Croton madandensis S.Moore
  • J. Linn. Soc., Bot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Croton madandensis S.Moore. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000931597. Accessed on: 05 Jul 2020'

Morphology

Twigs greyish-brown, sparingly white-lenticellate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Young growth scurfily patent-stellate-pubescent.

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    Stipules 3–4 mm long, filiform-subulate, soon falling.

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    A shrub or small tree up to 5 m tall.

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    Leaf blades 3.5–8 × 2–4 cm, ovate to elliptic-oblanceolate, shortly acuminate at the apex, entire or subentire, rarely irregularly crenate-serrate on the margin, shallowly cordate at the base, with a pair of long-stipitate or occasionally subsessile discoid glands at the base on the lower surface, membranous, evenly stellate-pubescent on both surfaces when juvenile, later only sparingly so; 3–5-nerved from the base, lateral nerves in 4–5 pairs, scarcely prominent beneath, not so above.

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    Petioles 0.5–3.5 cm long.

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    Male flowers: pedicels 2 mm long; sepals 5, 1.5 × 1 mm, ovate-oblong, evenly scurfily stellate-pubescent without, glabrous within, yellowish-green; petals 5, 2 × 0.75 mm, oblanceolate-spathulate, ciliate but otherwise ± glabrous, yellow; disk glands minute; stamens 15–16, filaments c. 1 mm long, ± glabrous, anthers 0.5 mm long; receptacle pilose.

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    Racemes 1–6.5 cm long, subterminal, usually androgynous; bracts minute.

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    Fruits 6 × 7 mm, shallowly trilobate-subglobose, septicidal, sparingly stellate-pubescent, pale green.

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    Female flowers: pedicels 2.5 mm long; sepals 5, 4 × 2 mm, accrescent to 7 × 3 mm, or not accrescent, oblong-lanceolate, evenly scurfily stellate-pubescent without, minutely puberulous within; petals 5, 1 mm long, subulate; disk rounded-pentagonal, flat, glabrous; ovary 2 mm in diameter, subglobose, densely fulvous stellate-tomentose; styles 3, 1.5 mm long, spreading, twice 2-partite or ± 4-partite or twice 3-partite with the segments linear-filiform, abaxially pubescent, adaxially glabrous.

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    Seeds 5 × 3.5 × 2.5 mm, compressed-ovoid, ± smooth, slightly shiny, light brown; caruncle 1.5 mm wide, flattened.

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    Shrub, up to 2 m high. Leaves ovate, margin entire, thinly chartaceous, sparsely pubescent. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    Woodland, streambanks.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
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      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Euphorbiaceae
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International