A tree, in savannah, up to 30–50 ft high
Fruit slightly 3-lobed, about 1/2 in. diam.
Bark light or dark grey, finely to deeply longitudinally fissured.
A dioecious or sometimes monoecious shrub or spreading tree up to 25 m. tall, although more commonly 6–12 m. tall.
Male flowers: pedicels 4–10(–14) mm. long, densely stellate-pubescent; sepals 5, ovate, 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. broad, obtuse, stellate-pubescent without, pubescent within at the middle and towards the apex, pale green; petals 5, oblanceolate-oblong, 3.5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, obtuse, ± glabrous without, densely villous within and on the margin, pale yellow; disc-glands rounded, hairy; stamens 15–20, filaments 4 mm. long, villous in the lower half, anthers 1 mm. long; receptacle densely villous.
Racemes terminal, (7–)15–32 cm. long, up to 3 cm. wide, either all ♂ or all ♀, or mostly ♂ with a few ♀ flowers at the base, or sometimes half ♂ and half ♀ or mostly ♀ with a few ♂ flowers at the top, the ♂ flowers in clusters along the axis, the ♀’s usually solitary within the bracts, or with 1 ♀ flower accompanied by 1 or more ♂ flowers per cluster; axis densely stellate-strigose, or evenly or sparingly stellate-pubescent; bracts linear, 2–3(–5) mm. long, sparingly pubescent or subglabrous.
Fruit subtrilobed, rarely 4-lobed, often more particularly so at the apex, 8–9 mm. long, 8–10(–15) mm. wide, loculicidal, evenly stellate-pubescent-sublepidote.
Female flowers: pedicels 2–5(–8) mm. long, stouter than the ♂ pedicels, scarcely elongating in fruit, densely fulvous stellate-pubescent; sepals 5, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. broad, obtuse, evenly stellate-pubescent without, sparingly stellate-pilose within; petals 0, or, if present, linear and smaller than in the ♂ flowers; staminodes 0–1(–2), filament-like; disc-glands free, ± truncate; ovary trigonous, 2 mm. diameter, densely fulvous adpressed stellate-pubescent-sublepidote; styles 3(–4), spreading, 2.5 mm. long, pubescent at the base, otherwise glabrous, deeply bipartite, the lobes linear, sometimes bifid at the apex, 2 mm. long.
Young twigs sparsely, evenly or densely greyish ± adpressed stellate-pubescent, the hairs often with a projecting central ray.
Stipules linear or linear-subulate, 5–14 mm. long, entire or with a few subulate lateral lobes, sparingly stellate-pubescent or subglabrous, caducous.
Petioles 1.5–11 cm. long, usually sparingly stellate-pubescent, sometimes either densely so or almost glabrous; leaf-blade broadly ovate to elliptic-ovate, 4–15(–20) cm. long, 2.5–10(–13) cm. wide, obtusely or subacutely acuminate, rounded or cordate, with 2–4(–8) subsessile or stipitate discoid basal glands visible or not from above, crenulate-serrulate to subentire, thinly to firmly chartaceous, 5–7(–9)-nerved from the base, remaining lateral nerves 4–8(–11) pairs, usually fairly prominent beneath, densely fulvous (above) and greyish (beneath) stellate-pubescent at first, later becoming evenly or sparingly adpressed stellate-pubescent and dark green above, and evenly or sparingly greyish hirsute-stellate-pubescent beneath.
Seeds ellipsoid, 7 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, longitudinally rugulose, grey, somewhat shiny, with a large waxy caruncle 4.5 mm. long and 4 mm. wide.
Female flowers: pedicels 2–5 mm long, not or scarcely extending in fruit, stout, densely stellate-pubescent; sepals 5, 3–3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, ovate-lanceolate, evenly stellate-lepidote without, sparingly stellate-pubescent within, grey-green; petals 0 or 5, 0.5–1 mm long, linear to subulate, subglabrous; disk 5-lobed, the lobes truncate, pubescent; ovary 2 mm in diameter, trigonous or quadrangular, densely lepidote; styles 3–4, 3 mm long, spreading, 2-partite with the segments filiform-linear, minutely puberulous.
Fruits 0.8–1 × 0.8–1.5 cm, trilobate or quadrilobate, loculicidal or septicidal, densely to evenly scurfily stellate-pubescent, pale greyish-green.
Seeds 7 × 4 mm, ellipsoid, rugulose, grey; caruncle 4.5 × 4 mm, waxy.
Racemes up to 35 cm long, terminal, usually androgynous, sometimes male or female; bracts shorter than the stipules but otherwise resembling the stipules.
Male flowers: pedicels 0.5–1 cm long; sepals 5, 3 × 2–2.5 mm, ovate, stellate-lepidote without, pubescent within, pale green; petals 5, 3–3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, oblanceolate-oblong, subglabrous without, villous within and on the margin, pale creamy-yellow in colour; disk glands rounded, pilose; stamens 15–20, filaments 4 mm long, villous below, anthers c. 1 mm long; receptacle densely villous.
Leaf blades 6–18 × 4–14 cm, ovate, acuminate at the apex, shallowly crenate-serrate to subentire on the margins, cordate or subcordate at the base with a pair of shortly stipitate to subsessile basal discoid glands on the lower surface, chartaceous, sparingly appressed stellate-pubescent to fimbriate-lepidote above, and sparingly to densely so or patent stellate-tomentose beneath; 5–7-nerved from the base, lateral nerves in 4–9 pairs, ± prominent beneath.
Young twigs, petioles and inflorescence axes densely, evenly or sparingly greyish appressed or patent stellate-pubescent, later glabrescent and becoming dark grey-brown and lenticellate.
Stipules 5–7 mm long, linear to filiform-setaceous, soon falling.
Bole up to 1.8 m in circumference.
Bark smooth to closely reticulate, pale grey or greyish-brown, slightly corky.