Wurmbea spicata (Burm.f.) T.Durand & Schinz
  • Consp. Fl. Afric.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Wurmbea spicata (Burm.f.) T.Durand & Schinz. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000751929. Accessed on: 01 Jun 2020'

Morphology

Cormous geophyte, 5-20 cm. Leaves narrowly lanceolate. Flowers white to cream-coloured, sometimes with dark margins, tube shorter than tepals, 3-6 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Corm ovoid, with firm black tunics, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 1-2 cm wide. Neck often distinct, several-layered. Stem above ground 5-20 cm high. Leaves 3(-4), suberect to spreading or recurved, linear-lanceolate, 2-18(-22) cm long, 2-10 mm wide with a somewhat broader base; uppermost leaf usually shorter and more cuspidate. Spike ovoid-cylindrical, 1.5-10 cm long, 1.5-2(-2.5) cm wide, few-many-flowered, usually fairly dense. Perianth campanulate to wheel-shaped, 1-1.7 cm in diam., white to creamy or greenish white. Tube oblong or somewhat cyathiform, 3-6 mm long, 2-3 mm wide basally, often widening above. Segments narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 4-7.5 mm long, 1.5-2.5 mm wide basally, 3-7-veined, obtuse or acute, white or creamy white with sometimes pale greenish tips, with or without (faint or distinct) dark red-brownish purple margins, without nectary spot or rarely with 2 faint spots above the nectary. Nectary an apically open and usually shallow groove above the filament base. Filaments 1.5-3.5 mm long. Anthers oblong or elliptic-oblong, 0.8-1.2 mm long, 0.7-0.8 mm wide, yellow or olive-brown. Ovary narrowly oblong or elliptic-oblong, 2-5 mm long excl. styles; free styles subulate, 2.2-5 mm long. Capsule elliptic-oblong, 3.5-6 mm long excl. styles, 2.5-4 mm wide. Seeds subglobose, ca. 1 mm in diam., brown, finely reticulate-muricate.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Mostly clay and granite slopes in renosterveld.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    In swamps as well as on stony mountain slopes. It has been recorded as growing in damp shale, sandy soil and dry clay.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Bokkeveld Mtns to Swellendam.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Northern and Western Cape.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Consp. Fl. Afric.
    • 2 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Colchicaceae. 80 - 83. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Nordenstam, RB. 1986. The genus Wurmbea (Colchicaceae) in the Cape region. Opera Bot. 87: 5 - 41.

     Information From

    Colchicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).