Rubus occidentalis L.
  • Species plantarum, edition 1
  • Black raspberry, framboisier noir

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Rubus occidentalis L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 30 Nov 2020'

General Information

Shrubs, 5–25 dm, armed. Stems ?biennial?, erect, ?primocanes and floricanes later over-arching?, glabrous or sparsely puberulent, eglandular, strongly pruinose; prickles sometimes sparse, erect or hooked, narrow to stout, 4–8 mm, narrow- to broad-based. Leaves deciduous, ternate or palmately compound; stipules filiform, 5–10 mm; ?petiole usually armed with prickles; petiolules of terminal leaflets also sometimes armed; lateral leaflets sessile or subsessile?; leaflets 3(–5), terminal ovate to lanceolate, 5–14 × 3–11 cm, base rounded to cordate, unlobed or laterals sometimes lobed, margins finely to doubly serrate, apex acute, abaxial surfaces sometimes with hooked prickles on midveins, densely white-canescent to tomentose, eglandular. Inflorescences (2–)3–7(–20)-flowered, cymiform or umbelliform. Pedicels: prickles erect, hooked, puberulent to pubescent, eglandular. Flowers bisexual; petals ?initially erect, later ascending?, white, narrowly obovate to elliptic, 5–10 mm, ?apex sometimes emarginate?; filaments laminar; ovaries tomentose. Fruits usually dark purplish to black, rarely amber, ?pruinose, aromatic?, depressed-globose, 1–1.5 cm; drupelets 20–50, coherent, separating from torus. 2n = 14.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Stems erect or ascending, or sometimes arching and rooting at the tip, not glandular, strongly glaucous at least the first year, sparsely beset with stout, straight or hooked prickles with expanded base, as are also the petioles and especially the pedicels; lfls mostly 3, or 5 on the primocanes, the intermediate pair then adjacent to the lower; uppermost lvs of the floricane often simple; terminal lfl broadly ovate, rounded or subcordate at base, sharply, deeply and irregularly serrate; lower lfls similar but smaller and narrower; all lfls thinly gray-tomentose beneath; fls 3–7 in a dense, umbelliform cyme, often also 1 or 2 from the upper axils; pet white, shorter than the sep, narrowly obovate, at first erect, soon deciduous; fr purple-black (yellowish), with narrow belts of white tomentum between the drupelets, 1 cm thick, separating as a unit from the persistent receptacle; 2n=14. Dry or moist woods, fields, and thickets; Que. to N.D. and e. Colo., s. to Ga. and Ark. May, June. Also cult. in many cultivars. Hybridizes with no. 7 [Rubus idaeus L.]."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Black raspberry, framboisier noir


     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).