Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm.
  • London J. Bot. 1: 437. 1842
  • ninla phosi (นิลโพสี)(Peninsular)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000748037. Accessed on: 30 Jan 2023'

General Information

Rhizome prostrate, stout, densely covered with shiny brown long hairs. Stipes thick, up to 1 m or more, triangular in transverse section at base, with dense caducous appressed hairs, stipe and rachis green, turning purplish abaxially with age, stipe with a continuous or broken row of linear aerophores on each side, base with a mass of long (1-1.5 cm) hairs, upper part of stipe and rachis covered with small, appressed flaccid hairs becoming glabrescent; lamina 2-pinnate-pinnatifid, 1.5-3 m; medial pinnae 40-80 × 15-30 cm, lower pinnae shortened, deflexed; pinnae many, alternate, stalked, pinnules shortly stalked, usually of ± equal length on either side of rachilla; pinnule segments slightly falcate, apiculate, margins crenulate to serrulate-serrate; veins free, fertile ones simple, sterile simple or forked; lamina subleathery, adaxial surface deep green, abaxial surface glaucous, glabrous on both sides, except hairy on midrib; venation visible on both surfaces, free, lateral veins simple or forked. Sori usually 1-5 at base of lower pairs of pinnule segments; indusia bivalvate, outer indusia orbicular, inner ones ± oblong; outer valve of indusium usually large; paraphyses dark reddish brown. Spores pale yellowish, with equatorial flange.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Rhizome massive, prostrate, very densely covered with golden yellow hairs. Stipes thick, sometimes attaining to 2 cm diam., more than 1.5 m long in larger ones, densely covered with shining, golden yellow, long (more than 4 cm long in some larger ones), slender or warty hairs at base, the hairs on upper parts not so dense, brown to darker, setose, gradually becoming shorter upwards; lamina large, up to 2 m in length, more than 1 m in width, bipinnate; pinnae many, the largest ones up to 75 cm long, 25 cm wide, with numerous pinnules; pinnules deeply pinnatifid throughout, very shortly stalked or subsessile at posterior parts of pinnae, linear-lanceolate, gradually narrowing towards acuminate apex, broadly cuneate to subtruncate at base, 10–15 cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm wide; ultimate segments oblong, oblique to subfalcate, acute at apex, shallowly but distinctly dentate at margin, glaucous in lower surface, 0.8–1.4 cm long, about 3 mm broad, with intervals of 4 mm between the adjacent costules; costae and costules covered with pale, entangled, flaccid, appressed hairs below; veins distinct, once (or twice in larger lobes) forked, sparsely hairy below. Sori terminal on usually unbranched lower veins, parallel to edge of lobes, protected by two indusia; outer indusia round, inner ones elongate at maturity, oblong.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    On open hill slopes and stream banks in tropical evergreen forest at 500–800 m alt., and in lower montane forest at 1000–1500 m alt.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Thailand, Himalayas to S. China and Taiwan, south to W. Malesia, north to the Ryukyus.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Locally used for medicine, especially silky hairs on buds used for fresh wound.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    ninla phosi (นิลโพสี)(Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    pho si (โพสี)(Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    kut sua (กูดเสือ)(Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    wan kai noi (ว่านไก่น้อย)(Central)ThaiTHA
    la-ong faifa (ละอองไฟฟ้า)(Central)ThaiTHA
    khon kai noi (ขนไก่น้อย)(Northeastern)ThaiTHA
    hatsadaeng (หัสแดง)(Eastern)ThaiTHA
    hut phipa (กูดผีป่า)(Northern)ThaiTHA
    kut phan (กูดพาน)(Northern)ThaiTHA

     Information From

    Cibotiaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Cibotiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of Thailand
    https://www.dnp.go.th/botany/eflora/aboutus.html
    Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    • C Forest Herbarium All rights reserved
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Cyatheaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Cyatheaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Polypodiaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Polypodiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).