Syringa vulgaris L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 9 (1753)
  • Flieder

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Syringa vulgaris L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 08 Feb 2023'

General Information

Shrub to 6 m; lvs ovate, 5–10 cm, short-acuminate, truncate to cordate at base; infls 1–2 dm; cor lilac (white), 1 cm wide; 2n=44–48. Native of se. Europe, persisting indefinitely after cult. and often appearing spontaneous, especially in regions of abandoned farms. May.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrub upright, up to 6 m high. Leaves oval, subcordate or tapering at the base, acuminate, 5-10 cm long, 2-6 cm broad, subcoriaceous, bright green, glabrous; petiole 2 cm. Large panicles arising from lateral buds, without leaves at the base, terminal bud suppressed. Flowers often scented, lilac, white, azure, or red, sometimes double. Calyx 2 mm long, 4-toothed, farinose, glandular-ciliolate on margin. Corolla tube narrowly cylindric, c. 1 cm long, lobes 4 (-5), oval, more or less rounded, cucullate at the apex. Anthers included. Capsule smooth, lustrous, brown, 10-15 mm long, 5 mm in diameter, slightly compressed, opening into 2 parts. Seeds 2 (1 in each cell), c. 12 mm long and 5 mm broad, compressed, winged.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    Bis 6 m hoher Strauch oder Baum. Blätter gegenständig, ei- bis herzförmig, zugespitzt, ganzrandig, 4–8(–12) cm lang, kahl, lang gestielt. Blüten in dichten, kegelförmigen, bis 20 cm langen Rispen, mit den Blättern erscheinend, wohlriechend.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    4–5. Kultiviert und gelegentlich verwildert.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Middle Europe Hungary


    Other Local Names

    Serenella, LillàItalianCH


     Information From

    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Dendroflora of Hungary
    • D Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    • E
    International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    IUCN 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. ISSN 2307-8235
    • F See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2022. GlobalTreeSearch online database (version 1.6). Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, UK. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34206.61761 Available at Accessed on (15/06/2022).
    • G Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).