Echinochloa colona (L.) Link
  • Hort. Berol.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000865220. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

1. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 209 (1833).

Por R.W. Pohl.

Panicum colonum L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 870 (1759). Lectotipo: (designado por Clayton y Renvoize, 1982): Jamaica, Anon. (LINN-80.23).

Anuales cespitosas. Tallos 20-90 cm, erectos o decumbentes y enraizando, ramificados; entrenudos glabros; nudos híspidos o glabros. Vainas glabras; lígula ausente; láminas 8-22 cm x 3-8 mm, a veces con bandas purpúreas, generalmente glabras. Panícula 2-12 cm; racimos 5-10, 0.7-3 cm, simples, las espiguillas en 4 hileras. Espiguillas 2.3-2.9 mm, agudas o apiculadas; gluma inferior 1-1.5 mm, 3-nervia; gluma superior tan larga como la espiguilla, 5-nervia; flósculo inferior estéril; pálea inferior casi tan larga como la lema inferior pero más angosta; flósculo superior 1.9-2.2 mm, el ápice membranáceo 0.2-0.3 mm; anteras 0.7-0.8 mm. 2n=36, 54. Áreas húmedas perturbadas. T (Conrad y Conrad 2957, F); Ch (Davidse et al. 30161, MO); Y (Lundell y Lundell 8026, US); B (Innes RRI 41, ISC); G (Ortíz 1983, ISC); H (Pohl y Davidse 12176, ISC); ES (Pohl y Davidse 11877, ISC); N (Pohl y Davidse 12213, ISC); CR (Pohl y Davidse 10564, ISC); P (D'Arcy 10635, ISC). 0-1300 m. (Trópicos y subtrópicos.)

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plantas anuales, cespitosas, 18–65(–90) cm; tallos erectos a erecto-decum-bentes. Hojas con la vaina glabra; lígula ausente; lámina 7–21(–23) cm × 3–8 mm,glabra a glabrada. Infl. 3–9(–12.5) cm; racimos 5–11, usualmente 0.5–1.5(–3) cm.Espiguillas en 4 hileras, 2.3–3 mm, agudas a apiculadas, puberulentas; gluma infe-rior 1–1.5 mm, trinervada, no aristada, la superior tan larga como la espiguilla, 5-nervada; flósculo inferior estéril, el superior 1.9–2.2 mm.

  • Provided by: [B].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual. Culms erect or ascending, up to 60 cm or more tall. Leaf sheaths compressed and keeled; leaf blades linear, flat, 3–20 × 0.3–0.7 cm, glabrous, sometimes with transverse purple bands, margins slightly scabrous, apex acute. Inflorescence narrow, 5–10 cm; racemes 1–2 cm, erect or sometimes stiffly diverging, simple, separated or overlapping by up to half their length or more, rachis usually without long, tubercle-based hairs, spikelets tightly congested in 4 neat rows. Spikelets plumply ovate-oblong, 2–3 mm, hirtellous, sharply acute; lower glume ca. 1/2 as long as spikelet; lower lemma staminate or sterile; upper lemma whitish at maturity, elliptic. Fl. and fr. summer and autumn. 2n = 36.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 209. 1833; Panicum colonum L.

      Anuales cespitosas; tallos 20–90 cm de largo, erectos o decumbentes y enraizando, ramificados; entrenudos glabros; nudos híspidos o glabros. Vainas glabras; lígula ausente; láminas 8–22 cm de largo y 3–8 mm de ancho, a veces con bandas purpúreas, generalmente glabras. Panícula 2–12 cm de largo, racimos 5–10, 0.7–3 cm de largo, simples; espiguillas en 4 hileras, 2.3–2.9 mm de largo, agudas o apiculadas; gluma inferior 1–1.5 mm de largo, 3-nervia, gluma superior tan larga como la espiguilla, 5-nervia; flósculo inferior estéril; pálea inferior casi tan larga como la lema inferior pero más angosta; flósculo superior 1.9–2.2 mm de largo, el ápice membranáceo 0.2–0.3 mm de largo; anteras 0.7–0.8 mm de largo.

      Común, áreas húmedas perturbadas, en todo el país; 0–920 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Araquistain 313, Moreno 1411; trópicos y subtrópicos.

    • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      "Culms weak, freely branched, 1–7 dm; lvs glabrous, the blades 2–6(–9) mm wide; panicle slender, 5–12 cm, with several alternate racemes often 1 cm apart; racemes erect or ascending, blunt, 1–2 cm; spikelets crowded and subsessile in 4 longitudinal rows, 2.5–3 mm, often obovoid, awnless; second glume and sterile lemma uniformly pubescent, the hairs under 0.5 mm; fertile lemma 2.5–2.9 mm, obtuse or acute; 2n=54. Native to the Old World tropics, now a pantrop. weed, extending n. to Va., Mo., Ill., and Calif."

    • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Annual; culms 10-100 cm high, erect or ascending. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long. 2-8 mm wide, occasionally marked with purple bars; ligule absent; sheaths glabrous. Inflorescence typically linear, 1-15 cm long, the racemes neatly 4-rowed, seldom over 3 cm long, simple, commonly ± half their length apart and appressed to the axis but sometimes subverticillate and spreading. Spikelets ovate-elliptic to subglobose, 1.5-3 mm long, pubescent; lower lemma acute to cuspidate (rarely with a subulate point up to 1 mm long); upper lemma 2-3 mm long.

    • Provided by: [I].Flora of Pakistan
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Diagnostic Description

      This species hybridises with E. crusgalli and E. haploclada.

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Morphology

      Annual, hydrophyte, stoloniferous and tufted, up to 1 m high. Leaf blades 50-300 mm long, 2-8 mm wide; ligule absent. Spikelets 1.5-3.0 mm long, 1.0-1.5 mm wide, pubescent. Inflorescence 10-150 mm long; racemes neatly 4-rowed, 10-25 mm long; lower floret male or sterile; lower lemma not awned (tip sometimes up to 1 mm long).

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Tufted annual 100-1 000 mm high; hygrophyte; stoloniferous. Leaf blade 50-300 x 2-8 mm; ligule absent. Inflorescence 10-150 mm long, elongated; racemes 10-25 mm long, neatly 4-rowed, without secondary branchlets at base, not or inconspicuously compound. Spikelet 1.5-3.0 x 1.0-1.5 mm, subglobose to ovate-elliptic, pubescent; glumes and lower lemma minutely hairy on surface, nerves with or without long, rigid hairs; lower floret male or sterile; lower lemma awnless; upper lemma 2 to 3 mm long; anther 0.6-1.4 mm long.

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Annual; up to 1 m high; hydrophyte; stoloniferous and tufted. Leaf blades 50-300 x 2-8 mm; ligule absent. Flowers: inflorescence subdigitate; 10-150 mm long; racemes neatly 4-rowed; 10-25 mm long; base with no secondary branchlets spikelets 1.5-3.0 x 1.0-1.5 mm; pubescent; lower floret male or sterile; lower lemma not awned (apex sometimes up to 1 mm long).

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      Muddy or swampy places.

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Muddy or swampy places.

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Dry Grassland. Muddy or swampy places.

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      Northwards. Worldwide in tropics and subtropics. N, B, S, L, LIM, NW, G, M, FS, KZN, NC, WC, EC.

    • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Amapí
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Pernambuco
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Synonyms

        Bibliography

       Information From

      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • A Missouri Botanical Garden
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • H All Rights Reserved
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • I Missouri Botanical Garden
      International Union for Conservation of Nature
      https://www.iucn.org/
      IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
      • J All Rights Reserved
      International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
      https://www.iucnredlist.org/
      IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
      • K See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
      Poaceae
      • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).