Convallaria majalis L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Lily-of-the-valley

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Convallaria majalis L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 30 Nov 2021'

General Information

Plants 18--30 cm tall, glabrous. Petiole 8--20 cm; leaf blade abaxially glaucescent, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, 7--20 × 3--8.5 cm, base cuneate, apex subacute to acuminate. Scape slightly arching, 15--30 cm. Bracts lanceolate, 3--6 mm, much shorter than pedicel. Pedicel slightly curved, 0.6--1.5 cm, articulate apically. Perianth white, 5--7 × 5--7 mm; lobes ovate-deltoid, ca. 2 × 2 mm, 1-veined, apex obtuse. Stamens ca. 4 mm; filaments widened gradually toward base; anthers suboblong. Style columnar, 2.5--3 mm. Berry red at maturity, globose, 6--12 mm in diam. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Jul--Sep. 2 n = 38*.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants 1–3 dm. Leaves 15–50 × 2.5–13 cm; petiole 4–30 cm; blade 9–26 cm, strongly or weakly veined. Inflorescence bracts scarious, 4–20 mm. Flowers: tepals 6, white, midribs prominent, white or green, lobes 1–3 mm, with microscopic glands; pedicel 7–11 mm. Berries 1–9, 1–5-seeded, 6–12 mm. Seeds 3–4 mm. 2n = 38.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Lvs narrowly elliptic, to 2 dm, acuminate; scape 1–2 dm; raceme loose, secund; bracts small, lanceolate; pedicels drooping; fls white, fragrant, 6–9 mm; fr (seldom produced) red, 1 cm; 2n=38. Widespread in n. Eurasia, commonly cult. and escaped near gardens; also in rich mt. woods of Va., W.Va., N.C., and Tenn. May. The S. Appalachian plants, seemingly native, are only loosely colonial and are said to differ in other minor ways from the more densely colonial cult. and casually escaped plants.Sometimes treated as a distinct sp. under the name C. montana Raf. or C. majuscula Greene, they may reflect an early escape of a different phase of the sp. from cult."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Stängel 10–25 cm hoch, aufrecht, mit 2 übereinander stehenden, den Stängel scheidig umfassenden Blättern, diese breit-lanzettlich, bis 10 cm breit und 20 cm lang. Blüten nickend, in einer 5–10blütigen, endständigen, lang gestielten, einseitswendigen Tr

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    5. Wälder, Bergwiesen, Geröllhalden, kollin-subalpin(-alpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Lile na ngleanntánIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Mughetto, Giglio delle convalliItalianCH
    Convallaria da matg, Flur son GionRaeto-RomanceCH


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • F All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).