Lolium multiflorum Lam.
  • Fl. Franç.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Lolium multiflorum Lam. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000878425. Accessed on: 02 Jun 2020'

General Information

2. Lolium multiflorum Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 621 (1779). Lectotipo (designado por Terrell, 1968): Francia, Anon. (P). Por R.W. Pohl y G. Davidse

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Anuales cespitosas. Tallos hasta 120 cm. Hojas glabras; aurículas 1-4 mm; lígula hasta 4 mm; láminas 11-22 cm x 3-8 mm, enrolladas cuando jovenes. Espigas 17-44 cm, delgadas. Espiguillas 8-30 mm; gluma 5-14(-18) mm, 1/4-1/2 la longitud de la espiguilla, 3-7-nervia; flósculos bisexuales 11-22; flósculos estériles ausentes o 1; lemas 4-8.2 mm, 3-5-nervias, no túrgidas cuando maduras, generalmente con una arista hasta 15 mm; anteras (2.5-) 3-4.5(-5) mm.

Cultivada para forraje, potreros. 2n=14. Ch (Laughlin 592, US); G (Williams et al. 26868, F); ES (Rodríguez et al. 277, MO); CR (Pohl 12833, MO); P (Croat 34969, MO). 2100-2700 m. (Nativa de Eurasia; introducida y naturalizada en climas templados del mundo.)

Es interfértil con Lolium perenne y escasamente distinta. Existen líneas robustas y vigorosas de origen híbrido o poliploide que en la actualidad se están cultivando en América tropical, las que eventualmente pueden escaparse del cultivo. La mayoría de los ejemplares citados probablemente representan tales líneas e híbridos.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial. Culms tufted, erect or decumbent at base, 0.5–1.3 m tall, 4–5-noded. Leaf blades flat, 10–20 cm × 3–8 mm, glabrous, adaxial surface scabrid, young blades rolled; auricles usually present, 1–4 mm; ligule up to 4 mm. Raceme erect or nodding, 10–30 cm; rachis scabridulous, spikelets overlapping or up to their own length apart. Spikelets 0.8–3 cm, florets 8–22; glume lanceolate, much shorter than spikelet, scarcely exceeding lowest floret, 5–7-veined, margin narrowly membranous, apex obtuse, acute or slightly erose; lemmas oblong-lanceolate, 5–8 mm, 5-veined, apex acute, obtuse or erose; awn up to 5(–15) mm, fine, straight, or upper lemmas awnless; palea equal to lemma, ciliolate along keels. Caryopsis length 3 times width. Fl. and fr. Jul–Aug. 2n = 14.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Plantas hasta ca. 110 cm, cespitosas. Hojas con lígula 2–4 mm; lámina 10–23 cm × 3–8 mm, enrolladacuando joven. Infl. 18.5–41(–46) cm. Espiguillas 8–28 mm; gluma 5–16 mm; flósculos 11–22; lemas 4–8 mm,aristadas, la arista 7–16 mm.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Morphology

    Paleas scaberulous along the keels.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Lemmas 5-8 mm. long, 5-nerved, awned, imbricate, oblong to lanceolate-oblong, with the apex obtuse and 2-dentate; awn up to 10 mm. long, straight, slender.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Anthers 3-4·5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    A caespitose annual or biennial.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Culms 30-80(100) cm. tall, 2-5-noded, sometimes solitary, simple or branched below, erect or geniculately ascending, smooth or scaberulous beneath the inflorescence.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Caryopsis 3-3·5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaf-sheaths prominently striate, dorsally rounded, tight at first, later somewhat loose, smooth or more rarely scaberulous, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ligule 1-2 mm. long, membranous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaf-laminae 6-25 x 0·4-1 cm., linear, tapering to a fine soft point, with narrow auricles at the base, involute in young shoots, smooth and glossy on the lower and often scaberulous on the upper surface.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Spikes 10-30 cm. long, erect or sometimes nodding, rather compressed, often tinged with purple; rhachis usually scabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Spikelets 7·5-25 mm. long, 5-15-flowered, elliptic-oblong to obovate-oblong in lateral view, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Superior glume much shorter than the spikelet, 4-7-nerved, narrowly oblong or lanceolate-oblong, obtuse to acute.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Short-lived perennial or annual, loosely tufted, up to 0.8 m high. Leaf blades 110-220 mm long, 3-8 mm wide. Spikelets 8-20 mm long, 2-10 mm wide. Glumes ascending or spreading, not concealing spikelets, a quarter to half (to three-quarters) the spikelet length; lemmas acute, not turgid at maturity, awn to 15 mm long. Mature caryopsis more than 3 times as long as wide.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Like L. perenne and hybridising with it but sterile shoots absent, leaves rolled when young and lemmas awned.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Annual or short-lived perennial; up to 0.8 m high; loosely tufted. Leaf blades 110-220 x 3-8 mm; leaves rolled along midrib when young. Flowers: panicle a single; flat spike; spikelets 8-20 x 2-10 mm; glumes ascending or spreading; not concealing spikelets; 1/4-1/2(-3/4) spikelet length; lemmas acute; not turgid at maturity; awn up to 15 mm long; mature caryopsis > 3 x as long as wide.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    On roadsides and other disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Disturbed coastal areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Roadsides and other disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Native to Europe and Mediterranean region.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Eurasian weed.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Native to Europe and Mediterranean region.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Synonyms

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Poaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).