Clerodendrum paniculatum L.
  • Mant. Pl.
  • red pagoda-flower


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Clerodendrum paniculatum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000885138. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

9. Clerodendrumpaniculatum L., Mant. Pl. 1: 90 (1767). Lectotipo (designado por Moldenke y Moldenke, (1983): India, Anon. (microficha MO! ex LINN-810.5). Ilustr.: Wu y Raven, Fl. China Ill. 17: 90, t. 90 (1998).

PorR. Rueda.

Arbustoshasta 3 m; ramas cuadrangulares, medulosas o huecas, puberulentas,lenticeladas; nudos con un anillo de tricomas. Hojas 10-25 × 8-20 cm,3-7-lobadas, ovadas, los lobos triangular-ovados, el lobo central más grandeque los laterales, el haz frecuentemente con puntos trasparentes, el envés conescamas peltadas y puntos, con 5-7 pares de nervaduras secundarias, la venamedia puberulenta, la base cordata, los márgenes crenado-dentados o enteros, elápice agudo a acuminado; pecíolos 9-17 cm, diminutamente puberulentos aglabros. Inflorescencias hasta 39 cm, panículas terminales; pedúnculos 1.5-10cm; pedicelos 5-20 mm; bractéolas y profilos lineares, c. 1 cm. Cáliz 0.3-0.5cm, campanulado, cortamente peloso, rojo aanaranjado, 5-lobado, los lobos 2-4 mm. Corola 1.5-2.5 cm, anaranjada arojo escarlata, puberulenta externamente, el tubo 1-2 cm, los lobos 5-8 mm, delmismo color y pubescencia que el cáliz. Filamentos 2.4-2.7 cm, exertos c. 2.2cm del tubo de la corola. Ovario oblongo, el estilo más largo que losestambres, exerto. Drupas negras, dividiéndose en pirenos y rodeadas por el cáliz. Cultivaday naturalizada. H (Martínez176, TEFH); N (Rueda 1902, MO); CR (Wilbur 39925, DUKE); P (Croat 4065, MO). 0-300 m. (Nativadel SE. de Asia; cultivada en los trópicos de ambos hemisferios.)

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Clerodendrum paniculatum L., Mant. Pl. 1: 90. 1767.

    Arbustos hasta 3 m de alto, ramas medulosas; nudos con un anillo de pelos. Hojas ovadas, 3–7-lobadas, 10–25 cm de largo y 8–20 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base cordada, los lobos triangular-ovados, el lobo central más grande que los laterales, con márgenes crenado-dentados o enteros, con escamas peltadas y puntos en el envés; pecíolos 9–17 cm de largo, menudamente puberulentos a glabros. Inflorescencia cimas axilares de 9–13 cm de largo, y panículas terminales de hasta 39 cm de largo, pedúnculos 1.5–10 cm de largo, pedicelos 5–20 mm de largo, bractéolas y profilos lineares de hasta 1 cm de largo; cáliz 0.3–0.5 cm de largo, cortamente pubescente, rojo a anaranjado; corola con tubo 1–2 cm de largo, lobos 5–8 mm de largo, del mismo color y pubescencia que el cáliz; ovario oblongo, estilo más largo que los estambres. Fruto negro, dividiéndose en pirenos y rodeado por el cáliz.

    Cultivada; 0–100 m; fl jul, dic, fr oct–dic; Araquistain 3371, Rueda 1902; nativa del sureste de Asia.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Bushy herb or erect shrub, to 3 m tall, woody at the base; branchlets stout, medullose or hollow, obtusely tetragonal, usually deeply sulcate in drying, mi- nutely pulverulent-puberulent or glabrate, the nodes with a broad band of tomen- tose hairs. Leaves opposite, gradually smaller upwards; ovate, 6-40 cni long and 7-38 cm wide, basally cordate (3-7-lobed, the uppermost often entire and basally hastate), the lobes triangular-ovate, acute or apiculate, spreading, variable in size, the margins remotely apiculate-denticulate to crenate-dentate or entire, thin- chartaceous or membranous, bright green and usually shiny above, lighter and dull beneath, pulverulent and minutely strigillose above or glabrate, densely squamulose with orbicular peltate scales and punctate beneath, glabrous between the scales or pubescent only on the venation, the central lobe mostly ovate, the others much smaller and triangular; petioles 1.2-3.5 cm long, minutely pulveru- lent-puberulent or glabrate. Inflorescences axillary cymes in the uppermost leaf- axils and terminal panicles, the cymes long-pedunculate, 9-13 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, many-flowered, panicles often large and thyrsoid, to 39 cm long and 26 cm wide, 1-4 times dichotomous, many-flowered, of 4-16 pairs of cymes, the ultimate divisions often racemiform, the branches divaricate-ascending, con- spicuously bracteate, minutely pulverulent-puberulent or glabrate throughout but often tomentose at the sympodial nodes; peduncles 1.5-12 cm long; pedicels rose- color, almost filiform, 4-15 mm long; foliaceous bracts large, a pair subtending each of the larger pairs of inflorescence-branches, ovate-elliptic, entire or ob- scurely 3-lobed, similar to the leaves; bractlets and prophylls linear, 1-10 mm long, puberulent. Flowers slightly odorous, buds red; calyx red or orange-red, 3-5 mm long, short-pubescent, divided to near the base, the segments erect and spreading, corolla orange-red to scarlet, short-hairy, the tube 1.2-1.6 cm long, the lobes of the limb 7-8 mm long, separated in the throat by white streaks, the posterior pair shorter and narrower than the others; filaments exserted 2.5-3.5 cm. Fruit greenish-blue to black.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herb shrub

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A spectacularly showy plant, native to southeastern Asia, Pacific islands where it inhabits evergreen jungles, open forests, thickets, open fields, railroad embank- ments, roadside hedgerows, clearings, and shrub vegetation. It is widely cul- tivated in tropical and subtropical regions and often naturalized.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    red pagoda-flower
    Scarlet glorybower danger-flower

     Information From

    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Lamiaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).