Galium spurium L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Gaillet bâtard


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Galium spurium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000970236. Accessed on: 27 Nov 2021'

General Information

Herbs, annual, procumbent or climbing, 30-50 cm tall. Stems 4-angled, 0.5-2.5 mm in diam., ± branched from base, retrorsely aculeate on angles, glabrescent to pilose at nodes. Leaves at middle stem region in whorls of 6-8, subsessile; blade drying papery, narrowly oblanceolate to narrowly oblong-oblanceolate, 5-40 × 1-5(-8) mm, usually pilosulous or hispidulous adaxially, retrorsely aculeolate along midrib abaxially and along margins, base acute, margins flat to thinly revolute, apex acute and shortly mucronate; vein 1. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, cymes 2- to several flowered; axes glabrous to aculeolate; bracts leaflike or none, 1-5 mm; peduncles 1-4 cm; pedicels 0.5-15 mm, finally elongating and often curved directly under fruit. Ovary subglobose, 0.3-0.5 mm, with uncinate trichomes or glabrous. Corolla yellowish green or white, rotate, 1-1.5 mm in diam., lobed for 2/3 or more; lobes 4, triangular to ovate, acute. Mericarps subglobose to broadly kidney-shaped, 1-3 mm in diam., glabrous or often densely covered with uncinate trichomes 0.1-1 mm from straight bases. Fl. Mar-Jul, fr. Apr-Nov.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Annual, weak herb; stem scabrulous-glabrous, quadrangular. Leaves 4-6 in a whorl, elliptic, lanceolate or oblanceolate, 1-3 (-5) x 0.5-1 cm, obtuse or rarely acute, midrib and margin retrorsely aculeolate, margin ± revolute, petiole ± absent. Inflorescence of axillary and terminal cymes; branches distantly divaricate, 1-7-flowered; peduncle and pedicel mostly straight, the later c. 5 mm long, sometimes sharply bent just under the fruit. Corolla white or greenish yellow, glabrous, c. 1 mm long, lobes ovate, obtuse. Fruit didymous, glabrous or hairy, 2-3 mm long, black when ripe.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Morphology

    Cocci of fruit 1–3 mm. in diameter, glabrous or hairy.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Calyx-tube 0.5–0.65 mm. long, 0.8–1.1 mm. wide, hairy or glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Corolla greenish white, white, green or yellowish, 1–2 mm. wide; tube 0.3–0.4 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.7–1.1 mm. long, 0.5–0.6 mm. wide.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves and stipules in whorls of 6–8; blades linear-lanceolate or linear-oblanceolate, 1–4(–4.7) cm. long, 1–3(–6) mm. wide, with a filiform acumen at the apex, cuneate at the base; margins and midvein with coarse recurved prickles, making the whole plant harshly adhesive.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Cymes 1–9-flowered, but sometimes with many of the fruits borne on apparent unbranched peduncles arising from nodes of the main stem or main branches; peduncles and pedicels 0–3.2(–3.7) cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Weak scrambling herb 0.3–1.8 m. long, with prickly but otherwise glabrous stems.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ähnlich wie G. aparine, aber Stängel nur 10–40(–75) cm, Blätter nur 1–3 mm breit, Blüten grüngelb bis weisslich, Durchmesser nur 0,7–1,5 mm, Reife Früchte nur 1,5–3 mm hoch, glatt oder hakig-borstig, Hakenborsten nicht auf Papillen sitzend (

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Straggling, prickly annual ± 2 m. Leaves in whorls of 6-8, lanceolate-ovate, margins prickly. Flowers 1-4 in axils, anthers subsessile, ovary prickly, whitish.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Straggling annual, up to ± 2 m long, with recurved prickles on angles of stem. Leaves in whorls of 6-8, linear-lanceolate to obovate, midvein and margin prickly. Flowers 1-4 in leaf axils, anthers subsessile, ovary prickly, greenish to whitish.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    5–10. Hecken, Äcker, Schuttplätze, kollin-montan(-subalpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Forest margins and stream banks.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Among boulders, forest margins and stream banks.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Namaqualand to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Bokkeveld Plateau to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Gaillet bâtardFrenchCH
    Caglio campestreItalianCH
    Rieua champestraRaeto-RomanceCH
    Falsches Kletten-LabkrautGermanCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Rubiaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).