Hybanthus prunifolius (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult.) Schulze-Menz
  • Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Hybanthus prunifolius (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult.) Schulze-Menz. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000726083. Accessed on: 30 May 2020'

General Information

Hybanthus prunifolius (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Roem. & Schult.) Schulze-Menz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 114.1934; Viola prunifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ex Roem. & Schult.

Arbustos o árboles, hasta 7 m de alto; ramas jóvenes pilosas, estriadas, gris claras. Hojas alternas, frecuentemente agrupadas en brotes cortos, elípticas, 4.5–15 cm de largo, atenuadas a acuminadas en el ápice, atenuadas en la base, irregularmente serradas o serruladas, lisas, adaxialmente seríceas a lo largo del nervio principal, abaxialmente seríceas cuando jóvenes, tricomas persistentes en el base y a lo largo del nervio principal; pecíolos cortos, estípulas 3–5 mm de largo, con una quilla ósea y con márgenes cartáceos, seríceas a lo largo de la quilla, persistentes. Flores 1–2 en brotes cortos, blancas, pedicelos delgados, 10–20 mm de largo; sépalos lanceolados, 7–11 mm de largo, seríceos; pétalo más inferior 23–45 mm de largo. Cápsula 18–20 mm de largo; semillas 4–5 mm de diámetro.

Rara en bosques húmedos, zona atlántica; 200–300 m; fl feb; Coronado 3332; Nicaragua a Colombia y Venezuela.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrub, infrequently small tree, 1-7 m high, the branchlets whitish, puberulous when young. Leaves alternate, the petiole up to 7 mm long, ? canaliculate above, puberulous, the stipules ovate, concave, acuminate, ca 3 mm long, cartilaginous, whitish, persistent; blade narrowly elliptic to elliptic, obtuse to usually acute at the base, long-acuminate at the apex, serrulate to crenulate at the margins, up to 15 cm long and 6 cm wide, membranous-chartaceous, sparsely cinereous-pubescent especially along the midvein on the lower surface, becoming glabrescent. Flowers axillary, solitary, the pedicel slender, articulate above the middle, up to 1.7 cm long, puberulous, the bracteoles inserted towards the base of the pedicel, broadly ovate, acute, ca 3-3.5 mm long and wide, cartilaginous, whitish, puberulous and persistent; sepals triangular-ovate, obtuse to acute, ca 9 mm long and 4-4.5 mm wide, puberulous outside; petals white, finely puberulous outside; anterior petal up to 4 cm long, the claw geniculate-calcarate, the blade ovate, rounded at the apex, ca 2.7 cm long and 1.8 cm wide; lateral petals oblique-oblong, rounded at the apex, ca 17 mm long and 5-5.5 mm wide; posterior petals ? oblong, subacute, ca 10 mm long and 4.5 mm wide; filaments very short, the 2 anterior ones calcarate, the spur recurved at the apex, ca 2.5 mm long and puberulous; anthers coherent, ca 3.5 mm long, the connective appendages ca 2.5 mm long and brownish; ovary ovoid-ellipsoid, ca 4 mm long, glabrous (or sometimes sparsely pilose?), the style ca 5 mm long, slightly tapering towards the curved apex. Capsule ellipsoid, 3- gonous, acute, up to 2 cm long, the seeds ovoid, 4-5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela; wet forest.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Violaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).