Chloris gayana Kunth
  • Révis. Gramin.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Chloris gayana Kunth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000859517. Accessed on: 27 Nov 2021'

General Information

Perennial, stoloniferous. Culms erect or ascending, usually rooting at lower nodes, ± flattened, hard, 1–1.5(–2) m tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous except mouth; leaf blades flat, 15–35 cm, 2–10 mm wide, scabrous, apex acuminate; ligule ca. 0.5 mm, with long hairs behind. Racemes digitate, 5–20, ascending to spreading, 4–11 cm, greenish brown; rachis scabrous. Spikelets with 3 or 4 florets, 2-awned; lower glume 1.5–2.5 mm; upper glume 2.5–4 mm including awn-point; lemma of fertile floret elliptic to oblanceolate in side view, 2.5–3.5 mm, shortly appressed-sericeous on lower margins, usually a tuft of hairs 0.5–1.5 mm on upper margins, keel glabrous or sparsely to densely sericeous; awn 2–6 mm; second floret usually male, narrowly lanceolate or cuneate, lemma ciliate on margins, body and awn a little shorter than fertile floret; third (and fourth) florets reduced to oblong or clavate awnless scales, less than 1 mm. 2n = 20, 30, 40.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    3. Chloris gayana Kunth, Révis. Gramin. 1: 293 (1830). Sintipo: Senegal, Doellinger 21 (K). N.v.: Pasto rhodes.

    Por R.W. Pohl.

    Perennes estoloníferas, los estolones hasta 100 cm. Tallos 50-200(-300) cm, erectos o geniculados, ramificados, glabros. Vainas glabras; lígula 0.3-0.5 mm; láminas 20-45 cm x 4-15 mm, aplanadas, acuminadas, glabras o escabrosas, conspicuamente papiloso-hirsutas justo arriba de la lígula y a veces esparcidamente papiloso-pilosas en el haz. Espigas 6-16(-30), 5-9(-15) cm, en 1 verticilo, ascendentes a divaricadas. Espiguillas 3-5 mm, densamente imbricadas; gluma inferior 1.4-2.8 mm; gluma superior 2.2-3.5 mm; flósculos 3-5; lema inferior 2.7-4.2 mm, lanceolada a elíptica, los márgenes generalmente ciliados, los tricomas más largos hacia el ápice, la quilla glabra, la arista 2-6.5 mm; anteras c. 2 mm; flósculos rudimentarios 2-4, estaminadas o estériles, el inferior 2.2-3.2 x 0.5-0.8 mm, cilíndrico, obtuso, la arista 0.8-3.2 mm, los superiores progresivamente más pequeños y generalmente no aristados. 2n=20, 30, 40. Cultivada para forraje, posiblemente escapada de cultivo. Ch (Breedlove 10336, F); G (Standley 80483, F); H (Standley 18979, US); ES (Calderón 648, US); N (Araquistain 181, MO); CR (Pohl y Calderón 10351, ISC). 0-2400 m. (Nativa de África; introducida en S. Estados Unidos a Argentina, Asia y Australia, Islas del Pacífico.)

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Chloris gayana Kunth, Révis. Gramin. 293. 1830.

    Perennes estoloníferas, los estolones hasta 100 cm de largo; tallos 50–200 (–300) cm de alto, erectos o geniculados, ramificados, glabros. Vainas glabras; lígula 0.3–0.5 mm de largo; láminas 20–45 cm de largo y 4–15 mm de ancho, aplanadas, acuminadas, glabras o escabrosas, conspicuamente papiloso-hirsutas justo arriba de la lígula y a veces esparcidamente papiloso-pilosas en la haz. Espigas 6–16 (–30), 5–9 (–15) cm de largo, en 1 verticilo, ascendentes a divaricadas; espiguillas 3–5 mm de largo, densamente imbricadas; gluma inferior 1.4–2.8 mm de largo, gluma superior 2.2–3.5 mm de largo; flósculos 3–5; lema inferior 2.7–4.2 mm de largo, lanceolada a elíptica, los márgenes generalmente ciliados, los tricomas más largos hacia el ápice, la quilla glabra, la arista 2–6.5 mm de largo; anteras ca 2 mm de largo; flósculos rudimentarios 2–4, estaminados o estériles, el inferior 2.2–3.2 mm de largo y 0.5–0.8 mm de ancho, cilíndrico, obtuso, la arista 0.8–3.2 mm de largo, los superiores progresivamente más pequeños y generalmente no aristados.

    Cultivada para forraje, posiblemente escapada de cultivo, Matagalpa; 1600 m; fl y fr ago; Araquistain 181; nativa de Africa, introducida en el sur de los Estados Unidos a Argentina, Asia, Australia e Islas del Pacífico.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Perennial; culms 05 to over 2 m high, stoloniferous, erect or ascending, occasionally rooting at the lower nodes, glabrous below the inflorescence. Leaf-blades flat, rarely involute, (15-)25-50 cm long, (1.5)3-9 mm wide, tapering towards the apex. Inflorescence of (5-)7-20 digitate, ascending to spreading spikes 4-15 cm long. Spikelets 34-flowered, 2-awned; lower glume 1.2-2.5 mm long; upper glume 2-4 mm long including the awn-point, lowest lemma lanceolate in side-view, 2.5-3.5 mm long, pallid, sparsely to densely ciliate on the margins and keel, the awn 2-10 mm long; callus rounded, ciliate; 2nd lemma projecting from the side of the lowest lemma, lanceolate, 1.5-3 mm long, ciliate on the margins (but often obscurely so), the awn 1.5-5.5 mm long; 3rd lemma reduced to a scabrid, oblong or clavate awnless scale 0.75-2.5 mm long; 4th lemma, if present, reduced to a clavate awnless scale less than 1 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    Perennial, stoloniferous and tufted, up to 1.2 m high. Leaf blades 250-500 mm long, 3-9 mm wide, basal leaf sheaths strongly keeled. Spikelets 3-5 mm long. Spikes 7-0.40-150 mm long; spikelets overlapping for most of their length; lower glume 1.5-2.5 mm long; lowest lemma 2.5-3.5 mm long, awn 1-10 mm long, shorter than or as long as body of lemma.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Stoloniferous perennial to 1.2 m. Leaves linear. Spikelets in 1-sided, digitate spike-like racemes, 3-5 mm long, awn to as long as lemma, 1-10 mm.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Tufted perennial 500-1 200 mm high; with stolons; basal leaf sheaths strongly keeled. Leaf blade 250-500 x 3-9 mm, tapering to a fine point. Inflorescence digitate, racemes 7-20, 40-150 mm long, green, greenish-brown or light brown; spikelets overlapping for most of their length. Spikelet 3-5 mm long, 3 or 4-flowered; lower glume 1.5-2.5 mm long; upper glume 2-4 mm long; lowest lemma 2.5-3.5 mm long, lanceolate-ovate, sparsely to densely hairy on the margins and keel, with hair length increasing upwards on margins, sometimes margins hairy only near apex, apical hairs 0.5-1.0 mm long, awn 3.4-7.0 mm long, callus rounded; second lemma 1.5-3.0 mm long, lanceolate, glabrous or rarely hairy on the margins and keel, awn 1.5-5.5 mm long; third lemma reduced to an awnless, glabrous, clavate scale 0.75-2.00 mm long, occasionally similar to the second, but then with a rudimentary fourth floret; anther 1.0-1.5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Perennial; up to 1.2 m high; stoloniferous and tufted. Leaf blades 250-500 x 3-9 mm; basal leaf sheaths strongly keeled; uppermost leaf not inflated. Flowers: inflorescence digitate; spikes 7-20; 40-150 mm long; spikelets 3-5 mm long; overlapping for most of their length; lower glume 1.5-2.5 mm long; lowest lemma 2.5-3.5 mm long; sparsely to densely hairy; apical hairs 0.5-1.0 mm long; awn 3.4-7.0 mm long.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    On moist soils, occasionally on well drained soils; riverine woodland to open grasslands.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Riverine woodland to open veld on well drained soils.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Riverine woodland to open veld on well-drained soils.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Native to India.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Indian weed.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Northwards to tropical Africa; introduced and naturalised in many parts of the world; cultivated pasture in Australia, New Zealand and North America. N, B, S, LIM, NW, G, M, FS, KZN, WC, EC.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Native to India.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Pernambuco
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Minas Gerais
    • São Paulo
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Poaceae
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).