Vulpia myuros (L.) C.C.Gmel.
  • Fl. Bad.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Vulpia myuros (L.) C.C.Gmel. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000907427. Accessed on: 30 May 2020'

General Information

Culms erect or geniculately ascending, 20–70 cm tall, 3–4-noded, smooth. Leaf sheaths loosely overlapping, shorter or lower longer than internodes, smooth, glabrous; leaf blades involute, 7–11 cm × 1–2 mm, adaxial surface pubescent, abaxial surface smooth; ligule 0.2–0.5 mm, truncate. Panicle linear, 10–20 × 0.5–1 cm, loose to somewhat dense, mostly curved or nodding, base enclosed by uppermost leaf sheath or just exserted from it. Spikelets oblong or wedge-shaped, 8–10 mm (excluding awns), florets 4–7; lower glume minute, 1–3 mm, upper glume linear-lanceolate, 3–8 mm, apex acute; lemmas 5–7 mm, back scabrid, 5-veined, margins scabrid or ciliolate, apex acuminate; awn 1.3–1.8 cm. Stamen 1; anther 0.4–1 mm. Caryopsis reddish brown, ca. 4 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Jul. 2n = 42.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    2. Vulpia myuros (L.) C. Gmelin, Fl. Bad. 1: 8 (1805).

    Por R.W. Pohl.

    Festuca myuros L., Sp. Pl. 74 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Stace y Jarvis, 1985): Herb. A. van Royen (L-912.556-218).

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Plantas hasta ca. 75 cm, los tallos erectos a decumbentes.Hojas con lígula <1 mm; lámina 2–10 cm × ca. 1 mm, pu-berulenta. Infl. 5.5–20 cm, verde. Espiguillas 8–10 mm;gluma inferior 0.2–2 mm, la superior 3–4.5 mm; lemainferior 5.5–8 mm, ciliadas en los márgenes superiores, laarista 8–15 mm.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
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    "Erect or ascending annual 1–7 dm; blades slender, commonly involute, 0.5–3 mm wide, usually thinly hairy above; infl a contracted, often rather dense panicle or spike-like raceme 3–25 cm, often not fully exserted from the sheath, the branches variously erect to drooping; spikelets 3–7-fld, 5.5–12 mm (excl. awns); florets only loosely imbricate, the rachilla-joints ca 1 mm; glumes thin, glabrous, subulate, the first 1-veined and mostly 0.5–2.5 mm, the second 3-veined, at least twice as long, 2.3–5.5 mm; lowest lemma 4.5–7 mm, usually scabrous above, with an awn 7.5–22 mm; anther usually 1, under 1 mm; grains 3–4.5 mm; 2n=14, 42. Native of Europe, now a widespread weed in temp. and subtrop. regions. (Festuca m.; V. megalura, with ciliate-margined lemmas)"

  • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Diagnostic Description

    Distinguished from V. bromoides and V. muralis only by the key characters.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Panicle linear, 5–30 cm. long, loose to somewhat dense, mostly curved or nodding, enclosed below by the uppermost sheath, or just exserted from it.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaf-blades 2–15 cm. long and 0.5–3 mm. wide, flat or rolled, firm to flaccid, rough on the margins, puberulous above.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Spikelets oblong or wedge-shaped, 7–10 mm. long (excluding awns), 3–7-flowered, green or purplish; lower glume linear-lanceolate, 1–3 mm. long; upper glume subulate-lanceolate, 3–8 mm. long; lemmas 5–7 mm. long, scabrid, tipped with a scaberulous awn up to 15 mm. long; anther usually 1, 0.3–1 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Annual.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Culms 10–70 cm. high, tufted or solitary, erect or geniculately ascending, slender.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Annual, up to 0.7 m tall. Leaves linear; ligule an unfringed membrane. Inflorescence a panicle, not fully exserted from uppermost leaf. Spikelets 6-10 mm long (excluding awns), many-flowered; glumes unequal, shorter than spikelet, lower less than half as long as upper glume; lemmas tapering into awn 1-2 times as long, straight, not basally twisted.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Like V. bromoides but panicle partly enclosed in upper leaf sheath, lower glume always less than half a long as upper glume.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
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    Tufted annual 50-700 mm high; culms usually densely fascicled. Leaf blade 20-150 x 0.5-3.0 mm. Inflorescence 50-120 mm long, partially enclosed in uppermost leaf sheath; spikelets usually adpressed to the central axis. Spikelet 6-10 x 1.5-2.5 mm (excluding awns), green or purplish, 3-7-flowered; lower glume 0.5-2.0 mm long, usually scale-like, but can be to nearly 1/2 as long as upper glume; upper glume 3-6 mm long, acute, 1-3-nerved; lemma scabrid, awn up to 15 mm long, scaberulous; callus rounded; anther 0.3-1.0 mm long.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Annual; up to 0.7 m high; tufted. Culms usually densely fascicled. Leaf blades 20-150 x 0.5-3.0 mm. Flowers: panicle open; 50-120 mm long; partially enclosed in uppermost leaf sheaths; spikelets 6-10 mm long; excluding awns; usually appressed to central axis; lower glume 0.5-2.0 mm long; often scale-like or to nearly 1/2 as long as upper; upper glume 3-6 mm long; acute; callus of lemma rounded.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Habitat

    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Disturbed places in wet or damp areas but extending also to the more arid regions.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Disturbed areas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Disturbed places in wet or damp areas but extending also to more arid regions.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Distribution

    American weed found in W Cape, E Cape, Free State and KwaZulu-Natal.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    European weed.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Naturalised from western, central and southern Europe. Introduced worldwide in temperate regions. L, FS, KZN, NC, WC, EC.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Native to western; central and southern Europe.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina

    Synonyms

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Poaceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).