Salix babylonica L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Weeping willow

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Salix babylonica L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2020'

General Information

Trees to 18 m tall; bark grayish black, irregularly furrowed, Branchlets pendulous, brownish yellow, brownish, or slightly purple, slender, glabrous. Buds linear, apex acute. Stipules lanceolate or ovate-orbicular, those of shoots obliquely lanceolate; petiole (3-)5-10 mm; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 9-16 × 0.5-1.5 cm, abaxially light green, adaxially green, both surfaces glabrous or slightly pilose, base cuneate, margin serrate, apex long acuminate. Male catkin 1.5-2(-3) cm; peduncle short; bracts lanceolate, abaxially pilose. Male flower: glands 2; stamens 2, ca. as long as to longer than bracts, ± long pubescent at base; anthers reddish yellow. Female catkin 2-3(-6) cm, with 3 or 4 leaves on peduncle; bracts lanceolate, 1.8-2(-2.5) mm, abaxially pilose. Female flower: gland adaxial; ovary ellipsoid, glabrous or minutely pubescent proximally, sessile or subsessile; style short; stigma 2-4-parted. Capsule slightly greenish brown, 3-4 mm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Apr-May. 2n = 63, 72, 76.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stems: branches yellow-brown to red-brown; branchlets sparsely to moderately densely tomentose, especially at nodes. Leaves: stipules absent or rudimentary on early ones; petiole convex to flat or shallowly to deeply grooved adaxially, 7-9 mm, tomentose abaxially; largest medial blade lanceolate, narrowly oblong, or narrowly elliptic, 90-160 × 5-20 mm, 5.5-10.5 times as long as wide, base cuneate, margins flat, spinulose-serrulate or serrulate, apex acuminate, caudate, or acute, surfaces glabrous or sparsely short-silky, hairs straight, dull adaxially; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade reddish or yellowish green. Catkins (flowering just before leaves emerge); staminate 13-35 mm, flowering branchlet 1-6 mm; pistillate densely flowered, stout or subglobose, 9-27 × 2.5-7 mm, flowering branchlet (0-)2-4 mm; floral bract 1.1-1.8 mm, apex acute, rounded, or truncate, entire, abaxially sparsely hairy throughout or proximally, hairs wavy. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary 0.2-0.6 mm, adaxial nectary oblong or ovate, 0.4-0.7 mm, nectaries distinct or connate and cup-shaped; filaments distinct, hairy on proximal 1/2 or basally; anthers (sometimes reddish turning yellow), ellipsoid or globose. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, square, ovate, or obovate, 0.4-0.8 mm; ovary ovoid or obturbinate, beak (sometimes pilose proximally), slightly bulged below or abruptly tapering to styles; ovules 2-4 per ovary; styles distinct or connate 1/2 their lengths, 0.2-0.3 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded tip, or 2 plump lobes (almost capitate), 0.2-0.3 mm. Capsules 2-2.7 mm. 2n = 76.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Tree to 12 m, the cult. and escaped forms with long, slender, pendulous, olivaceous or yellow-brown, glabrous or subglabrous, basally brittle twigs; stipules lanceolate, 2–7 mm, or none; lvs lance-linear, 8–12 × 0.5–1.5 cm, mostly falcate, long-acuminate, finely but unevenly spinulose- serrulate, glabrous, yellowish-green above, ± glaucous beneath; petioles 7–12 mm, tomentose, often glandular above at the tip; catkins with the lvs, 1–2.5 (staminate to 4) cm, on peduncles 0.5–1.5 cm with 2–4 tiny lvs; scales pale yellow, crinkly-hairy, ± persistent; stamens 2; frs narrowly ovoid, 1.5-2.5 mm, sessile; style almost obsolete; stigmas brush-like (unique among our spp.); 2n=76. Native of China, sparingly escaped from cult. in our range."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Tree, up to 9 m high. Branches hanging vertically. Leaves tapering to a long-acuminate apex. Female flowers sessile.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    Spreading in marshy areas and along streams.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    Nativity uncertain, possibly China.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Weeping willow


     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).