Hesperis matronalis L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Gemeine Nachtviole


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Hesperis matronalis L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000721077. Accessed on: 02 Dec 2021'

General Information

Herbs biennial or rarely perennial, 40-80(-110) cm tall, pubescent with simple and forked trichomes. Stems erect, simple basally, often branched above, eglandular and often glabrous distally. Basal leaves withered by flowering. Middle and upper cauline leaves narrowly oblong, lanceolate, or broadly ovate, (2-)4-15(-20) × (0.4-)0.8-4(-6) cm, shortly petiolate, pubescent with simple and forked trichomes, base cuneate, margin denticulate or entire, apex acute or acuminate. Fruiting pedicels divaricate or ascending, (0.5-)0.7-1.7(-2.5) cm, eglandular. Sepals narrowly oblong, 5-8 × 1.5-2 mm. Petals deep purple, lavender, or white, obovate, (1.1-)1.5-2(-2.2) cm × 3.5-9 mm, apex rounded; claw 6-12 mm. Filaments 2.5-6 mm; anthers linear, 2.5-4 mm. Fruit terete, (4-)6-10(-14) cm × 2-2.5 mm; valves glabrous, constricted between seeds. Seeds oblong, (2.5-)3-4 × 1-1.5 mm. Fl. and fr. May-Sep. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stems unbranched basally, often branched distally, 4-8(-11) dm, often eglandular, glabrous distally. Basal leaves withered by flowering, long-petiolate. Cauline leaves short-petiolate; blade narrowly oblong, lanceolate, or broadly ovate, (2-)4-15(-20) cm × (4-)8-40 (-60) mm, base cuneate, margins denticulate or entire, apex acute or acuminate, surfaces pubescent. Fruiting pedicels (5-)7-17(-25) mm. Flowers: sepals 5-8 × 1.5-2 mm; petals (13-)15-20(-22) × 3.5-9 mm, claw 6-12 mm; filaments 2.5-6 mm; anthers 2.5-4 mm. Fruits (4-)6-10(-14) cm × 2-2.5 mm. Seeds (2.5-)3-4 × 1-1.5 mm. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Erect biennial or perennial 5–10 dm, often branched above; lvs lanceolate or deltoid-lanceolate, short-petioled or sessile, remotely and sharply denticulate, pubescent above with simple hairs, below chiefly with branched hairs; sep ± pubescent, fls fragrant; pet purple, varying to pink or white, 2–2.5 cm; frs 5–10 cm, somewhat constricted between the seeds; 2n=16, 24, 26, 28, 32. An old-fashioned ornamental, escaped along roads and in open woods and moist bottomlands; Que. and N.S. to Mich. and Io., s. to Ga. and Ky. May, June."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    A tall, biennial herb, 40-100 cm tall, sparsely branched above, erect, leafy with cauline leaves not amplexicaul, large, dentate. Racemes 20-30-flowered, up to 20 cm long in fruit. Flowers c. 15 mm across, handsome, white, lilac or violet. Sepals 6-8 mm long. Petals 15-20 mm long, c. 2.5 (-3) mm broad, sparsely and inconspicuously glandular. Stamens c. 6: 8 mm long; anthers c. 2.5 mm long. Siliquae (3-) 5-9 cm long, c. 3 mm broad, glabrous, sparsely or inconspicuously glandular, subtorulose; valves rigid with a distinct mid-vein and a few other parallel veins; seeds c. 3 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    40–80 cm hoch, oft verzweigt, mit einfachen und mit 2strahligen, borstenförmigen Haaren. Grundständige Blätter eiförmig bis lanzettlich, kurz gestielt, bis 15 cm lang, fein gezähnt bis fast ganzrandig. Stängelblätter zahlreich, nach oben kle

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    5–7. Gebüsche, Flussufer, Schuttplätze, eingebürgert, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Gemeine NachtvioleGermanCH
    Dame’s-rocket, rocket, dame’s-violet
    Violaciocca antoniana, EsperideItalianCH
    Julienne des damesFrenchCH

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).