Olea europaea L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 8 (1753)
  • Uliver


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Olea europaea L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000817273. Accessed on: 07 Feb 2023'

General Information

Trees or shrubs to 10 m, evergreen. Branchlets angular, along with petiole and leaf blade densely silvery-gray or rusty lepidote. Petiole 2-5 mm; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate to elliptic, rarely narrowly ovate, 1.5-10 × 0.5-2 cm, leathery, glabrous, base cuneate or attenuate, margin entire, apex acute to acuminate and mucronate to cuspidate; primary veins 5-11 on each side of midrib, obscure, somewhat raised adaxially. Panicles axillary or terminal, 2-4 cm. Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual, subsessile. Calyx 1-1.5 mm. Corolla white, 2.5-4 mm; tube ca. 1 mm; lobes elliptic-oblong, involute, 1.5-3 mm. Drupe ellipsoid or subglobose, 0.7-4 cm. 2n = 46.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Trees up to 7 m high, greyish-green; bark grey, on branchlets whitish. Leaves lanceolate, sometimes ovate, c. 4 cm long, 1 cm broad, coriaceous; upper surface dark green, with few scales, ventral silvery-whitish due to scaly hairs; petiole 5 mm. Flowers whitish, in terminal or lateral cymes. Calyx truncate or with 4 little teeth. Corolla tube short; lobes 4, 1-2 mm long. Drupe blackish-violet when ripe, ovoid, 1-2 cm in diam.; pulp oily.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Bis 10 m hoher Baum oder Strauch. Blätter lanzettlich, 3–6 cm lang, immergrün, lederig, ganzrandig, oberseits dunkelgrün, ± kahl, unterseits von Schuppenhaaren silbergrau. Blüten in Rispen. Krone weiss, mit kurzer Röhre und 4teiligem,

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Tree to 14 m with warty branchlets. Leaves narrowly elliptic, discolorous, pale-scaled beneath. Flowers in axillary and terminal panicles, white.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Evergreen tree, up to 14 m tall, with warty branchlets. Leaves narrowly elliptic, shiny dark green above, pale greyish scaled beneath. Flowers in loose axillary and terminal panicles, small, white. Fruit an ovoid, purplish black drupe.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    5. Felsige Hänge, Gebüsche, kultiviert und im südlichen TI selten verwildert.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Forests and rocky slopes.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Open rocky slopes, in riverside bush and forests.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Bokkeveld Mtns to E Cape and to N Africa.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Richtersveld to Bokkeveld Plateau to E Cape and to N Africa.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    UliverRaeto-RomanceCH
    OlivierFrenchCH
    OlivoItalianCH
    ÖlbaumGermanCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2022. GlobalTreeSearch online database (version 1.6). Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, UK. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34206.61761 Available at https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php. Accessed on (15/06/2022).
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Oleaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Oleaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).