Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques
  • J. Soc. Imp. Centr. Hort.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000763291. Accessed on: 05 Aug 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Characteristic of this species are the leafy tufts at the apices of the racemes. These bend down to earth because of their weight and take root. In this way they multiply very rapidly and cover vast stretches in the undergrowth of the eastern Cape forests. The plants however do not always produce these leafy rosettes. Those seen from the northern Transvaal never had them.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Seeds saucer-shaped, slightly folded, 2–3 mm. in diameter.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    A variable complex of plants with ± lax leaves and peduncles, sometimes drying blackish.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Rhizome short, vertical or sometimes horizontal with elongated internodes; roots ± spongy, often with spindle-shaped tubers.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Leaves rosulate, petiolate or not, lanceolate to strap-shaped, usually glabrous, 10–60(–100) cm. long, 1–3(–4) cm. wide, sometimes with scabrid margin.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Peduncles often more than one to a plant, 5–20(–50) cm. long, erect to ± drooping, glabrous to scabrid, with a few sterile bracts just below the inflorescence.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Pedicels articulated in upper half, 4–10 mm. long, slightly reflexed during anthesis, erect in fruit, 2–4-nate at the lower nodes.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Small plantlets often produced from the bracts of the inflorescence (pseudovivipary).

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence 10–50(–75 cm.), usually simple, sometimes ± paniculate; rhachis sometimes somewhat scabrid, internode elongation varies considerably giving dense to extremely lax inflorescences; floral bracts 5–20 mm., acute to acuminate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Capsule triquetrous to deltate, emarginate, usually somewhat broader than long, 4–9 mm. long, 5–9(–11) mm. wide.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Style straight, as long as the stamens.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Stamens exserted; filaments fusiform, dilated above the middle, scabrid to papillose, 3–5 mm. long, longer than the 1–2.5 mm. long, versatile anthers.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Perianth slightly urceolate, whitish, often keeled greenish outside and apically; tepals patent to somewhat reflexed at anthesis, 4–7 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, 3-veined, with scabrid margins.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 0.8 m high. Leaves lanceolate, attenuate towards base. Inflorescence a simple raceme, often with a leafy apical tuft. Capsule smooth, globose. Flowers white.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Rhizomatous geophyte to 80 cm, roots swollen toward tips. Leaves soft, channelled. Flowers in long, few-branched racemes often with leafy tufts at nodes, white, filaments smooth. Capsules 3-winged, pedicels articulated near the middle.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Plants up to 80 cm high. Roots long, many, swollen near the tips. Rhizome small, vertical. Leaves variable, 10-30 cm long, 1-2 cm broad, tapering at the base and apex, soft, usually flat, arranged in a loose rosette. Inflorescence much longer than the leaves, a simple long, lax raceme, sometimes with 1-2 basal ascending branches; often the apical flowers suppressed and the bracts enlarged to form a leafy tuft; scape long, terete, bracteate; sterile bracts narrow lanceolate, 2-4 cm long, acuminate, fertile small, deltoid, subulate; pedicels thin, up to 8 mm in fruit, articulated near the middle. Flowers in small, spiral, bracteate, axillary fascicles, 1-6 nate; perianth with narrow segments, 1 cm long, sometimes reflexed; filaments glabrous, slightly swollen above the middle, shrinking unevenly when dry; ovary with ca. 6 ovules per cell. Capsule globose in outline, emarginate, 5 mm in length. Seeds typical, slightly convex on one side. Flowering Period: During the summer months.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Forested kloofs, high montane forest scrub, forest floors.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Forests and bush in shade.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Found along the eastern forest areas from Swellendam to the Soutpansberg; an important constituent of the forest undergrowth; also found near streams and in moist shady places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Swellendam to Mpumalanga.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Synonyms

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).