Croton punctatus Jacq.
  • Collectanea


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Croton punctatus Jacq. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000932104. Accessed on: 06 Jul 2020'

General Information

Croton punctatus Jacq., Collectanea 1: 166. 1787; C. maritimus Walter.

Arbustos, menos de 1 m de alto, ramitas algo suculentas, lepidotas. Hojas elípticas a ovadas, 2–4 cm de largo y 1.2–3 cm de ancho, agudas en el ápice, redondeadas a subcordadas en la base, márgenes enteros, estrellado-lepidotas en la haz, argénteo-lepidotas en el envés, 3–5-nervias en la base; pecíolos 0.7–2 cm de largo, sin glándulas apicales, estípulas ausentes. Racimos bisexuales, terminales, 1–2 cm de largo; flores estaminadas con pedicelos menos de 1 mm de largo, sépalos imbricados, obtusamente ovados a elípticos, 2.5 mm de largo, pétalos ausentes, receptáculo piloso, estambres 10–12, filamentos hirsútulos, anteras 0.8–0.9 mm de largo; flores pistiladas subsésiles, pedicelo hasta 1 mm de largo cuando en fruto, sépalos imbricados, ovados a triangulares, hasta 3–3.5 mm de largo, subiguales, enteros, pétalos ausentes, ovario densamente lepidoto, estilos 3 veces bífidos, 1.5–2 mm de largo. Cápsula 7–8 mm de ancho; semillas ovoides, 4.9–5.1 mm de largo, hinchadas, estrellado-pubescentes.

Común en las playas costeras de la zona atlántica; 0–5 m; fl y fr todo el año; Stevens 20104, 20819; este de los Estados Unidos a Panamá, también en las islas Bermudas y Cuba.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Hierba o subarbusto, a veces ± rastrero, 0.2–0.5 m, con indumento de tricomas escamiformes; ramitas lepidotas; estípulas nulas. Hojas alternas, el pecíolo eglandular; lámina 1–5 X 0.5–3 cm, elíptica a oblonga, redondeada a subcordada en la base, generalmente redondeada u obtusa en el ápice, no lobulada, entera, argénteo-lepidota en el envés, pinnadamente nervada. Infls. espigadas, 2–5 cm; bractéolas lineares, muy pronto deciduas. Fls. estaminadas sin pétalos; estambres 10–12. Fls. pistiladas subsésiles o con pedicelo hasta ca. 1 mm; sépalos 5, enteros; estilos separados, con 8 brazos cada uno. Frs. 0.3–0.7 cm.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrub with spreading, flexible more or less succulent branches, less than 1 m high; monoecious; twigs with dense indumentum of lepidote (but deeply lobed) scales. Leaves thickish; stoutish lepidote petioles 7-20 mm long, the petiolar glands and stipules absent; blades flexible-leathery, elliptic to more commonly ovate, ca 2-4 cm long, 1.2-3 cm broad, greenish and closely stellate-lepidote above (the scales ca 0.3-0.5 mm wide, with the 10-15 radii barely fused at base), pale and silvery- lepidote beneath (the densely overlapping scales ca 0.6-0.7 mm wide with ca 15-20 radii united 1/4 to 1/3 their length); blades 3-5-nerved at base, the other veins com- pletely indistinct, the base rounded to subcordate, the margins entire, the apex acute. Inflorescences terminal, bisexual (reduced ones sometimes unisexual), dis- tinctly pedunculate, ca 1-2 cm long, with 1 (rarely 2) basal female flower and a pedunculate terminal capitulum of ca 4-6 male flowers; bracts stellate-lepidote, caducous and inconspicuous, not over ca 1 mm long. Staminate flowers subsessile or with short stout pedicels less than 1 mm long; calyx-lobes 5, imbricate, ovate to elliptic, obtuse, lepidote on the back, villose on the margins, ca 2.5 mm long and 1.2-1.6 mm broad; receptacle pilose; petals absent; stamens 10-12, the filaments hirsutulous, up to 1.5 mm long, the anthers elliptic, 0.8-0.9 mm long, the con- nectives pustulate. Pistillate flowers subsessile, the stout pedicel only ca 1 mm long in fruit (fruits superficially appearing pedunculate when at the end of the inflorescence peduncle); calyx-lobes 5, subequal, imbricate, ovate to triangular, lepidote, entire, becoming 3-3.5 mm long, 1.8-2.3 mm broad; disc annular, adnate to the base of the calyx, 2.8-3.2 mm wide; petals absent; ovary densely lepidote (scales with ca 12-20 radii connate less than 1/3 their lengths, ca 0.5-0.9 mm wide), the styles free, spreading, 3 times bifid, stellate-lepidote below, ca 1.5-2 mm long. Capsules subglobose, 3-lobed, stellate-lepidote, ca 7-8 mm broad, the columella apically dilated-alate, ca 4-4.5 mm long; seeds plump, ovoidal, grayish or silvery with brownish spots or mottling, sparsely and deciduously stellate, 4.9-5.1 mm long, 3.9-4.2 mm broad, the caruncle massive, convex, subentire, ca 2.5 mm wide.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrub

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Deep sand on marine beaches, North Carolina south to Panama, with out- liers in Bermuda and Cuba.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Euphorbiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).