Smilax bona-nox L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Zarzaparrilla

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Smilax bona-nox L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 20 Oct 2021'

General Information

Vines; rhizomes tuberous, woody, or stoloniferous. Stems perennial, climbing, often zigzag distally, branched, terete to 4-angled, stout, to 5+ m × 5 mm, woody, glabrous or infrequently with stellate trichomes; prickles often absent distally, tips black, flattened, broad- based, stout, 4–9 mm, rigid. Leaves evergreen, ± evenly dispersed; petiole 0.7–1.5 cm; blade pale green, often with white blotches, drying to uniform tan, thickish, broadly ovate to lanceolate-ovate or hastate to pandurate, with 3(–5) ± prominent veins, 3–10 × 2.5–9 cm, not glaucous, glabrous or minutely pubescent abaxially, base cordate to truncate, frequently lobed; margins entire to remotely spinose-ciliate, thickened by ribbed, cartilaginous band, often revolute and appearing as prominent vein parallel to margins, apex rounded to short-apiculate. Umbels few to numerous, axillary to leaves, 10–15+-flowered, moderately dense; peduncle 1.5–6+ cm. Flowers: perianth pale green; tepals 3–4.5 mm; anthers shorter than to ± equaling filaments; ovule 1 per locule; pedicel 0.8–1.2 cm. Berries black, ovoid to spherical, 6–8 mm, shiny to dull, sometimes glaucous. 2n = 32.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    14. Smilax bona-nox L., Sp. Pl. 1030 (1753). Tipo: Estados Unidos, Beyrich s.n.

    Por M.J. Huft.

    Smilax bona-nox L. var. hederifolia (Beyr. ex Kunth) Fern., S. hederifolia Beyr. ex Kunth.

    Glabras completamente. Tallos cuadrangulares o angulados, en zigzag, armados en la parte inferior con aguijones robustos, rectos, aplanados, más esparcidamente armados en la parte superior con aguijones más pequeños o inermes. Hojas 3-10 x 2-7 cm, 1-1.7 veces más largas que anchas, ampliamente deltado-ovadas, cartáceas, inermes o con aguijones en los márgenes o sobre las nervaduras principales en el envés, 7(-9)-nervias desde la base, las nervaduras secundarias conspicuas, reticuladas, el ápice mucronato, la base cordata, a menudo también ampliamente hastadas, el margen entero; pecíolos 0.5-2.5 cm. Umbelas estaminadas solitarias; pedúnculo 1-2.5 cm, más largo que el pecíolo subyacente, aplanado. Umbelas pistiladas solitarias; pedúnculo 1.5-2.5 cm en la antesis, más largo que el pec&iacuteolo subyacente a menudo hasta 5 cm en la madurez, aplanado. Tépalos de las flores estaminadas 5-6 mm; filamentos c. 3 mm; anteras c. 1.5 mm. Tépalos de las flores pistiladas 3-4 mm. Bayas 5-8 mm, negras. Orillas de arroyos, pendientes pronunciadas en barrancas, claros de bosques. Ch. (Ton 2171, DS). 500-2400 m. (E. Estados Unidos, E. y S. México, Antillas.)

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Slender woody vine; stems usually 4-angled, diffusely branched and often climbing high, armed with large, stout, flattened prickles especially on the angles, or distally unarmed; lvs subcoriaceous and ± persistent, ovate to deltoid or hastate, 4–8 cm, green beneath, conspicuously thickened at the entire or spinulose margins; veinlets prominent; peduncles flattened, much longer than the subtending petiole; fr black, 6–8 mm, 1-seeded; 2n=32. Dry woods, thickets, abandoned fields, and roadsides; s. Md. to Mo. and se. Kans., s. to Fla. and Mex. May–July."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names


     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).