Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
  • Spic. Fl. Lips.
  • Festuca alta


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Festuca arundinacea Schreb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000869819. Accessed on: 30 May 2020'

General Information

Plant tussock forming; shoots intravaginal. Culms robust, 30–100 cm tall, nodes 1–2(–5). Leaf sheaths usually smooth, occasionally scabrid at base; auricles falcate, ciliolate; leaf blades flat, tough, 4–35 cm × 1.5–7 mm, margins scabrid, veins 18, tapering to a fine point; adaxial to abaxial sclerenchyma strands present, abaxial sclerenchyma in narrow discrete strands; ligule 0.5–1 mm, truncate. Panicle loose or contracted, 5–25 cm, many-spiculate; branches 2–10 cm, 1–2 at lower nodes. Spikelets 8–15 mm; florets (2–)3–7; glumes glabrous; lower glume narrowly lanceolate, 3–6 mm; upper glume lanceolate, 4.5–7 mm; rachilla internodes 1.2–1.5 mm; lemmas 6–9 mm, firm except for narrow scarious scabrid margins, apex notched; awns 0.3–0.8(–5) mm; palea keels scaberulous. Anthers 2.7–3.7 mm. Ovary apex glabrous. Fl. and fr. Jun–Sep.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    8. Festuca arundinacea Schreber, Spic. Fl. Lips. 57 (1771). Tipo: Alemania.

    Por G. Davidse.

    Innovaciones extravaginales; rizomas no alargados. Tallos 70-150 cm, glabros. Vainas glabras; aurículas cilioladas; lígula 1-2 mm; láminas 10-60 cm x 3-12 mm, aplanadas, glabras en el envés, escabrosas en el haz; esclerénquima abaxial y adaxial con trabas bien desarrolladas; células buliformes prominentes. Panículas 10-60 cm x 3-12 mm, moderadamente densas, erectas a algo nutantes; eje escabroso; ramas más inferiores 4-13 cm, generalmente pareadas, en su mayoría ascendentes, desnudas en el 1/4-1/3 inferior; pedicelos escabrosos. Espiguillas 10-18 mm; gluma inferior 3-6 mm, lanceolada, 1-nervia; gluma superior 4.5-7 mm; flósculos 3-10; lemas 6-9 mm, escabriúsculas, enteras, no aristadas o la arista hasta 2 mm y sobresaliendo justo por debajo del ápice; anteras 3-4 mm; ovario glabro. 2n=42. Pastizales montañosos. G (Anon., ISC); CR (Pohl y Davidse 10864, F). 1800-2800 m. (Nativa de Eurasia; ampliamente introducida en regiones templadas del mundo, escasamente en tierras altas tropicales.)

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plantas rizomatosas, hasta ca. 155 cm. Hojas con la vaina con aurículas cilioladas; lígula 1–2 mm; lámina9–64 cm × 3–13 mm, aplanada, el haz escabrosa. Infls. erectas a pendulosas, 12–55(–62) cm, ± densas,verdes, las ramas inferiores pareadas. Espiguillas 10–19 mm; gluma inferior 1-nervada, la superior 4.5–7 mm;flósculos 3–8(–10); lemas 5–9 mm, no aristadas, o si aristadas entonces la arista hasta ca. 2 mm.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    "Much like no. 1 [Festuca pratensis Huds.], often taller, to 2 m; old sheaths pale stramineous, only tardily disintegrating; blades coarse and thick, prominently ridge-veined above, 4–10 mm wide, with ciliate auricles; first node of the panicle with 2–3 branches, each with 5–15 spikelets, these mostly 3–6-fld; first glume (3–)4–6 mm, the second (4–)5–9 mm; lemmas 7–8.5+ mm, usually scabrous distally, the awn 0.3–2(–4) mm; 2n most often = 42, sometimes 28, 56, 63, 70. Native of Europe, widely planted in our range and elsewhere in the U.S., and readily escaping. (F. elatior, a rejected name)"

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Tufted perennial; culms 45–180 cm. high.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Spikelets closely 3–10-flowered, elliptic to oblong, 10–18 mm. long; lower glume 3–6 mm. long, the upper 4.5–7 mm. long; lemmas narrowly ovate, 6–9 mm. long, awnless or with a fine bristle up to 4 mm. long from just below the hyaline tip; palea as long as the lemma; ovary glabrous; anthers 3–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Panicle lanceolate to ovate, 10–50 cm. long, loose or contracted.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaf-blades 10–60 cm. long and 3–12 mm. wide, flat, with minutely hairy falcate auricles; leaf-sheaths glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Densely tufted, robust perennial 800-2 000 mm high; rhizomatous; sheaths glabrous, not breaking into fibres. Leaf blade 100-600 x 3-12 mm; auricles (best seen in young leaves) well developed, undulating with ear-like extension on either side, to 5 mm wide, minutely hairy; ligule to 2 mm long. Inflorescence 100-500 mm long, open to contracted, lanceolate to ovate, branches erect, stiff ±adpressed to central axis; branches smooth or with scattered prickles; spikelets congested. Spikelet 10-18 mm long; 3-10-flowered; glumes ±equal, lower 1-nerved, upper 3-nerved; lemma acute or awned; awn 0.5-4.0(6.0) mm long; anthers 3-5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Perennial to 2 m. Leaves linear-lanceolate, dark green, auricles well developed. Spikelets in a nodding panicle, 10-18 mm long, awn to 4 mm.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Perennial; up to 2 m high; rhizomatous and tufted. Leaf blades 100-600 x 3-12 mm; leaf sheaths not breaking into fibres; sheaths glabrous; leaf auricles well developed; up to 5 mm wide; usually as a large undulating flange with an ear-like extension on either side of sheath (but may be absent as it breaks off easily); ligules up to 2 mm long. Flowers: panicle narrowly ovate to ovate; 100-500 mm long; nodding; lowest branches < 1/2 length of central axis; spikelets 10-18 mm long; spikelets 3-10-flowered; lemmas acute or awned; awn up to 4 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places near streams, reservoirs and on roadsides.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Damp places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Vredefort Dome Savanna; Mesic Grassland. Disturbed places near streams; reservoirs and on roadsides.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Naturalised from Europe, temperate Asia and northwest Africa; widely introduced elsewhere. LIM, G, M, FS, KZN, WC, EC.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Eurasian weed.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe and temperate Asia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Festuca altaPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Poaceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).