Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.) I.M.Johnst.
  • Contr. Gray Herb.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.) I.M.Johnst. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000898356. Accessed on: 05 Dec 2020'

General Information

Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.) I.M. Johnst., Contr. Gray Herb. 68: 86. 1923; Jatropha aconitifolia Mill.; C. napeifolius (Desr.) Pohl; C. chayamansa McVaugh.

Arbustos o árboles, 3–8 m de alto, con tricomas urticantes esparcidos o ausentes excepto en los pecíolos y en los nervios de las hojas, ramitas sin espinas fuertes. Hojas 5–7 lobadas, 10–28 cm de largo y 14–36 cm de ancho, lobos oblongos a obovados, acuminados, fuertemente dentados y con frecuencia lobados nuevamente; pecíolos 15–25 cm de largo, con una glándula reniforme de 2–3 mm de ancho en el punto de unión con la lámina. Dicasios 15–30 cm de largo, con 8–20 flores pistiladas; flores estaminadas con cáliz 10–14 mm de largo, inerme, blanco-verdoso, filamentos unidos en una columna, anteras 1.5 mm de largo, estaminodios en la parte superior de la columna, 4–5 mm de largo; flores pistiladas con cáliz partido en segmentos lineares de 5–7 mm de largo, ovario pubescente e inerme, estilos 3–4 mm de largo, ramificados en segmentos delgados. Cápsula 8–12 mm de largo; semillas elípticas, obviamente comprimidas, 6–8.5 mm de largo y 4–5.5 mm de ancho.

Cultivada como ornamental y a veces espontánea, especialmente en la zona pacífica; 0–1000 m; Moreno 381, Robleto 703; nativa de México, ampliamente cultivada en Centroamérica, donde se usa como vegetal. Es una fuente importante de vitamina C. "Quelite".

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Tree or arborescent shrub ca 3-8 m high; glabrous, stinging hairs sparse or absent except on petioles and leaf veins. Leaves thinly chartaceous; petioles ca 15- 25 cm long, usually unarmed or nearly so; junction of petiole and blade with a single median dark reniform gland ca 2-3 mm wide; stipules very inconspicuous; blades as broad as or broader than long, usually 15-25 cm across and deeply cut, with 5 main lobes and 2 smaller basal lobes, the lobes oblong to obovate, often ? runcinate-pinnatifid, sharply toothed, acuminate. Dichasia terminal; peduncles ca 15-30 cm long, smooth or sometimes armed, the first branches opposite, the forks of dichasium compact, the inflorescence 3-6 cm across at anthesis, the axes of inflorescence densely and closely minutely pilose. Staminate flowers subsessile; perianth greenish-white, minutely pilose outside but usually unarmed, ca 10-14 mm long, the perianth tube distally dilated, 6-10 mm long, lobes roundish-oblong, 4-6 mm long; disc ca 1-1.5 mm across; stamens with filaments united for most of their lengths into a column, the outer ones 4-5 mm long, the inner 8-9(-12) mm long, the anthers ca 1.5 mm long; staminodes 3, 4-5 mm long. Pistillate flowers subsessile or on short pedicels 1-2 mm long; calyx-segments whitish, linear-oblong, deciduous, 5-7 mm long; disc similar to that of staminate flower; ovary pubescent, the styles 3-4 mm long, connate for 1 mm at base, 3-4-fid into narrow segments. Capsules unarmed, green, minutely rugose, 8-12 mm long; seeds elliptic, com- pressed, 6-8.5 mm long, 4-5.5 mm broad, pale to dark brown and mottled, the caruncle deltoid-cordate, 1.5-2 mm high, 2-2.8 mm broad.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Arbusto, 2–6 m, los tallos sin aguijones, las ramitas glabras o esparcidamente cubiertas por tricomas urticantes 0.7–3 mm. Hojas con el área glandular peciolar (casi confluente con la base de la lámina), ± reniforme, lisa; lámina 11–32 X 14–36 cm, los lóbulos enteros o (más frecuente) lobulados. Infls. con el pedúnculo hasta ca. 35 cm. Fls. estaminadas con el cáliz 10–14 mm. Frs. 1.2–1.8 cm.

  • Provided by: [B].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree shrub

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native probably to eastern Mexico according to McVaugh (The Mexican species of Jatropha, 13, Rubber Dev. Corp., 1943); widely cultivated in Central America as a hedgerow plant. The species is extensively grown in Panama, and at least one herbarium record (Hunter & Allen 672) suggests that it has become naturalized.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Euphorbiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International