Croton capitatus Michx.
  • Fl. Bor.-Amer.
  • Capitate or woolly croton, hogwort

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Croton capitatus Michx. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 08 Jul 2020'

General Information

Herbs, annual, 3–8 dm, monoecious. Stems well branched distally, stellate-hairy, hairs whitish to pale yellow, glabrescent. Leaves not clustered; stipules filiform, 2–5 mm; petiole 0.5–6 cm, glands absent at apex; blade ovate to lanceolate-elliptic, 3–8(–15) × 1–4 cm, base rounded to cuneate, margins entire, apex obtuse to acute or rounded, abaxial surface light green, not appearing brown-dotted, no stellate hairs with brown centers, adaxial surface darker green, both appressed stellate-hairy. Inflorescences bisexual, racemes or capitate, 1.5–3 cm, staminate flowers 5–15, pistillate flowers 3–6. Pedicels: staminate 0.5–1.5 mm, pistillate 0–1.5 mm. Staminate flowers: sepals 5, 0.8–1 mm, abaxial surface stellate-hairy; petals 5, linear-oblong-lanceolate, 0.8–1 mm, abaxial surface stellate-hairy; stamens 7–12. Pistillate flowers: sepals 6–9, equal, 7–10 mm to 15 mm in fruit, opening broadly and persistent after capsule dehiscence, margins entire, apex recurved, abaxial surface stellate-hairy; petals 0; ovary 3-locular; styles 3, 2–3 mm, 2–3 times 2-fid, terminal segments 12–18(–24). Capsules 7–9 × 5–6 mm, smooth; columella tipped with 3-pronged grappling hooklike appendage. Seeds 5 × 4.5–5 mm, shiny. 2n = 20.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Annual, to 1 m, sparingly and somewhat umbellately branched above; lvs narrowly triangular to oblong, lanceolate, or ovate-oblong, 4–10 cm, the principal ones with the blade rounded at base and less than twice as long as the petiole; fls in dense terminal infls 1–3 cm; staminate fls with 5 sep, 5 pet, and 10–14 stamens; pistillate fls apetalous, the 6–10 sep accrescent to 1 cm; styles 3, each 2–3 times dichotomous, the stigmas thus 12–24; 2n=20. Dry, usually sandy soil and waste places; O. to Ind. and Neb., s. to Fla. and Tex. Ours are var. capitatus."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Capitate or woolly croton, hogwort


     Information From

    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).