Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.
  • Fl. Carniol.
  • milhã


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000864353. Accessed on: 29 May 2020'

General Information

Annual. Culms erect or decumbent at base, 10–80 cm tall, glabrous or nodes bearded. Leaf sheaths glabrous or sparsely papillose-pilose; leaf blades linear-lanceolate, 5–20 × 0.4–1.2 cm, glabrous or pilose, margins thickened, scabrous; ligule 1–3 mm. Inflorescence digitate or subdigitate, axis 1–2 cm; racemes 4–12, stiff, 5–18 cm; spikelets paired, overlapping by about 2/3 their length; rachis winged, midrib triquetrous, margins scabrous. Spikelets elliptic-lanceolate, 3–3.5 mm, acute; lower glume small, ca. 0.2 mm, triangular; upper glume lanceolate, 1/3–1/2 spikelet length, 3-veined, pubescent, subacute; lower lemma as long as spikelet, 7-veined, veins evenly spaced or a broader interspace flanking the midvein, midvein smooth, lateral veins setiform-scabrous especially toward the apex, appressed-pubescent on lateral intervein spaces and margins, rarely also setose; upper lemma greenish gray or light brown, lanceolate, as long as spikelet, apex acuminate. Anthers ca. 1 mm. Fl. and fr. Jun–Sep. 2n = 28, 36.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    7. Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol. ed. 2, 1: 52 (1771).

    Por R.W. Pohl y G. Davidse.

    Panicum sanguinale L., Sp. Pl. 57 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Hitchcock, 1908): Anon. (LINN-80.31).

    Anuales. Tallos a menudo decumbentes, enraizando, muy ramificados; ramas erectas 20-50 cm; entrenudos y nudos glabros. Hojas más o menos papiloso-hirsutas; lígula 1-2 mm; láminas 3-8 cm x 3-8 mm, linear a linear-lanceoladas. Inflorescencia 4-13 cm; racimos 5-7, 3.5-10 cm, digitados; raquis de los racimos 0.8-1.1 mm de ancho, alado, marginalmente escabroso. Espiguillas 2.5-2.8 mm, pareadas, lanceoladas; gluma inferior c. 0.2 mm, deltoide, enervia; gluma superior 0.7-1 mm, 3-nervia, ciliada; lema inferior tan larga como la espiguilla, las nervaduras marginales escabrosas; lema superior tan larga como la espiguilla, gris oscuro o azulosa; anteras 0.9-1 mm. Malezas en áreas cultivadas. P (Tyson 5807, MO). c. 2000 m. (Nativa del Viejo Mundo; introducida en áreas cálidas y templadas del mundo.)

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Decumbent or geniculate-spreading annual; culms geniculate and commonly rooting at the lower nodes, ascending, 15 cm. to more than 1 m. long; sheaths shorter than the internodes, sparsely to rather densely papillose-hirsute; ligule membranaceous, truncate, 1-2 mm. long; blades 2-10 cm. long, or sometimes longer in robust specimens, 2-9 mm. wide, scabrous, sparsely to rather densely pilose or papillose-pilose with prominent white midnerve and margins; racemes 2-several, digitate or with a second whorl a short distance below, the rachis about 1 mm. wide, narrowly winged; spikelets 3 mm. long, the first glume small but plainly evident; second glume acuminate, about three-fourths as long as the fruit; sterile lemma slightly longer than the fruit, from nearly glabrous to prominently villous on the margins.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    "Decumbent or prostrate, much branched, rooting at the nodes, usually 3–6 dm; sheaths and blades papillose-pilose, the blades 4–10 cm × 5–10 mm; racemes 3–6 in each of 1–3 whorls, 5–15 cm; rachis 1 mm wide, broadly winged, scabrous on the margins; pedicels triquetrous, scabrous; spikelets 2.4–3.2 mm; first glume minute, often deciduous, the second 0.8–1.8 mm, a third to three-fifths the length of the spikelet; sterile lemma usually scabrous on the 5 strong veins; fertile lemma grayish-brown; 2n=18–76, mostly 36. Native of Europe, now cosmop. and established as a weed of lawns, fields, gardens, and waste places throughout our range and w. to the Pacific, giving way southward to no. 5 [Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler]."

  • Provided by: [I].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Diagnostic Description

    Closely related to and intergrading with D. ciliaris, D. nuda and D. velutina.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Morphology

    Leaf-blades broadly linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3–30 cm. long, 3–17 mm. wide.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Annual; culms 20–60 cm. high or sometimes more, decumbent at the base, geniculately ascending.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Inflorescence digitate or subdigitate (rarely with an axis up to 5 cm. long in robust specimens), of 2–16 racemes; racemes stiff, 3–20 cm. long, the spikelets binate and overlapping by about 2/3 of their length on a winged rhachis with triquetrous midrib.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Spikelets narrowly elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 2.3–3.5 mm. long, acute; lower glume a little ovate scale 0.2 mm. long; upper glume 1/3–1/2 as long as the spikelet, 3-nerved; lower lemma as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, the nerves evenly spaced (or occasionally with a wide interspace flanking the midrib) and scaberulous, obscurely and appressedly pubescent, rarely with brownish glassy bristles, very rarely with a ciliate frill; fruit lanceolate, grey or light brown, as long as the lower lemma or almost so.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Superior lemma as long as to somewhat shorter than the spikelet, oblong-lanceolate, slightly acuminate, pale yellow to pale brown, sometimes purplish tinged.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, ovate-oblong, 7-nerved, nerves scabrous, especially the subcentral and submarginal nerves, central zone often broad, appressed hairy.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Superior glume 1/3–2/3 of the spikelet, ovate to oblong triangular, 3-nerved, appressed hairy, hairs fine, smooth, acute.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Inferior glume short, triangular, sometimes truncate or even slightly bifid.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Pedicels 2-nate, 0.3–3 mm. long, triangular, scabrous, scarcely widened at the apex.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Rhachis triquetrous, broadly winged, up to 0.7 mm. wide, smooth to scaberulous with scabrous margins.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Spikelets (1.8)2.1–2.8 mm. long, ovate-oblong.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Culms 20–60 cm., decumbent or creeping at the base, glabrous, nodes dark and glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    A loosely caespitose or solitary growing annual.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ligule 1–2 mm. long, truncate, erose.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Leaf sheaths smooth to scaberulous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence composed of (2)4–8 racemes, (3)6–12 cm. long, erect, (2)3–4(5) in a inferior whorl, sometimes a second, superior whorl of 2–3 racemes.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaf laminae 3–12 × 0.1–0.5 cm., linear, flat, scaberulous on both surfaces, with a few bulbous based bristles on the superior surface, near the base, scaberulous along the margin.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Spreading annual, up to 0.5 m tall, often rooting at nodes. Leaves linear; ligule an unfringed membrane. Inflorescence of 3-12 digitately or subdigitately arranged racemes, rhachis broadly winged. Spikelets 2.3-3.1 mm long, appressed hairy, hairs long and dense; upper glume shorter than spikelet; 2-flowered, lower sterile, awnless; nerves of lemma scabrid (often very difficult to see); upper lemma of `digitaria' type.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Tufted annual 200-600 mm high; culms branched, decumbent, rooting from lower nodes, nodes dark, glabrous. Leaf blade 27-170 x 3-10 mm. Inflorescence digitate or subdigitate, of 3-12 racemes 40-120 mm long; rachis triquetrous, broadly winged, glabrous to scaberulous; pedicel triangular, scaberulous; spikelets paired. Spikelet (1.8)2.3-3.5 mm long, acute; internode absent; lower glume a small ovate-triangular scale 0.2-0.3 mm long; upper glume shorter to nearly as long as spikelet, 3-nerved, adpressed hairy, hairs fine, acute; lower lemma equalling or just shorter than spikelet, acute, 7-nerved, scaberulous along nerves (may need a strong lens and easier to see near apex); upper lemma exposed, as long as spikelet, acute, pale yellow to pale brown; anthers 0.7-1.2 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Annual, tufted, up to 0.6 m high. Leaf blades 27-170 mm long, 3-10 mm wide. Culms branched, decumbent and rooting from lower nodes. Spikelets 2.3-3.1 mm long, 1 mm wide. Racemes 3-12, digitate or subdigitate, 40-105 mm long; lower lemma equalling or shorter than spikelet, scaberulous along nerves, very rarely with a ciliate frill.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Spreading annual to 50 cm. Leaves linear. Spikelets in 3-12 digitately arranged racemes, lemmas scabrid.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Annual; up to 0.6 m high; tufted. Culms branched; decumbent and rooting from lower nodes. Leaf blades 27-170 x 3-10 mm. Flowers: inflorescence digitate or subdigitate; racemes 3-12; 40-105 mm long; spikelets 2.3-3.1 x 1 mm; lower lemma equalling or shorter than spikelet; scaberulous along nerves; very rarely with a ciliate frill.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Habitat

    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Kalahari Deciduous Acacia-wooded Grassland; Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A common weed in cultivated ground and waste places, in warm temperate and tropical regions around the world.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Widespread European weed.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Naturalised from Europe. Warm temperate and tropical regions having been introduced in many parts of the world. Widespread in South Africa. N, B, L, S, LIM, NW, G, M, FS, KZN, NC, WC, EC.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    European weed.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    milhãPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • I Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Poaceae
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).