Holcus lanatus L.
  • Sp. Pl.

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Holcus lanatus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000874509. Accessed on: 13 Aug 2020'

General Information

Perennial, softly hairy. Culms tufted, erect or geniculate at base, 30–80 cm tall, pubescent, 4–5-noded. Leaf sheaths loose, tomentose with reflexed hairs; leaf blades flat, 6–18 cm, 3–9 mm wide, soft, both surfaces pubescent, apex acute; ligule 2–3 mm, truncate or toothed. Panicle lanceolate to oblong or ovate in outline, rather loose to very dense, 3–12 cm; branches narrowly ascending, pubescent. Spikelets oblong or gaping, 3.5–6 mm, pale grayish green or purplish; glumes lanceolate, keel and veins hispidulous, surface scabrid or puberulent to villous, lower glume apex acute, upper glume wider and sometimes slightly longer than lower glume, apex mucronate; florets subequal, 2–2.5 mm; rachilla ca. 0.5 mm; lower lemma awnless, anthers 1.8–2 mm; upper lemma with hooked 1–2 mm awn, anthers ca. 1.5 mm. Fl. and fr. May–Oct.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    1. Holcus lanatus L., Sp. Pl. 1048 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Cope en Jarvis et al., 1993): Anon. (LINN-1212.10).

    Por R.W. Pohl.

    Tallos 20-100 cm, erectos, simples; entrenudos. Vainas y láminas velutinas; lígula 1.5-3 mm; láminas 4-20 cm x 3-10 mm. Panícula 7-15 cm, angosta, contraída. Espiguillas 4-4.5 mm; glumas pelosas, ciliadas, la inferior lanceolada, 1-nervia, la superior anchamente ovada, 3-nervia; flósculos 2-2.3 mm; anteras 1.7-2.2 mm. 2n=14. Ch (Ton 1210, DS); CR (Pohl y Davidse 10515, ISC); P (Ebinger 734, US). 1600-3200 m. (Nativa de Eurasia; introducida y naturalizada en otras áreas.)

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Hierbas cespitosas, 20–110 cm, los nudos barbados. Hojas con la vaina velu-tina; lígula una membrana 1.5–3.5 mm; lámina (3.5–)4.5–21 cm × 3–9(–11) mm,aplanada, linear, velutina. Infl. una panícula terminal, 6–14(–16.5) cm, blancoplateado, blanca, o blanco verdusco, rara vez blanco rosado. Espiguillas 4–4.7 mm, comprimidas lateralmente, carinadas, pediceladas; desarticulación pordebajo de las glumas, la espiguilla caediza como una unidad; glumas pubes-centes, la inferior 1-nervada, la superior trinervada; flósculos 2, 2–2.5 mm, elinferior bisexual, no aristado, el superior estaminado, aristado; lema superior1.8–2.5 mm, aristada (la arista >5 mm), 3–5-nervada; páleas ligeramente máscortas que las lemas.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    "Culms 4–10 dm, without rhizomes, soft-villous below, the upper internode usually glabrous; sheaths soft-hairy; blades pale green, soft-hairy, 4–10 mm wide; infl narrowly ovoid, dense, 5–15 cm; glumes 4–5 mm, acute, villous on the surface, short-hirsute on the veins; lemmas smooth and shining, 2 mm, obtuse, the awn of the upper one hooked, 1–2 mm, scarcely exserted from the glumes; 2n=14. Meadows and roadsides in moist soil; native of Europe, now well established throughout our range."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    Perennial, loosely tufted, up to 1 m high. Leaf blades 1.5-8.0 mm wide. Leaves conspicuously woolly, greyish to blue-green. Spikelets 3-4 mm long; lower glume awn never exceeding 0.5 mm; upper glume awn to 1 mm long; upper floret male.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Perennial to 1 m. Leaves linear-lanceolate, softly hairy. Spikelets in a panicle, pink and grey, upper glume awn to 1 mm.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 


    Damp areas.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Vleis, damp sheltered places, on sandy to nutrient rich soils.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 


    Native to Europe.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Eurasian weed.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    Velvet grassEnglish
    Yorkshire FogEnglish


     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).