Vulpia bromoides (L.) Gray
  • Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Vulpia bromoides (L.) Gray. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000907315. Accessed on: 01 Jun 2020'

General Information

1. Vulpia bromoides (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 124 (1821).

Por R.W. Pohl.

Festuca bromoides L., Sp. Pl. 75 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Stace y Jarvis, 1985): Herb. A. van Royen (L-912.356-219).

Bromus dertonensis All., Festuca dertonensis (All.) Asch. et Graebner.

Tallos 20-65 cm, glabros. Vainas glabras; lígula 0.2-0.5 mm; láminas 3-7 cm x c. 1 mm, puberulentas. Panícula 2-12 cm. Espiguillas 7-10 mm, excluyendo las aristas; gluma inferior 2.3-4.3 mm, subulada; gluma superior 4.6-6.7 mm, lanceolada, 3-nervia; flósculos 4-7; lema inferior 5.5-7 mm, 5-nervia, escábrida, la arista 7-10 mm; pálea tan larga como la lema; antera 0.4-1.5 mm. 2n=14. Bordes de caminos y áreas abiertas perturbadas en bosques de neblina. Ch (Breedlove 9202, US); G (Smith 500, ISC); H (Pohl y Davidse 11985, ISC); ES (Pohl 12577, ISC); CR (Pohl y Davidse 10531, ISC). 1800-3100 m. (Nativa en Eurasia y África del Norte; naturalizada en el Nuevo Mundo, África del Sur, y otras partes del Viejo Mundo.)

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Plantas hasta ca. 60 cm, los tallos erectos a decumbentes.Hojas con lígula <1 mm; lámina 2.5–7(–8) cm × ca. 1 mm,puberulenta. Infl. 2–9.5 cm, verde. Espiguillas 7–10 mm;gluma inferior 2.3–4.3 mm, la superior 4.5–6.7; lemainferior 5.5–7 mm, glabra o escábrida, la arista 6–10 mm.

  • Provided by: [A].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    "Much like V. myuros, but with a longer first glume, this 3.5–5 mm, more than half as long as the second one; awn of the first lemma 3–12 mm; infl fully exserted from the sheath, its branches tightly erect-appressed; 2n=14. Native of Europe, now a cosmopolitan weed, only occasional with us. (Festuca b.; F. dertonensis; V. d.)"

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
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    Diagnostic Description

    There are many overlapping characters between this species and V. muralis and V. myuros, but V. bromoides can be distinguished by its longer lower glume and spikelets that are often almost perpendicular to the central axis.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Morphology

    Annual.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Culms 5–60 cm. high, loosely tufted or solitary, erect or geniculately ascending, slender.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaf-blades 1–18 cm. long and 0.5–3 mm. wide, flat or rolled, rough near the tip and on the margins, puberulous above.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Panicle lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 1–13 cm. long, loose or contracted, erect or nodding, long-exserted from the sheath.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 7
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    Spikelets oblong or wedge-shaped, 7–14 mm. long (excluding awns), 3–10-flowered, green or purplish; lower glume linear-lanceolate, 2–6 mm. long; upper glume subulate-lanceolate, 5–10 mm. long; lemmas 6–9 mm. long, scabrid, tipped with a scaberulous awn up to 12 mm. long; anther usually 1, 0.3–0.6 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Fig. 22.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Annual, up to 0.7 m tall. Leaves linear; ligule an unfringed membrane. Inflorescence a panicle, exserted from upper leaf sheaths. Spikelets 7-14 mm long (excluding awns), many-flowered; glumes unequal, shorter than spikelet, lower glume up to 3/4 as long as upper glume; lemmas tapering into an awn as long as lemma, straight, awn not basally twisted.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Annual, culms solitary or numerous and then loosely tufted, up to 0.6 m high. Leaf blades 100-200 mm long, 0.5-3.0 mm wide. Spikelets 7-14 mm long (excluding awns). Inflorescence 20-120 mm long, up to 15 mm wide, well exserted from uppermost leaf sheath; spikelets usually secund and often almost perpendicular to central axis; lower glume half to three-quarters as long as upper; upper glume 3-10 mm long, acute or shortly awned; callus of lemma rounded.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Annual to 70 m. Leaves linear. Spikelets usually secund, in a panicle exserted from leaf sheaths, glume awns shorter than 3 mm, calluses rounded.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Loosely tufted annual 50-600 mm high; culm solitary or numerous. Leaf blade 100-200 x 0.5-3.0 mm. Inflorescence 20-120 x 15 mm, well exserted from the uppermost leaf sheath; usually secund, spikelets often almost perpendicular to the central axis. Spikelet 7-14 x 2.1-3.5 mm (excluding awns), green or purple, 3-10 flowered; lower glume 1/2-3/4 as long as upper glume, linear-lanceolate; upper glume 3-10 mm long, acute or shortly awned, subulate- lanceolate, 3-nerved; lemma scabrid, tipped with a scaberulous awn up to 12 mm long; callus rounded; anther 0.3-0.6 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Annual; up to 0.6 m high. Culms solitary or many and then loosely tufted. Leaf blades 100200 x 0.5-3.0 mm. Flowers: panicle; open or contracted; 20-120 x 15 mm; well exserted from leaf sheaths; spikelets 7-14 mm long; excluding awns; usually secund and often almost perpendicular to central axis; lower glume 1/2-3/4 as long as upper; upper glume 3-10 mm long; acute or shortly awned; callus of lemma rounded.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    • 15
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    Habitat

    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    In weedy and disturbed rocky places such as roadsides and along streams.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    In weedy and disturbed rocky places such as roadsides and along streams.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Weedy and disturbed; rocky places such as roadsides and along streams.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Cosmopolitan weed scattered in South Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    worldwide weed.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Naturalised from Europe. Worldwide. M, FS, KZN, NC, WC, EC.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • São Paulo

    Synonyms

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Poaceae
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).