-pubescent abaxially, glabrous adaxially, apex rounded to acute or slightly mucronate; stamens 3-5. Capsules ellipsoid, 3.6-4.5 × 1.8-2 mm. Seeds 10-25 per locule, orange-brown, 0.4-0.6 × 0.3-0.4 mm, papillate, somewhat glossy or dull; papillae sometimes black. 2n = 36.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    "Is intr. from Africa into s. U.S., n. to c. Mo. It is a low annual, with forking, stellate- villous stems, small, rounded, opposite lvs, and clustered small fls with 3–5 stamens, 3–5 locules, a single short style, and tuberculate seeds."

  • Provided by: [J].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Annual procumbent herb up to 40 cm long, with stellate woolly parts. Leaves sub-verticillate, 0.6-2.0 cm long, 0.5-1.8 cm broad, orbiculate or more or less cuneate, often mucronate; petiole 2-8 mm long. Flowers in axillary clusters of 5(-6), sub-sessile; pedicel up to 1.5 mm long. Sepals 4-4.5mm long, up to 7 mm in fruit, persistent, ovate to ovate-oblong, apiculate, imbricate. Fertile stamens 12; filaments 2-3.5 mm long, unequal, persistent; anthers less than 1 mm long, bilobed. Ovary c. 2 mm long, ovoid. Stigmas 5 (4), linear, c. 1 mm long, persistent. Capsule sub-globose or oblong, c. 6 mm long, membranous, enclosed in the sepals. Seeds many, less than 1 mm long, tuberculate, strophiolate, with a curved linear appendage c. 3/4 the size of the seed.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Diagnostic Description

    A variable species in size, in the shape of the leaves and in the quantity of hairs.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Very variable.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    A herb of moist sandy places

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruiting calyx 2.5–4.5 mm. broad, 5–8 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Fig. 5/1–7.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    A semi-erect, decumbent or prostrate and rosette-forming pale- or grey-green diffusely-branched densely stellate pubescent herb up to 20 cm. high; branchlets 10–45 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Staminodes 0–9, strap-shaped, two-pronged at the apex.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, free.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Flowers greenish-white, sometimes with a pink tinge, not conspicuous, in tight nodal fascicles, 2–10 per node, pedicellate; pedicels 1.5–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite or apparently verticillate, petiolate, 10–42 mm. long (including petiole of 1–11 mm.), 5–22 mm. broad; blade elliptic or obovate or suborbicular, plane or the veins impressed above and prominent below, entire or the margin obscurely wavy, subacute to rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Ovary of 5, rarely 3 united carpels.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Stamens 11–30.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Seeds dark brown, usually with ridges, with or without tubercles, the aril c. 1/2 the length of the seed.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Flowers greenish-white, sometimes with a pink tinge, apparently cleistogamous, inconspicuous, clustered at nodes, 2–10 per node; pedicels 1–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Perianth-segments up to 8 mm. long, more or less keeled, acute or mucronate, remaining closed around the fruit.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Ovary of (3)5 united carpels; stigmas (3)5.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Fruit a capsule, 6 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Staminodes 0–8, strap-shaped, 2-fid at apex.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Stamens usually numerous.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    A decumbent, semi-prostrate or prostrate spreading rosulate herb up to 30 cm. high, diffusely branched, covered with whitish silky stellate hairs.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, opposite or apparently verticillate; laminae 2–37 × 4–23 mm., elliptic, obovate, spathulate or circular, entire; base cuneate, apex subacute to rounded; petiole up to 1–3 cm. long, green when glabrous or glabrescent, whitish when densely covered with persistent stellate silky hairs.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Covered all over with rather rigid stellate and simple spreading hairs. Stems 15-50 cm long, with internodes usually less than 1 cm long. Lower leaves alternate, the upper in whorls of 2-4, petiolate, the blades obovate to almost orbicular, 0.5-3 cm long, 0.5-2 cm wide, obtuse or subacute; petioles 0.3-1.5 cm long. Flowers solitary or more often in groups of 3-8 or more, on pedicels 1-3 mm long. Perianth segment 3-9 mm long, acute or mucronate, more or less keeled, the inner with broad membranous edges. Stamens 10-20 or more, rarely 3-5, the outer often without anthers. Stigmas 3 or 5. Seeds dark brown, smooth or with raised ridges, with or without tubercles, the aril about half the length of the seed.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Herbe' d'apparence annuelle, mais robuste, couverte en général dans toutes ses parties d'un revêtement blanc et dense de poils étoilés, rarement peu abondants sur les feuilles adultes; racine pivotante.' Tiges''multiples dès la base, en général couchées et assez ramifiées (formant tapis), atteignant 50 cm de long et 1,5 mm de diam., parfois ± lignifiées; entre-nœuds de 1,5-3,5 cm de long.' Feuilles' à pétiole de 2-5 mm de long; limbe entier, assez épais, typiquement spatulé, longuement atténué vers le bas, arrondi au sommet et brièvement mucroné, de 1-3 cm de long et de 6-15 mm de large.' Inflorescences' axillaires, en glomérules 6-8-flores, rarement plus, de 1,5-2 cm de diam.; pédicelles de 2-3 mm de long.' Périgone' à segments ovales très brièvement apiculés, de 6-8 mm de long à l'état fructifié, les extérieurs tout couverts de poils, les intérieurs à bords largement membraneux, verts seulement sur la ligne médiane; étamines au moins 10 fertiles, plus un nombre variable de staminodes (filets parfois bifurqués, sans anthère); ovaire en général 5-carpellaire; style très court, divisé en 5 branches.' Capsules' de 6-8 mm de long, à péricarpe membraneux.' Graines très nombreuses, réniformes, de 0,5-0,7 mm de long; testa brun rougeâtre, nettement muriqué; arille de 0,4 mm de long.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Much-branched, prostrate annual, stems 150-500 mm long, covered with stellate and simple hairs. Leaves alternate below, with upper ones in whorls, narrowly elliptic to ovate, ± fleshy, without stipules. Flowers 1 or 3-8 axillary cymes, sepals with acute mucronate tips, yellowish to whitish green on inside, inner 3 with membranous edges, stamens 10-20 or more.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Terrain sableux, cultures, bords des chemins en région à climat sec.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    In seasonally moist places.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Throughout Central Africa, also tropical Asia, and in Australia. In Europe, in Spain, Sicily and Bulgaria.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    De l'Afrique du Nord au Cap de Bonne Espérance; Europe et Asie méridionales

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Native to Eurasia and Africa, naturalised in tropical and warm temperate regions worldwide.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Damascisa

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Molluginaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • J Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).