Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.
  • Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000713868. Accessed on: 19 Sep 2020'

General Information

Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. 282, t. 178, f. 80. 1763.

Arboles pequeños, hasta 15 m de alto. Hojas enteras o con 3 lobos poco profundos, membranáceas a cartáceas, 10–30 cm de largo y de ancho, truncadas o cordadas en la base, lobos acuminados. Flores estaminadas hasta 4 mm de largo, estambres generalmente 4. Fruto ovoide, alas 10–12 cm de largo y 1–1.5 cm de ancho, grises.

Común, en bosques secos, zona pacífica; 0–500 m; fl nov–dic, fr ene–jun; Stevens 3616, 10919; en áreas secas estacionales en los trópicos.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Plantas 10 –15 m. Hojas con la lámina 10 – 30 X ca. 30 cm, entera o débilmente 3 – 5-lobulada. Infls. 10 –15 cm. Fls. estaminadas con 4 estambres. Frs. ovoides, las alas 10 –12 cm.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Flowers greenish-yellow or cream.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Tree, 25–50 ft. high

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized deciduous tree usually 12–18 m., rarely over 30 m. tall or shrubby, often flowering when almost or quite leafless; trunk up to 1 m. wide; bark smooth to scaly, grey, white or yellow-brown; slash straw-coloured margined green; twigs brittle.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves either dimorphic, the young ones 3(–5)-lobed up to the middle of the lamina and the older ones ovate-lanceolate or rarely reniform, or all leaves ovate-lanceolate, 4–25 cm. long, 4–22 cm. wide, thin or rarely subcoriaceous, the nervation pedate, the midrib with 3–6 pairs of lateral nerves, glabrous or almost so or brownish to grey-white pubescent or tomentose, laxly so above but denser beneath; petioles 4–18 cm. long, ± channelled.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Flowers ± scented, greenish fulvous, aggregated into terminal much-branched inflorescences.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stamens 4; filaments up to 3 mm. long in bisexual flowers and 4 mm. long in male flowers, ± pilose, rarely glabrous, sometimes with dorsal glands, alternating with 4 minutely pubescent staminodes 0.5–1 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Style recurved or S-shaped.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Fruit pubescent or glabrous, very rugose beneath, with ± 8 longitudinal ribs extending over the upper half or entire length; wings dark brown or blackish, 4–10 cm. long, 2–3(–4) mm. wide at the base, (1–)1.6(–2.2) cm. wide above, minutely pubescent at base but rest glabrous; testa spongy.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia

     Information From

    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • C Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Hernandiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).