Croton pungens Jacq.
  • Icon. Pl. Rar.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Croton pungens Jacq. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000932106. Accessed on: 06 Jul 2020'

General Information

Shrub or tree 1-5(-20?) m high; monoecious; young twigs with hispidulously stellate-tomentose indumentum. Leaves thinly chartaceous; petioles hispidulous- tomentose, (1-)2-6 cm long, the glands at apex of petiole 2-4, patelliform, dis- tinctly stalked, 0.4-0.8 mm across (stalk ca 0.7-1.5 mm long); stipules linear to subulate, 1.5-4 mm long, sparsely stellate; blades ovate, ca 5-15 cm long, 2-10 cm broad, greenish above and rather sparsely pubescent with scattered oligoradiate stellate or short-stalked dendritic hairs, whitish-tomentose beneath with multiradi- ate dendritic hairs (ca 0.4-0.8 mm across), 5-7-nerved at base, with 3-6 additional veins on either side, the veinlet reticulum rather prominent beneath, the base usually cordate, the margins entire to finely denticulate, the apex abruptly acumi- nate. Inflorescences terminal (sometimes pseudoaxillary), bisexual or sometimes staminate, racemiform, (3-)10-22 cm long; bisexual inflorescences with 1-15 proximal hermaphriditic cymules, distal cymules male; bracts lanceolate, acute to, acuminate, tomentose, ca 1-3 mm long, each subtending several flowers. Staminate flowers with hispidulous-tomentose pedicels 3-8 mm long; calyx-lobes 5, triangular, stel- late-tomentose, 2.2-2.5 mm long, 1.1-1.5 mm broad; receptacle densely villose; petals obovate, 2.3-2.9 mm long, 1-1.3 mm broad, glabrous except for the minutely ciliate margins; stamens 27-43, the filaments 2.5-3 mm long, glabrous and +- papil- lose, the anthers elliptic, 0.7-1 mm long. Pistillate flowers subsessile, the stout pedicels even in fruit only 1-2 mm long; calyx-segments 5, ? unequal, oblong to linear-lanceolate, valvate, 2.5-3.7 mm long, 0.7-1.6 mm broad, stellate-tomentose on both faces; disc obscure; petals (staminodia?) antheriform, callose, swollen, ca 0.3-0.4 mm long; ovary closely tomentose with tawny stellate hairs, the styles free, bifid, copiously stellate-pubescent, ca 4-4.5 mm long, divided more than l/2 way to the base. Capsules obovoid, ca 6.5-7.5 mm long, yellowish, closely stellate- scurfy, the columella slender, apically 3-pronged, ca 5.5-6 mm long; seeds plump, dull to blackish brown, rugose-costate, 5.1-5.7 mm long, 3.6-4.1 mm broad, the caruncle ovate, ca 1.5 mm wide.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Arbusto o árbol, 1.5–17 m, con indumento híspido de tricomas estrellados; ramitas hispídulas; estípulas 0.1–0.4 cm, lineares a subuladas, enteras. Hojas alternas, el pecíolo con 2–6+ glándulas pediculadas en el ápice; lámina 6–18 X 2.5–9 cm, ovada, cordada en la base, acuminada a caudada en el ápice, no lobulada, dentada o entera, pubescente en el envés, palmadamente nervada. Infls. racemosas, 14–40 cm; bractéolas desconocidas. Fls. estaminadas con pétalos; estambres 25–45. Fls. pistiladas sésiles o subsésiles; sépalos 5, enteros; estilos separados, con 2 brazos cortos cada uno. Frs. 0.5–0.8 cm.

  • Provided by: [B].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrub or tree

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Montane forests, Costa Rica to Venezuela, Peru, and Brazil; in Panama occur- ring above 1000 m.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Euphorbiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International