Sanguisorba officinalis L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 116 (1753)
  • Great burnet

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Sanguisorba officinalis L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 05 Jun 2023'

General Information

Herbs perennial, 30–120 cm tall. Rootstock brown or purple-brown, robust, usually fusiform, rarely terete, cross section yellow-white or purple. Stems erect, angular, glabrous, or base pilose or sparsely glandular hairy. Radical leaves: stipules brown, membranous, glabrous or abaxially sparsely glandular hairy; petiole long, glabrous or sparsely glandular, base sheathing and imbricate, sometimes sparsely glandular hairy; leaf blade with 4–6 pairs of leaflets; leaflets petiolulate, green on both surfaces, ovate, oblong-ovate, fasciated oblong, or fasciated lanceolate, 1–7 × 0.5–3 cm, base cordate to broadly cuneate, margin coarsely obtusely or rarely acutely serrate, both surfaces glabrous or abaxially sparsely pilose; cauline leaves: stipules large, semiovate, herbaceous, margin acutely serrate; leaflets shortly petiolulate or sessile, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, base subcordate to rounded, apex acute. Inflorescences erect, spicate, ellipsoid, cylindric, or ovoid, usually 1–6 × 0.5–1 cm, flowering from apex to base; rachis glabrous or occasionally sparsely glandular hairy; bracts lanceolate, shorter than or nearly equaling sepals, membranous, abaxially pilose, apex acuminate to caudate. Sepals 4, purple, red, pink, or white, elliptic to broadly ovate, abaxially pilose, with faint longitudinal midvein, usually with shortly acute apex. Stamens 4; filaments filiform, 0.5–1 × as long as sepals, exserted beyond them or not. Ovary glabrous or puberulous; stigma dilated, discoid, margin fimbriate-papillate. Fruiting hypanthium longitudinally 4-ribbed. Fl. and fr. Jul–Nov.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants 3–20 dm. Leaves: blade 5–40 cm, leaflets (7–)11–15, orbiculate to ovate, to 7 × 5 cm, lengths 1.5–2.5 times widths, base cuneate, truncate, rounded, or cordate, without stipels. Spikes 50–250-flowered, ellipsoid or ovoid, main 1.5–3 cm, flowering basipetal. Flowers: calyx lobes dark purple, midveins not thickened distally; stamen lengths ± equal to hypanthium lobes, filaments 1.5–2.5 mm, filiform throughout. 2n = 56, 112.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Much like no. 1 [Sanguisorba canadensis L.]; stems to 1 m; spikes thickly ellipsoid to short-cylindric, 1–3 cm; stamens equaling or shorter than the purple-brown sep, with filiform red filaments; 2n=28, 56. Native of Eurasia, rarely escaped from cult.

  • Provided by: [A].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    30–100 cm hoch. Blätter einfach gefiedert, mit 7–15 Fiederpaaren. Teilblätter 5–10 mm lang gestielt, herzeiförmig, grob gezähnt, oberseits grasgrün, glänzend, unterseits graugrün. Blüten dunkel-braunrot, in dichten, kugeligen bis länglich-eiförmige

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    6–9. Feuchte Wiesen, Flachmoore, kollin-subalpin(-alpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    SELECTED REFERENCE Nordborg, G. 1963. Studies in Sanguisorba officinalis L. Bot. Not. 116: 267–288.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland


    Nationally Preferred Names

    Great burnetEnglishIE
    Lus an uille mórIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Great burnet, burnet-bloodwort
    Stalivetta ufficinalaRaeto-RomanceCH
    Pimprenelle officinaleFrenchCH
    Clabhrus mórIrishIE
    Grosser WiesenknopfGermanCH
    Salvastrella maggiore, MeloncelloItalianCH


     Information From

    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • E All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    IUCN 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. ISSN 2307-8235
    • G See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).