Prunus domestica L.
  • Species plantarum, edition 1
  • European plum, prunier damas


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Prunus domestica L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000984349. Accessed on: 31 May 2020'

General Information

7. Prunus domestica L., Sp. Pl. 475 (1753). Lectotipo: no designado. Ilustr.: Wu et al., Fl. China Ill. 9: 164, t. 3 (2004). N.v.: Ciruela.

Por J.A. Pérez-Zabala.

Prunus communis Huds., P. domestica L. subsp. oeconomica (Borkh.) C.K. Schneid., P. oeconomica Borkh.

Árboles de tamaño pequeño hasta 10 m, el tronco robusto o en algunos casos de apariencia arbustiva; corteza lisa, semibrillante, grisácea. Extensiones vegetativas (ramitas) más recientes 3-4 mm de ancho en la base, las más nuevas de 0.7-1 mm, muy angulosas, con 7-8 hojas en cada unidad de extensión, glabras o pubérulas cuando jóvenes, frecuentemente rojizas; lenticelas 0.1-0.3 mm de diámetro, redondeadas, no protuberantes, medianamente densas; catafilos 4-5 × 1-1.5 mm, deltoides o estrechamente deltoides, glabros. Hojas (2-)4-8(-10) × (1.3-)1.7-3.5(-4) cm, 1.5-2.1 veces más largas que anchas, elípticas, ovado-elípticas (ovado-lanceoladas), obovadas, simétricas, membranosas hasta cartáceas, las hojas jóvenes elíptico-obovadas, el haz opaco, aplanado a ligeramente buliforme (más frecuentemente en hojas de individuos juveniles), el envés opaco, aplanado, la nervadura broquidódroma, algunas veces con apariencia eucamptódroma, la vena media c. 0.3 mm de ancho, ligeramente deprimida en el haz y prominente en el envés, las nervaduras secundarias 5-7, formando ángulos de 30-45 grados con la vena media, impresas en el haz, aplanadas o ligeramente hundidas en el envés, con axilas invaginadas, principalmente las más basales, algunas de estas con tricomas protegiendo los domacios, el haz glabro (a veces con escamas esparcidas), el envés esparcidamente pubérulo especialmente sobre la vena media y el inicio de las secundarias, las hojas jóvenes generalmente pubérulas principalmente sobre las nervaduras, la base cuneada hasta decurrente, los márgenes dentados o crenados, no cartilaginosos, el ápice agudo, brevemente acuminado hasta obtuso; glándulas foliares 2-4, c. 0.5 mm de diámetro, ciatiformes, ligeramente prominentes, formando los primeros 1-3 pares de dientes marginales; estípulas 4-5 × 0.5-0.7 mm, 0.3-0.5 mm en la cicatriz, tempranamente deciduas, libres, subuladas, pubérulas, con márgenes dentados y glandulosos, membranosas; pecíolo 2-5 × 0.4-0.5 mm, ligeramente sulcado adaxialmente, aplanado lateralmente, glabro o esparcidamente piloso. Ramas florales de racimos comprimidos con apariencia de fascículos hasta con 3 flores o reducidas a 1 flor, solitarias o en pares en la base de ramas laterales cortas, relativamente rígidas; brácteas basales 1-1.3 × 1-1.5 mm, deltoides; brácteas 1-1.3 × 1-1.5 mm, ampliamente ovadas, apicalmente trilobadas, cuculadas, persistentes durante el desarrollo floral, glabras; pedicelo 8-15 × 0.4-0.8 mm, ligeramente pubérulo, anguloso; hipanto 2-3 × 4-5 mm, campanulado, glabro o pubérulo externamente, velloso internamente; sépalos 2-4 × c. 1.5 mm, oblongo-lanceolados, denticulados, reflexos en las flores maduras, el ápice obtuso, glabros o ligeramente pubérulos externamente, pubérulos internamente; pétal

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Trees 6–15 m tall. Branches reddish brown, unarmed or with a few spines, glabrous; branchlets pale red to grayish green, sparsely pubescent. Winter buds reddish brown, usually glabrous. Stipules linear, margin glandular, apex acuminate. Petiole 1–2 cm, densely pubescent; leaf blade dark green, elliptic to obovate, 4–10 × 2.5–5 cm, abaxially pubescent, adaxially glabrous or sparsely pubescent on veins, base cuneate to occasionally broadly cuneate and with a pair of nectaries, margin remote crenate, apex acute to obtuse; secondary veins 5–7 on either side of midvein. Flowers solitary or to 3 in a fascicle, on apex of short branchlets, 1–1.5 cm in diam. Pedicel 1–1.2 cm, glabrous or pubescent. Hypanthium outside pubescent. Sepals ovate, outside pubescent, margin entire, apex acute. Petals white or occasionally greenish, obovate, base cuneate, apex rounded to obtuse. Drupe red, purple, green, or yellow, usually globose to oblong, rarely subglobose, 1–2.5 cm in diam., often glaucous; endocarp broadly ellipsoid, pitted. Fl. Mar, fr. Sep.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees, sometimes suckering, 20–60(–100) dm, not or slightly thorny. Twigs with axillary end buds, usually hairy, sometimes glabrous. Leaves deciduous; petiole 6–20 mm, glabrous or hairy on adaxial surface or both surfaces, eglandular or glandular distally or on margins at bases of blades, glands 1–3; blade elliptic to obovate, (2.5–)4–7(–9) × 1.5–5 cm, base cuneate to obtuse, margins singly to doubly crenate-serrate, teeth blunt, glandular, apex usually acute to abruptly acuminate, sometimes obtuse, abaxial surface hairy (especially along veins), adaxial glabrous or midribs hairy. Inflorescences solitary flowers or 2-flowered fascicles. Pedicels (2–)10–20 mm, glabrous or hairy. Flowers blooming before or at leaf emergence; hypanthium cupulate, 3–5 mm, glabrous externally; sepals spreading to reflexed, ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, 3.5–6 mm, margins glandular-toothed, ?ciliate?, surfaces glabrous or hairy; petals white, oblong to suborbiculate, 7–14 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes blue-black (green, yellow, or red in cultivars), ellipsoid to globose, 15–35 mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy; stones ovoid to ellipsoid, strongly flattened. 2n = 48.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Much-branched shrub or small tree, usually with thorny branches; lvs oblanceolate to obovate, 4–7 cm, obtuse to broadly rounded above, narrowed to rounded at base, hairy beneath, sometimes eventually glabrous; fls only 1 or 2(3) in a cluster, 2 cm wide; fr dark blue to black, 2–3 cm, the stone subglobose, scarcely keeled, adherent to the flesh; 2n=48. A European cultigen, thought to be derived by hybridization of P. cerasifera with P. spinosa, occasionally escaped from cult. along roadsides and fence- rows in our range. Most of our plants are ssp. insititia (L.) C.K. Schneid., the bullace or Damson-plum, as described above. (P. insititia) Less often we have ssp. domestica, the common plum, more arborescent, generally unarmed, with larger fr 4–7 cm, and a compressed, keeled stone that often separates from the flesh."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    European plum, prunier damas

     Information From

    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Rosaceae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).