Massonia bifolia (Jacq.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt
  • Edinburgh J. Bot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Massonia bifolia (Jacq.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000752674. Accessed on: 10 Jul 2020'

Morphology

Bulbous geophyte, 80-200 mm tall. Leaves 2, prostrate; bracts large, lanceolate, succulent. Flowers in a cylindrical, subspicate raceme, overtopped with a coma of large bracts, shortly pedicellate, greenish; tube campanulate, 4-7 mm long, tepals ovate, 10-15 mm long, filaments 7-9 mm long, shortly united below, anthers and pollen yellow, ovary exposed. Capsules subglobose-turbinate, 3-winged, ± 15 mm long, seeds ± 2 mm diam.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Bulbous perennial; bulb subglobose, 2-3 cm diameter; outer tunics papery, pale brown. Leaves 2, prostrate, elliptical to suborbicular, 8-22 x 5-17 cm, subsucculent and fragile, pale green, veins impressed, clasping at base. Inflorescence a stout, conical spike borne at ground level, 3-11 cm long, the peduncle scarcely protruding, tapering below; floral bracts spreading or apically decurved, broadly ovate, acuminate or attenuate, (15)20-40 x 8-20 mm, concave or cupped, subsucculent, green, persisting in fruit, the uppermost bracts sterile and forming a small or conspicuous coma. Flowers subsessile, shallowly campanulate, pale green, sour-scented; pedicel stout, short, up to ± 3 mm long; perianth tube cup-shaped, 4-7 mm long; tepals ascending, ovate, 6-9 x 4-6 mm. Stamens adnate to the base of the tepals, whitish; filaments erect-incurved, connate basally for 1-2 mm, free parts awl-shaped and 6-7 mm long; anthers 2.5-3.5 mm long, creamy yellow. Ovary obtriangular or obovoid, 3-5 x 3-6 mm, green; style ± arcuate, 4-5 mm long. Capsule broadly obovoid-subglobose or obtriangular, three-winged, papery, 1.5-2.5 cm diameter, surrounded at first by persistent, papery perianth. Seeds globose, ± 2 mm diameter, glossy black.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Bulbous geophyte, 8-20 cm. Leaves prostrate, fragile; bracts succulent, green. Flowers sessile in a dense, conical subspicate raceme crowned with a cluster of leafy bracts, cup-shaped, white to green.; anthers yellow. Capsules ± 15 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Sheltered slopes in the lee of rocks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Found in humic pockets in sheltered rocky sites that are locally moist during the winter growing season and that offer shade and protection from the sun throughout the year.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Mostly in rock outcrops.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Southern Namibia, Bushmanland, through central Namaqualand to Bokkeveld and Pakhuis Mountains.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Western southern Africa, ranging from southern Namibia through the higher-lying parts of northern and central Namaqualand to the northern Cedarberg Mountains near Clanwilliam in South Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    S Namibia to Bokkeveld and Pakhuis Mtns.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Edinburgh J. Bot.
    • 2 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2013. Hyacinthaceae: Massonia. 87 - 88. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P; Saunders, R. 2011. 721. Massonia bifolia. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 28(4): 324 - 332. Permission to reproduce this work was granted to SANBI by the Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew.
    • 4 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P; Snijman, DA. 2012. Hyacinthaceae: Massonia Thunb. ex Houtt. 112 - 112. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).