Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr.
  • Philipp. J. Sci., C


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000908055. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

1. Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr., Phillipp. J. Sci. 7: 230 (1912).

Por R.W. Pohl y G. Davidse.

Agrostis matrella L., Mant. Pl. 185 (1771). Lectotipo (designado por Goudswaard, 1980): India, König 56 (LINN-84.11).

Perennes estoloníferas, frecuentemente formando montículos laxos. Hojas glabras; lígula diminuta; láminas 2-8 cm x 0.5-2.8 mm, aplanadas a involutas. Racimo 1-4 cm, con 5-20 espiguillas. Espiguillas 2.4-2.8 mm, sin arista; gluma superior lanceolada como plegada; lema angostamente lanceolada, 1-nervia; anteras 1-1.4 mm. 2n=40. Cultivada para césped y a veces escapada. H-CR. 0-1200 m. (Nativa de Asia y las Islas del Pacífico; introducida en el Nuevo Mundo.)

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Perennial, stoloniferous, mat-forming, also with shallow underground rhizomes. Culms up to 20 cm tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous, bearded at mouth with 4–5 mm hairs; leaf blades flat or involute, tough, suberect to spreading, 3–8 cm, 1.5–2.5 mm wide, glabrous or adaxial surface thinly pilose, apex acute. Inflorescence linear, 2–4 × 0.2–0.3 cm, exserted above leaves; spikelets 10–30, loosely overlapping; rachis somewhat wavy; pedicels shorter than spikelet, 1–3 mm, widened at apex. Spikelets 2–3 × ca. 1 mm, yellowish brown or purplish brown; lower glume usually absent; upper glume lanceolate, 5-veined, midrib prominent, sometimes scabrous toward apex, lateral veins obscure, apex obtuse; lemma oblong-ovate, 2–2.5 mm, obscurely 3-veined, midvein sometimes shortly excurrent; palea lanceolate, 1/2 as long as lemma. Anthers 1–1.5 mm. Caryopsis ca. 1.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul–Oct. 2n = 20, 40.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Hierbas hasta ca. 15 cm, estoloníferas, que forman cojines densos.Hojas con la vaina glabra; lígula diminuta, una membrana ciliada; lámina1.5–8.5 cm × 0.5–3 mm, aplanada a involuta, glabra. Infl. terminal,solitaria, un racimo erecto, 1–4.5 cm. Espiguillas 2.4–2.9 mm, com-primidas lateralmente; desarticulación por debajo de las glumas; glumainferior ausente, la superior inconspicuamente 4 ó 5-nervada; flósculo 1,bisexual, oculto dentro de la gluma; lema no aristada; pálea generalmenteausente.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Included Variety

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Poaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).