Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G.Lohmann
  • Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela : 273 (2008)
  • unha-de-gato

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G.Lohmann. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 31 May 2023'

General Information

Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G. Lohmann in Hokche et al., Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 273. 2008; Bignonia unguis-cati L.; Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H. Gentry

Zonas glandulares interpeciolares ausentes o muy inconspicuas; pseudoestípulas ovadas, estriadas longitudinalmente. Folíolos angostamente ovados a ovados, 5–16 cm de largo y 1.2–6.9 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base cuneada a truncada. Inflorescencia una panícula generalmente reducida a 1 ó 3 flores; cáliz cupular con el margen sinuoso, 5–18 mm de largo; corola 4.5–10 cm de largo, glabra por fuera. Cápsula 26–95 cm de largo y 1–1.9 cm de ancho, atenuada en los extremos, aplanada, negruzca con pequeñas lenticelas blanquecinas cuando seca; semillas con alas membranáceas y hialinas en los márgenes.

Común, bosques húmedos, áreas alteradas, probablemente en todo el país; 50–1200 m; fl may–jun, fr ene; Araquistain 3564, Stevens 17355; México hasta Argentina y en las Antillas.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Stem: bark squamose absent; colour of the branch brown; branch indumentum glabrous/puberulent; branchlet colour green; branchlet indumentum glabrous/puberulent/pubescent. Leaf: form of the leaflet ovate/elliptic/oblong/obovate; apex of the leaflet acute/apiculate/cuspidate/acuminate; base of the leaflet cuneate/rounded/truncate; type of the tendril trifid uncinate not woody. Inflorescence: type of the inflorescence thyrse/thyrse frondose; form of the bract(s) floral elliptic/lanceate; form of the bracteole(s) lanceolate/linear. Flower: colour of the corolla yellow; colour of the calyx green; form of the corolla infundibular with the upper patent and the lobe(s) lower spread; form of the calyx campanulate; position of the anther included; position of the stigma included. Fruit: form of the fruit linear. Seed: type of the seed winged.

  • Provided by: [E].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Caule: casca escamosa(s) ausente(s); cor do caule(s) castanha; caule(s) pilosidade glabro(s)/puberulenta(s); râmulo(s) cor verde; râmulo(s) pilosidade glabro(s)/puberulento(s)/pubescente(s). Folha: forma do folíolo(s) ovado(s)/elíptico(s)/oblongo(s)/obovado(s); ápice(s) do folíolo(s) agudo(s)/apiculado(s)/cuspidado(s)/acuminado(s); base do folíolo(s) cuneado(s)/redondo(s)/truncado(s); tipo de gavinha(s) trífida(s) uncinado(s) não lenhosa(s). Inflorescência: tipo de inflorescência(s) tirso(s)/tirso(s) frondoso(s); forma da bráctea(s) floral(ais) elíptica(s)/lanceada(s); forma da bractéola(s) lanceolada(s)/linear(es). Flor: cor da corola amarela; cor do cálice(s) verde; forma da corola infundibuliforme(s) com os superior(es) patente(s) e os lobo(s) inferior(es) espalhado(s); forma do cálice(s) campanulado(s); posição das antera(s) incluída(s); posição do estigma(s) incluído(s). Fruto: forma do fruto(s) linear(es). Semente: tipo de semente(s) alada(s).

  • Provided by: [E].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Tallo: cáscara escamosa(s) ausente(s); color del caule(s) marron; caule(s) pilosidad glabro(s)/puberulenta(s); rámulo(s) color verde; rámulo(s) pilosidad glabro(s)/puberulento(s)/pubescente(s). Hoja: forma del foliolo(s) ovado(s)/elíptico(s)/oblongo(s)/obovado(s); ápice(s) del foliolo(s) agudo(s)/apiculado(s)/cuspidado(s)/acuminado(s); base del foliolo(s) cuneado(s)/redondo(s)/truncado(s); tipo de zarzillo(s) trífida(s) uncinado(s) no leñosa(s). Inflorescencia: tipo de inflorescencia(s) tirso(s)/tirso(s) frondoso(s); forma de la bractea(s) floral(es) elíptica(s)/lanceada(s); forma de la bracteola(s) lanceolada(s)/linear(es). Flor: color de la corola amarilla; color del cáliz verde; forma de la corola infundibuliforme(s) con los superior(es) patente(s) y los lobo(s) inferior(es) desparramado(s); forma del cáliz campanulada(s); posición de las antera(s) incluída(s); posición del estigma(s) incluído(s). Fruto: forma del fruto(s) linear(es). Semilla: tipo de semilla(s) alada(s).

  • Provided by: [E].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Liana to 6 cm in diameter, the bark dark, fibrous, irregularly striate; attached to supporting tree by adventitious rootlets; phloem of stem irregularly many-armed in cross section; dimorphic, the juvenile plant with small leaflets, 1-2 cm long and 4-8 mm wide, climbing straight up tree trunks, often rooting at nodes; branchlets terete, puberulous to glabrous, the nodes usually without interpetiolar glandular fields; pseudostipules ovate, longitudinally striate. Leaves 2-foliolate, often with a trifid uncate tendril especially when young; leaflets when young narrowly ovate to lanceolate, mucronate at tip, basally rounded, when mature narrowly ovate to ovate, acute to acuminate, cuneate to truncate, 5.0-16 cm long and 1.2-6.9 cm wide, membranaceous, scattered lepidote above and beneath, otherwise glabrous above and beneath, or sparsely puberulous especially along main veins or rarely densely puberulous over whole under surface, a few plate-shaped glands near midvein beneath, drying dark green or dark olive to almost black, the main veins drying reddish below; mature petiolules 0.8-3.5 cm long, petiole 1.1-6 cm long, glabrous or subpuberulous. Inflorescence an axillary panicle usually reduced to 1 or 3 flowers, rarely to 15 flowers, the branches more or less glabrous. Flowers with the calyx membranaceous, cupular with a sinuous margin, subtruncate, glabrous to slightly lepidote, often with scattered glands, 5-18 mm long and 8-18 mm wide; corolla yellow with ca 9 orange lines in the throat, tubular-campanulate, 4.5-10 cm long and 1.2-2.4 cm wide at mouth of tube, the tube 3.3-6.9 cm long, the lobes 1.2-3.1 cm long, glabrous outside, glabrous or slightly simple puberulous along throat ridges inside, pubescent with simple jointed trichomes at the level of stamen insertion; stamens didynamous, the anther thecae divaricate, 3 mm long, the filaments 1.2-2.4 cm long, the staminode 0.5-1.5 cm long, occasionally developed into fifth stamen, insertion 4-8 mm above base of corolla tube; pistil 2.8-3.8 cm long, the ovary linear, 6-7 mm long and 1.2 mm wide, minutely lepidote to subpuberulous, the ovules 4-seriate but appearing 2-seriate in most cross sections; disc annular, 1-1.5 mm long and 3-4 mm wide. Capsule elongate-linear, tapering at the ends, flattened, 26-95 cm long and 1.0-1.9 cm wide, the surface inconspicuously lepidote, drying blackish with small whitish lenticels, midrib not raised; seeds 1.0-1.8 cm long and 4.2-5.8 cm wide, the wings membranaceous, blunt-ended, mostly brown, the extreme tips irregularly hyaline, not sharply demarcated from seed body.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 



  • Provided by: [E].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Distribution Map

      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Acre
      • Amapí
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Roraima
      • Tocantins
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul


      Other Local Names


       Information From

      World Flora Online Data. 2021.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001–. Flora de Nicaragua, Tropicos Project. Loaded from Tropicos Project: October 2017
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
      • D All Rights Reserved
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      The Brazilian Flora Group (2018): Brazilian Flora 2020. Dataset/Checklist:
      • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      World Flora Online Consortium
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).