Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000995790. Accessed on: 15 Jul 2020'

Morphology

Fruit 5–8 x 8–12 mm., transversely ellipsoid, broader than long, slightly didymous and thus appearing as if 2-locular, dry, usually glabrous, red to purplish-brown.

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    Stamens 25–35; filaments c. 1·5 mm. long, glabrous; anthers didymous, 0·5–1·0 mm. long.

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    Ovary ± ovoid, sparsely longhaired; style c. 1·5 mm. long, sparsely haired; stigma peltate, slightly 2-or 3-lobed.

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    Calyx-tube ± cyathiform, (3·0)3·5–4·0(5·0) mm. in diameter at the mouth, rather fleshy, glabrous outside, usually hairy inside; calyx-lobes 1–1·5 mm. long, triangular, glabrous except for the ciliate apex.

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    Petals up to 2 mm. long, creamy-white, elliptic to oblong, reflexed, hairy abaxially especially towards their margins and sometimes adaxially also.

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    Perianth (4)5(6)-merous, sometimes irregularly so.

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    A much-branched evergreen tree c. 10 (up to 25) m. high, or rarely a shrub 3–5 m. tall, entirely glabrous except for the flowers.

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    Bark dark brown to grey, rugged.

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    Leaves petiolate; lamina (4)6–11(15) x 2–4(5·5) cm., elliptic, lanceolate-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, coriaceous or subcoriaceous, the apex obtuse to subacuminate, the base broadly cuneate to rarely rounded, margins coarsely crenate-serrate to subentire with dark glandular dots in the incisions (the most proximal gland on one or both margins of the leaf sometimes conspicuous); petiole 1–2 cm. long, channelled, often reddish; stipules ± linear, 1·5–2·0 cm. long, caducous.

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    Racemes usually solitary, 2–5(8) cm. long, 7–15-flowered, arising from the axils of scales at the base of lateral shoots which may also produce leaves in their upper part; peduncle usually 5–10 mm. long; pedicels (3)5–7(10) mm. long; bracts triangular, small, soon caducous.

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    Evergreen tree, up to 24 m high. Leaves simple, ovate to elliptic, dark green and glossy above, paler below, margin finely toothed, petiole pinkish. Fruit spherical, 10 mm in diameter. Flowers white.

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    Tree to 24 m. Leaves elliptic, toothed. Flowers in axillary racemes, white, fragrant.

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    Evergreen tree, up to 24 m high; unarmed. Leaves simple; blade ovate to elliptic, 50-110 x 25-40 mm, margins finely toothed, dark green and glossy above, paler below; petioles pinkish, 10-20 mm long. Flowers: white; Dec.-Jun. Fruit spherical, ± 10 mm in diameter, cherry-red.

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    Habitat

    Forests, bushveld.

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    Evergreen forests.

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    Mesic Grassland. Forest, bushveld.

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    Distribution

    Bloukrans River Gorge and E Cape to tropical Africa.

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    Synonyms

      Bibliography

    • 1 Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978
    • 2 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Rosaceae: Prunus L. 700 - 700. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Rosaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 719 - 729. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • C All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Rosaceae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).