Croton cortesianus Kunth
  • Nov. Gen. Sp.
  • Cortez’s croton, palillo


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Croton cortesianus Kunth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000927736. Accessed on: 08 Jul 2020'

General Information

Shrubs, 10–30 dm, dioecious. Stems di- or trichotomously branched, stellate-hairy, young stems often blackened by fungus. Leaves not clustered; stipules rudimentary; petiole 1–1.5 cm, 1/6–1/3 leaf blade length, glands absent at apex; blade narrowly obovate, oblong, elliptic, or lanceolate, 3–10 × 1–5 cm, mostly less than 3.5 times as long as wide, base subacute to rounded, margins minutely denticulate, apex acute or acuminate, abaxial surface light green, densely ochraceous stellate-hispid when young, pale stellate-hairy when mature, adaxial surface darker green, glabrous. Inflorescences unisexual, racemes; staminate 7–20 cm, flowers 10–30; pistillate 1–5 cm, flowers 8–20(–30). Pedicels: staminate 0–1 mm, pistillate 0–0.5 mm. Staminate flowers: sepals 5, 2.5 mm, abaxial surface stellate-hairy; petals 5, oblong, 3 mm, abaxial surface glabrous except margins ciliate basally; stamens 12–16. Pistillate flowers: sepals 5, equal, 1–1.5 mm, margins entire, apex straight to slightly incurved, abaxial surface stellate-hispid; petals rudimentary; ovary 3-locular; styles 3, 4–5 mm, 2-fid, terminal segments 6. Capsules 5–6 × 4.5–5.5 mm, smooth; columella apex with 3 rounded, inflated lobes. Seeds 4–5 × 3–3.5 mm, shiny (with silvery sheen). 2n = 20.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Croton cortesianus Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 83. 1817; C. segoviarum Standl. & L.O. Williams. 

    Arbustos, 0.5–2 m de alto, ramitas jóvenes y pecíolos estrellado-hirsutos. Hojas elípticas o lanceoladas, 5–13 cm de largo y 2–6.5 cm de ancho, agudas a acuminadas en el ápice, obtusas a subcordadas en la base, márgenes enteros o inconspicuamente denticulados, glabras en la haz, estrellado-tomentosas en el envés, pinnatinervias; pecíolos 0.5–4 cm de largo, sin glándulas apicales, estípulas subuladas, 0.5–5.5 mm de largo, con glándulas apicales. Racimos unisexuales, terminales, los estaminados 5–20 cm de largo, los pistilados 1–4 cm de largo; flores estaminadas con pedicelos 1.5–3 mm de largo, sépalos valvados, elípticos, 2–2.3 mm de largo, agudos, pétalos espatulados, ca 2 mm de largo, vellosos en los márgenes, receptáculo velloso, estambres 12–20, filamentos hirsútulos en la base, anteras 0.8–1.1 mm de largo; flores pistiladas con pedicelos 1–2.5 mm de largo, sépalos valvados, lanceolados, 1.5–2 mm de largo, subiguales, pétalos ausentes, ovario estrellado-tomentoso, estilos bífidos, 3–5 mm de largo. Cápsula ca 5.5 mm de largo; semillas hinchadas, 4–5 mm de largo, lisas, carinadas.

    Común en sitios de vegetación alterada y en bosques deciduos en la zona norcentral; 500–1500 m; fl y fr mar–nov; Moreno 8341, 21263; sur de los Estados Unidos (Texas) a Nicaragua, alcanzando su límite sur de distribución en Estelí.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Cortez’s croton, palillo

     Information From

    Euphorbiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • G Botanic Gardens Conservation International