Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf.f.
  • Gard. Chron.
  • lazo de amor mata vaine


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf.f. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000887105. Accessed on: 21 Oct 2020'

General Information

13. Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf., Edinburgh New Philos. J. 15: 233 (1862). Lectotipo (designado por Rueda, (1993):África, Thomson s.n.(E-32/89[1]). Ilustr.: Rueda, Ann. MissouriBot. Gard. 80: 877, t. 4C(1993).

PorR. Rueda.

Arbustos oenredaderas; ramas cuadrangulares, ligeramente sulcadas, puberulentas,lenticeladas. Hojas 6-14 × 2-6 cm, simples, elípticas o elíptico-ovadas,puberulentas en ambas superficies, con 5-7 pares de nervaduras secundarias, lavena media puberulenta, la base redondeada o subaguda, los márgenes enteros,ciliados, el ápice acuminado o cortamente acuminado; pecíolos 0.8-3.5 cm,puberulentos. Inflorescencias 5-9 cm, cimosas, axilares; pedúnculos 2.6-6.5 cm,puberulentos; pedicelos 0.7-1.6 cm, puberulentos; brácteas y profilos 2-11 mm, linear-subulados, puberulentos. Cáliz 1.5-2 cm,globoso, más o menos pentagonal,puberulento, 5-lobado, los lobos 1-1.8 cm, blanco-amarillentos, acuminados.Corola 1.5-3 cm, rojo oscuro a escarlata, externamente glandular puberulenta,internamente puberulenta, el tubo 1-2.5 cm, el limbo c. 1 cm de ancho, 5-lobado, los lobos 5-9 mm, oblongo-elípticos, obtusoso agudos. Filamentos 2-2.2 cm, exertos c. 1.5 cm del tubo de la corola. Ovariooblongo, el estilo 2.9-3.2 cm, filiforme, exerto, más corto o tan largo comolos estambres. Drupas 10-14 × 10-14 mm, negro brillante con un arilo rojouniendo los pirenos, cubierto por el cáliz redondeado o aplanado-globoso y rojoa rosado; semillas oblongas. Cultivada.Ch (Matuda 17699, MEXU); G (Standley 24316, GH); H (Standley y Chacón 5645, F); N (Rueda14354, MO); CR (Echeverría 452, CR); P (Pittier 2739, US). 0-800 m. (Nativa de África; cultivadaen América tropical.)

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    High-climbing herbaceous or woody vine to 7 m long, more rarely a low shrub, 2-2.5 m tall; branchlets grayish, obtusely tetragonal, slender glabrate; twigs purplish or brown, densely puberulent; leaf-scars often large and circular, borne on prominent corky sterigmata, not spinescent. Leaves opposite; thin-chartaceous or membranous, often drying dark, entire, elliptic or elliptic-ovate, 6-14.5 cm long and 317 cm wide, apically short-acuminate, basally rounded or subacute, dark- green above, lighter beneath, glabrate on both surfaces or slightly pulverulent along the larger veins; petioles 0.8-3.5 cm long, minutely purplish-puberulent. Inflorescences axillary, cymose, abundant near the apices of the twigs; cymes solitary, opposite, spreading, 5-9 cm long and 4-8.5 cm wide, loosely flowered; peduncles slender, 2.6-6.5 cm long, densely puberulent; pedicels slender, 7-16 mm long, puberulent; foliaceous bracts none; bractlets and prophylls linear, 2-11 mm long to 1 mm wide or subulate, puberulent. Flovers with the calyx pale yellowish- green changing to cream-color and then pure white, fading to yellow or pink, more or less pentagonal during anthesis, 1.8-2 cm long, puberulent, deeply 4-fid, the lobes broadly ovate, 8-10 mm wide, apically acute or short-acuminate; corolla hypocrateriform, dark-red to scarlet or crimson, the tube slender, ca. 2.5 cm long, the lobes wide-spreading or reflexed, 6-10 mm long and 3.5-4 mm wide. Fruit drupaceous, glossy-black with a brilliant red aril uniting the 4 pyrenes; fruiting calyx fading to rose-color.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Clerodendrum thomsonae Balf., Edinburgh New Philos. J., ser. 2, 15: 233. 1862.

    Arbustos o enredaderas, ramas tetragonales ligeramente sulcadas, puberulentas. Hojas opuestas, elípticas o elíptico-ovadas, 6–14 cm de largo y 2–6 cm de ancho, ápice agudo, base cuneada, márgenes enteros, ciliados; pecíolos 0.8–3.5 cm de largo, puberulentos. Inflorescencias cimosas axilares de 5–9 cm de largo, pedúnculos 2.6–6.5 cm de largo, puberulentos, pedicelos 0.7–1.6 cm de largo, puberulentas, brácteas y profilos linear-subulados de 2–11 mm de largo; cáliz 1.5–2 cm de largo, lobos de 1–1.8 cm de largo, blanco amarillento; corola con tubo delgado de 1–2.5 cm de largo, el limbo de ca 1 cm de ancho, puberulento-glandular, roja. Fruto negro brillante con un arilo rojo uniendo los pirenos, cáliz rojo a rosado.

    Cultivada; 0–100 m; fl ago, fr ago–dic; Coe 2288, Long 208; nativa del oeste de Africa.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    An almost glabrous climbing shrub

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    A large white calyx

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Bright crimson flowers.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Habit

    herb woody vine

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A west tropical African species, native from Senegambia to Congo, now cultivated for ornament throughout the world. It is widely escaped and nat- uralized in tropical countries of both hemispheres.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    lazo de amor mata vaine
    fucsia jamaiquina
    bleeding heart brinco de danea
    clematida cornell-flower
    southern bleeding-heart Thomson glorybower
    mil flores misteriosa
    Ala de angel arete de la india
    higrima de Cristo lagrimas de obando
    crendolindo Danish flag
    pasion de Cristo secreto de amor
    balao de San Jose bandera espafol

     Information From

    Lamiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).