Baeometra uniflora (Jacq.) G.J.Lewis
  • J. S. African Bot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Baeometra uniflora (Jacq.) G.J.Lewis. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000761104. Accessed on: 03 Jun 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Brilliant orange or sulphur-yellow flowers with a dark eye make it instantly recognisable among all other Colchicaceae.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Cormous geophyte to 25 cm. Leaves lanceolate and channelled, spirally arranged. Flowers usually pedicellate, orange, styles free, hooked.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Deciduous geophyte, (50-)100-300 mm. Corn obliquely ovoid with small, crescent-shaped basal ridge, 5-10 mm diam.; tunics dark brown, leathery. Leaves 5-8, mostly congested in a basal fan but only lowermost truly basal, narrowly lanceolate-attenuate, canaliculate, largest with blade 100-300 x 5-10 mm, stem-clasping at base, uppermost almost entirely sheathing. Inflorescence racemose or sub-spicate, 1-5-flowered, lower flowers shortly pedicellate on stout pedicels 2-10 mm long, upper flowers successively more sessile, lowermost 1 or 2 flowers only with associated bract, remainder ebracteate; bracts thread-like or awl-shaped, lowermost largest, up to 25 x 1 mm. Flowers suberect, unscented, yellow to orange flushed red on reverse with tepal claws dark maroon adaxially; tepals free, ± erect below and flaring above, oblanceolate, 15-28 x 3-5 mm, narrowed below into channelled claw 3-12 mm long, abscising after flowering. Stamens adnate to tepal claw; filaments filiform, free parts ±3 mm long, dark maroon; anthers 2-4 mm long, dorsifixed, latrorse, yellow. Ovary cylindrical and 3-lobed, 7-10 mm long, with 3 short, hooked styles ±0.5 mm long, green. Capsule septicidal, cylindrical and 3-lobed, 30-50 mm long, woody, dehiscing only in distal quarter. Seeds subglobose but angled by pressure, 1.0-1.5 mm diam., reddish brown, testa finely reticulate.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Mainly rocky sandstone and granite slopes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Open, seasonally damp or waterlogged situations and are often found in lightly disturbed areas on road verges, along paths and in meadows, typically at lower altitudes in moist-temperate situations.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Malmesbury to Riversdale.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Endemic to the extreme southwestern Cape, from Tulbagh southwards through the Swartland and Boland to the Cape Peninsula and thence eastwards through the Overberg as far as Swellendam and Riversdale.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 J. S. African Bot.
    • 2 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Colchicaceae. 80 - 83. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P; Condy, GS. 2011. Baeometra uniflora (Jacq.) G.J.Lewis. Fl. Pl. Africa 62: 2 - 9, t.2261.

     Information From

    Colchicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).