Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv.
  • Ess. Agrostogr.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000899281. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2020'

General Information

Annual. Culms robust, erect, up to 150 cm, nodes glabrous. Leaf sheaths glabrous or pubescent, ciliate; leaf blades linear-lanceolate, 15–45 × 0.6–2 cm, usually glabrous; ligule 1–3 mm. Panicle dense, lobed, 6–40 × 0.5–5 cm, very variable, erect or pendent when mature; spikelets subtended by several bristles 1–5 times spikelet length; axis villous. Spikelets elliptic to ovate or subglobose, 2–3 mm, yellow, brown, orange or purple; lower glume 1/3–1/2 as long as spikelet; upper glume about as long as spikelet, 5–7(–9)-veined, obtuse; lower lemma equal to spikelet, 5–7-veined; lower palea absent or narrow, up to 1/2 as long as lemma; upper floret yellow or orange-yellow, oblong or ovate-oblong, cartilaginous, deciduous at maturity, finely rugose to smooth and shiny. Fl. and fr. summer to autumn. 2n = 18.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Vegetatively like the larger forms of no. 5 [Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv.], with lobulate infls, but with larger spikelets ca 3 mm, the fertile lemma smooth and shiny, disarticulating above the more persistent glumes and sterile lemma; sterile palea half as long as its lemma, which is usually shorter than the fertile lemma; 2n=18. Old-World cultigen, thought to be derived from no. 5, cult. for fodder or grain, and occasionally found as a weed nearly throughout our range."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Annual, culms erect, solitary to densely tufted, up to 1.5 m high. Leaf blades 150-450 mm long, 6-20 mm wide, leaves mainly cauline. Culm nodes glabrous. Spikelets 2.0-3.5 mm long. Panicle spike-like, 8-24 mm wide; spikelets disarticulating above glumes; lower glume 3-nerved; lower lemma smooth.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual 350-1500 mm high; leaves mainly cauline; culm erect, solitary to densely tufted, node glabrous. Leaf blade 150-450 x 6-20 mm, expanded, linear, glabrous, usually scabrid. Inflorescence 8-24 mm wide, spike-like; bristles 2-5, up to 15 mm long, slender, scabrid, purple or yellow. Spikelet 2.0-3.5 mm long; lower floret persistent, upper floret reluctantly disarticulating; lower glume 3-nerved; upper glume 5-7-nerved; lower floret usually reduced to a lemma, rarely with a minute palea; upper lemma smooth, shiny or rugulose; anther 0.5-1.0 mm long.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annual; up to 1.5 m high; solitary to densely tufted. Culm nodes glabrous; leaves mainly cauline. Leaf blades 150-450 x 6-20 mm. Flowers: panicle spike-like; 8-24 mm wide; spikelets 2.0-3.5 mm long; lower floret persistent; upper floret reluctantly disarticulating at maturity; bristles 2-5; antrorsely barbed; lower glume 3-nerved; upper glume 5-7-nerved; upper lemma smooth or rugulose; lower palea absent or very reduced.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    In gardens or cultivation and other disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Cultivated; often as an escape from cultivation, in gardens and other disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Dry Grassland. In gardens or cultivation and other disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to Asia.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Naturalised from Asia. Tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. L, LIM, G, M, FS, KZN, NC, WC, EC.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Native to Asia.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Mato Grosso

    Synonyms

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Poaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).