Salix cinerea L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 1021 (1753)
  • Saileach liath

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Salix cinerea L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 07 Jun 2023'

General Information

Shrubs to 5 m tall; bark dull gray. Branchlets densely gray tomentose. Buds brown, flattened oblong, gray tomentose. Stipules reniform or semiovate; petiole 5-7 mm; leaf blade long obovate or obovate-lanceolate, 4-10 × 1-1.5 cm, larger on shoots, abaxially densely gray tomentose, adaxially dull green or grayish green, base attenuate, margin shallowly serrulate, rarely entire, apex acute; lateral veins raised abaxially. Flowering precocious or coetaneous. Male catkin 1-2 cm; bracts brown, spatulate, long pubescent. Male flower: stamens 2, distinct, glabrous; glands adaxial. Female catkin 3-4 cm; bracts as in male catkin. Female flower: gland as in male flower; ovary long conical, densely gray tomentose; stipe rather long; style short; stigma divided. Fl. May, fr. May-Jun. 2n = 76.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, 3-7 m. Stems: branches brownish, not glaucous, pilose, villous, or tomentose to glabrescent, (peeled wood with striae to 62 mm); branchlets yellow-brown, pilose, velvety, or densely villous. Leaves: stipules rudi-mentary or foliaceous on early ones, foliaceous on late ones, apex acute or rounded; petiole convex to flat adaxially, 4-15 mm, tomentose adaxially; largest medial blade elliptic, broadly elliptic, oblanceolate, or obovate, 65-105 × 22-52 mm, 2-3 times as long as wide, base convex or cuneate, margins slightly revolute, entire, crenate, or sinuate, (glands submarginal), apex acuminate or convex, abaxial surface glaucous, tomentose, hairs erect or spreading, curly, adaxial dull or slightly glossy, pubescent or tomentose; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade yellowish green, sparsely to densely tomentose abaxially, hairs white. Catkins flowering before leaves emerge; staminate stout or subglobose, 26-39 × 12-26 mm, flowering branchlet 0-5 mm; pistillate densely flowered, stout or subglobose, 27-54(-75 in fruit) × 4-15 mm, flowering branchlet 1-5(-10) mm; floral bract dark brown, black, or bicolor, 2-3 mm, apex acute or convex, abaxially hairy, hairs straight. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong or ovate, 0.5-1 mm; filaments distinct, glabrous or hairy basally; anthers yellow or purple turning yellow, ellipsoid or shortly cylindrical, 0.7-1 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong or square, 0.4-1 mm, shorter than stipe; stipe 1.2-2.7 mm; ovary pyriform, long-silky, beak slightly bulged below styles; ovules 12 per ovary; styles 0.2-0.5 mm; stigmas slenderly or broadly cylindrical, 0.3-0.6 mm. Capsules 5-5.6 mm. 2n = 76.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    A European sp. with obovate to suborbicular lvs 5–13 x 2.5–5.5(–8) cm, apiculate to shortly acute, ± crenate-serrate and tomentose, with irregularly revolute margins, otherwise much like no. 23 [Salix discolor Muhl.], furnishes the pussy-willows of florists for Easter-decorations. It occasionally escapes about nurseries.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    With more tomentose, narrower lvs than S. caprea, acute at both ends, is similarly used and rarely escapes. The long prominent ridges on decorticated wood are distinctive.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    Ähnich wie S. caprea, aber auch 2jährige Zweige noch kraus behaart, Holz der 2–4jährigen Zweige unter der Rinde mit 1–2 cm langen, scharfen Längsrippen. Blätter 2–4mal so lang wie breit, grösste Breite in oder über der Mitte. Staubbeutel

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    3–4. Tümpel und Gräben, staunasse Böden, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Middle Europe Hungary
    • Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Saileach liathIrishIE
    Rusty willowEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    Salesch tschendrusRaeto-RomanceCH
    Grey sallowEnglishIE
    Saule cendréFrenchCH
    Crann sníomhthaIrishIE
    Crann sríomthaIrishIE
    Salice cinereoItalianCH
    Common sallowEnglishIE
    Grey willowEnglishIE
    Large gray or gray willow


     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Dendroflora of Hungary
    • E Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    • F
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2022. GlobalTreeSearch online database (version 1.6). Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, UK. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34206.61761 Available at Accessed on (15/06/2022).
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).