Impatiens walleriana Hook.f.
  • Fl. Trop. Afr.
  • maria-sem-vergonha


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Impatiens walleriana Hook.f. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000731143. Accessed on: 24 Nov 2020'

General Information

Plants perennial, succulent, green or reddish tinged, 30-70 cm tall, simple or branched, glabrous or rarely slightly pubescent at shoot apices. Leaves alternate; petiole 1.5-6 cm, with 1 or 2, rarely few, stipitate glands; leaf blade broadly elliptic or ovate to oblong-elliptic, 4-12 × 2.5-5.5 cm, with 1 or 2, rarely few, stipitate basal glands, glabrous, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, base cuneate, rarely ± rounded, attenuate into petiole, margin crenate-denticulate, apex acute or acuminate, or somewhat cuspidate. Inflorescences in leaf axils of upper stem and branches, usually 2(-5)-flowered, sometimes 1-flowered; peduncles 3-5 cm. Pedicels 1.5-3 cm, slender, bracteate at base; bracts linear-lanceolate or subulate, ca. 2 mm, apex acute. Flowers variable in size and color: red, crimson-red, pink, purple-red, purplish violet, or white. Lateral sepals 2, greenish or whitish, ovate-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 3-7 mm, apex acute. Lower sepal shallowly navicular, 0.8-1.5 cm deep, abruptly constricted into a curved spur; spur filiform, 2.4-4 cm. Upper petal broadly obcordate or obovate, 1.5-1.9 × 1.3-2.5 cm, apex emarginate, cuspidate, abaxial midvein narrowly cristate; lateral united petals not clawed, 1.8-2.5 cm, 2-lobed; basal and distal lobes nearly equal in size and shape; basal lobes obovate or obovate-spatulate, 1.4-2 × ca. 1.4 cm; distal lobes 1.2-2.3 × ca. 1.8 cm, margin entire or emarginate. Ovary fusiform, ca. 4 mm, glabrous. Capsule fusiform, 1.5-2 cm, glabrous. Fl. Jun-Oct. 2n = 16.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Herb, erect, usually branched, rather succulent; stems terete, thick, glabrous, usually striate, usually translucent, minutely white spotted. Leaves alternate, spirally arranged, often crowded above, the blade broadly elliptic or ovate, usually translucent, glabrous, 2.5-10 cm long, 1.3-5 cm broad, acute to short-acuminate at the apex, marginally crenate-denticulate with tentacular hairs on the apex of the crenations, narrowly cuneate at base, often forming a narrow wing on the petiole, with 7-12 pairs of ascending, inconspicuous, lateral veins; petiole 1-3 cm long, usually glabrous, with 1-several marginal tentacular hairs, the hairs to 1 mm long, flattened at the apex. Inflorescences of few-flowered racemes; peduncles 4-5 cm long, glabrous. Flowers usually dark, carmine, red, pink, orange, or violet, with the pedicel 2-2.2 cm long, glabrous, with a pair of linear-lanceolate bracts at the base of the pedicel, the bracts to 3 mm long, glabrous; lateral sepals 4-7 mm long, 2-3 mm broad, ovate-lanceolate, acute, usually glabrous, green; posterior sepal to 1.5 cm long, shallowly navicular, abruptly constricted into the spur, the spur up to 4 cm long, slender, slightly curved, glabrous; anterior petal to 12 mm long, up to 18 mm broad, broadly ovate or obcordate, usually retuse to emarginate at the apex; lateral petals united, very deeply 2-lobed, the lobes equal in size and shape, 1.5-2 cm long, 1.2-1.4 cm broad, obovate, rounded or subtruncate at apex; ovary usually glabrous. Capsule to 18 mm long, fusiform, glabrous; seeds numerous, ca 1.5 mm in diam, pyriform, blackish, usually covered with short thick hairs.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Impatiens walleriana Hook. f. in Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 302. 1868; I. sultanii Hook. f.

    Hierbas glabras, rara vez ligeramente pubescentes en los brotes apicales. Hojas ovadas a elípticas, (2.5) 4–14 cm de largo y (2–) 2.5–5.5 (–7.5) cm de ancho, ápice agudo a cortamente acuminado, base angostamente cuneada, a menudo formando un ala angosta sobre el pecíolo y comúnmente con 1 o varias glándulas, márgenes crenados o crenado-denticulados, cada crena con un solo tricoma.

    Cultivada y localmente abundante en ambientes húmedos y comúnmente sombreados, zona norcentral; 700–1500 m; fl ene, feb, sep–nov; Guzmán 925, Moreno 3412; nativa de Africa centro-oriental. Las cápsulas rara vez se forman en cultivo.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Morphology

    Rather succulent perennial 30–70(–80) cm. tall; stems simple or branched, often forming flat-topped or rounded plants, glabrous, rarely slightly pubescent at the shoot apices, green or reddish-tinged, occasionally rooting at the lower nodes.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 9
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    Flowers in axillary racemes, usually 2–3(–5)-flowered, sometimes 1-flowered, but then ‘pedicel’ always with a bract near the middle, very variable in colour and size, orange, scarlet or crimson-red, pink, mauve, purplish, violet, or occasionally white, the sepals often whitish or greenish white.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Leaves spirally arranged; petiole (1–)3–6(–8) cm. long, with 1–3 extra-floral nectaries scattered along the length; lamina broadly elliptical or ovate to oblong-elliptical or oblong-ovate, (2.5–)4–13(–14) cm. long, (2–)2.5–5.5(–7.5) cm. broad, rather translucent (not always so!), often reddish tinged, the base cuneate, often abruptly so, rarely ± rounded, the apex acute, acuminate or somewhat cuspidate, glabrous; margin crenate or crenate-denticulate; lateral veins 5–8 pairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Bracts usually at least 2, often more than the number of flowers, linear-lanceolate or subulate, 3–6 mm. long, acute.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Peduncle (2–)3.2–5(–6.5) cm. long, glabrous or somewhat pubescent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Pedicels (10–)15–30(–33) mm. long, slender, usually glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Lateral sepals 2 (1 pair) ovate-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, acute, 3–7 mm. long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Fig. 1/A, p. 2; 2/3, p. 4.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Fruit fusiform, 15–20 mm. long, 4–6 mm. broad, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 9
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    Ovary glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 9
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    Lateral united petals 18–25 mm. long, the upper and lower petals almost equal in size and shape; upper petal obovate or obovate-spathulate, 12–23 mm. long, 9–18 mm. broad, entire or slightly emarginate; lower petal obovate or obovate-spathulate, sometimes rather asymmetrical, 14–20 mm. long, 7–14 mm. broad, entire or slightly emarginate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Dorsal petal broadly obcordate or obovate, 11–19 mm. long, 13–25 mm. broad, flattish or slightly cupped, dorsally with a narrow crest terminating in a short acute point.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Lower sepal shallowly navicular,(8–)10–16 mm. long, abruptly constricted into a 28–45(–50) mm. long curved filiform spur, the tip usually slightly swollen, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Juicy perennial herb, 30–50 (80) cm. high, usually branched to form a flat top; stems erect or straggling, succulent, thick, glabrous or rarely scattered-pilose, usually translucent, green or reddish, sometimes rooting at lower nodes.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Seeds numerous, c. 1·75 × 1·5 mm., pyriform, rusty or blackish, ± densely covered with short thick hairs on papillose bases.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Anterior petal up to 12 mm. long, up to 18 mm. broad (when flattened), very broadly ovate or obcordate, with the apex usually retuse to emarginate, rarely acute, dorsally very narrowly cristate; lateral united petals very deeply 2-lobed (the lobes appearing nearly separate), with the lobes nearly equal in shape and size, 10–20 × 7–15 mm. (sometimes even larger), obliquely obovate, obovate-spathulate or obovate-cuneate, with the apex rounded or sub-truncate (see t. 26 fig. 25).

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Lateral sepals (3) 4–7 × 2·25–3 mm. (in cultivated specimen sometimes slightly larger), ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate-triangular, acute, glabrous (always?), green; posterior sepal relatively small, up to 1·5 cm. long, c. 0·5 cm. deep, shallowly navicular, bluntish-keeled, abruptly constricted into the spur, distally sometimes subcaudate, usually acute or subobtuse; spur up to 4 cm. long, slender, slightly curved, usually with the end somewhat thickened, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Capsule up to 18 mm. long, broadly oblique-fusiform, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Ovary usually glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Flowers in few-flowered axillary and/or terminal racemes, rarely apparently 1-flowered by reduction (but then the “pedicel” always with a small bract about the middle), very variable in colour and size, dark carmine, wine-red, pink, orange, violet, rarely white; bracts up to 6 mm. long, lanceolate-triangular, acute; pedicel 1–2·5 (3) cm. long, slender, succulent, usually glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 10
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    Leaves spirally arranged, very rarely apparently opposite, petiolate; lamina very variable in shape and size, (3) 4·5–10 (15) × (2) 2·5–5 (7·5) cm., broadly elliptic or ovate to elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, subsucculent, usually translucent, dark or pale green to reddish-green on both surfaces, glabrous on both surfaces or rarely scattered-pilose beneath (mainly on the nerves), apex acute, often acuminate or cuspidate, rarely obtuse, margin crenate-denticulate, often with tentacular hairs on the apex of the crenations towards the base, base usually narrowly (but sometimes broadly) cuneate or rarely rounded and usually with the lamina running down the petiole and thus forming a narrow wing; secondary nerves 7–12 pairs, not very prominent beneath; petiole (1) 2–4·5 (6·5) cm. long, succulent, usually glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Succulent, perennial herb, up to 0.8 m high. Leaf lamina glabrous; petiole with a few stipitate glands scattered along its length; lateral veins 5-8 pairs. Flowers pinkish mauve.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Habit

    Herb

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Forest, riverine thickets, damp, shaded places.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to eastern Africa.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Maranh
    • Pernambuco
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Mato Grosso

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    maria-sem-vergonhaPortuguese

     Information From

    Balsaminaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • G Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).