Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br.
  • Hortus Kew.
  • Lus taghla


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000976561. Accessed on: 14 Apr 2021'

General Information

Plants slender to robust, 20-60 cm tall. Tubers ovoid, 1-3.5 cm, with many short, slender lobes. Stem stout, with 2 or 3 tubular sheaths at base and 3-5 cauline leaves. Leaves widely spaced or clustered, linear-lanceolate, narrowly oblong, or lorate, 5.5-20 × 0.8-2(-2.5) cm, apex acuminate to subobtuse. Inflorescence 11-26 cm, slender; peduncle with 1 to a few scattered, lanceolate bracts 1.5-6 cm; rachis 4-12 cm, densely many flowered; floral bracts lanceolate, often longer than ovary and flower, apex long acuminate-caudate. Flowers fragrant, pink, rarely pinkish white; ovary 5-8 mm including pedicel. Dorsal sepal broadly elliptic to broadly ovate-elliptic, 3.5-5 × 3-4 mm, 3-veined, slightly concave, apex acute; lateral sepals reflexed, obliquely ovate, 4-5.5 × 3-4 mm, 3-veined, margin revolute, apex acute. Petals obliquely ovate-triangular, 3.5-5 × 3-4 mm, 3-veined, apex acute; lip spreading, broadly cuneate-obovate, 4-5 × 4-5 mm, 3-lobed at apex; lateral lobes elliptic to broadly ovate, 1.8-3 mm wide, apex obtuse or occasionally truncate; mid-lobe triangular, 1-2 mm wide, usually smaller than lateral lobes, apex obtuse to acute; spur pendulous, curved forward, 10-14 mm, exceeding ovary, slender. Column 1-1.5 mm; viscidia linear-oblong. Fl. Jul-Aug. 2n = 30, 40, 42, 80, 100, 120.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stängel 20–50 cm hoch, beblättert. Blätter lanzettlich, 5–20 mm breit, aufrecht, etwas rinnig. Blütenstand bis 15 cm lang, zylindrisch, dichtblütig. Blüten violettrot oder lila bis weisslich, wohlriechend. Seitliche äussere Perigonblätter ab

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    5–6. Feuchte Wiesen, lichte Wälder, trockene Weiden und Rasen, kollin-subalpin(-alpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Synonyms

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Lus taghlaIrishIE
    Fragrant orchidEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Gimnadenia sparunadaRaeto-RomanceCH
    Lus taighteIrishIE
    Orchis moucheronFrenchCH
    Langspornige HandwurzGermanCH
    Manina roseaItalianCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Orchidaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).