Caryota urens L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Solitary fishtail palm


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Caryota urens L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000809839. Accessed on: 19 Jun 2021'

General Information

Stems solitary, greater than 15 cm in diam. Leaves 5--7 m. 2n = 32.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Por Carmen Ulloa Ulloa

    Caryota urens L., Sp. Pl. 1189. 1753.

    Palmas solitarias, 6–12 m de alto y 60 cm de diámetro, inermes; tallos robustos, blanquecinos; plantas monoicas. Hojas 7–15, 3–5 m de largo, bipinnadas; pínnulas numerosas, en forma de cola de pescado, hasta 15 cm de largo y 8 cm de ancho, dispuestas en forma regular a lo largo del raquis secundario, con varios nervios principales que surgen de la base, margen superior premorso, raquis 3–4 m de largo; vaina y pecíolo ca 1.5 m de largo, cubiertos por un denso indumento y escamas de color café, vaina desintegrándose en fibras gruesas y negras. Inflorescencias interfoliares o intrafoliares, 300–400 cm de largo, brácteas pedunculares ca 8, conspicuas, grandes, envolviendo a la inflorescencia cuando en yema, tubulares y partiéndose irregularmente, densamente tomentosas o escamosas, ramas más de 50, colgantes, 200–250 cm de largo, bisexuales; porción distal de las raquillas con tríades protandras, arregladas en espiral; flores estaminadas más o menos alargadas, sépalos más o menos libres, pétalos valvados, connados en la base, estambres 6–100; flores pistiladas globosas, sépalos imbricados, pétalos connados 1/3–1/2 en un tubo basal, estaminodios 0–6. Frutos redondeados, 1.2–1.5 mm de diámetro, residuo estigmático apical, epicarpo liso, mesocarpo carnoso lleno de cristales aguijonosos, endocarpo no diferenciado, rojizo-morados al madurar; semillas 1–2, endosperma ruminado, eofilo bífido con segmentos premorsos.

    Cultivada como ornamental; fr sep; Sandino 3540; nativa de India y Malaya. Género con ca 12 especies distribuidas desde Sri Lanka, India, sur de China, sureste de Asia y Malasia hasta el norte de Australia y las Islas Solomón. "Cola de pescado".

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trunk solitary, annulate, erect, up to 12 m tall, 60-90 cm thick. Leaves up to 3.5 m or more long and up to 3 m wide, not grouped in a terminal crown, but arising successively along the trunk for a good distance below the summit. Leaflets obliquely truncate, 1.2-1.5 m long, alternate, swollen at the point of insertion, outer margin of the leaflets produced into a narrow point, bright green from the lower side; petiole stout; sheath smooth, margin fibrous. Inflorescence axillary, very large, 3 m or more long, pendulous, once branched, branches of equal length. Peduncle curved, thick, enveloped with large bracts, male flowers much larger than the female flowers, longer than broad, slender, 1.2 cm or more in length; calyx 3-lobed, sepal’s margin ciliate; corolla 3-lobed, valvate, woody; stamens 40-45, as long as the petals, anthers acuminate, basifixed, filaments 1-1.5 mm long; pistillode absent; female flower: sepals as in the male; petals 3, lobes valvate, short; staminodes 3. Fruit small, 2 cm in diameter, juicy, juice irritant due to oxalate crystals. Seeds 1-2.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Solitary fishtail palm

     Information From

    Arecaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • G All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • H See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • I Botanic Gardens Conservation International