Prunus spinosa L.
  • Species plantarum, edition 1
  • Draighean

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Prunus spinosa L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 24 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs, rarely trees, 4–8 m tall. Branches reddish brown, robust, glabrous, spiny; branchlets reddish brown, densely pubescent. Winter buds purplish red, pubescent. Stipules lanceolate, margin glandular, apex acuminate. Petiole 5–7 mm, pubescent, without nectaries; leaf blade oblong-obovate, elliptic-ovate, or rarely oblong, 2–4 × 0.8–1.8 cm, abaxially yellowish green and pubescent, adaxially dark green and sparsely appressed pubescent, glabrescent, base subrounded to broadly cuneate, margin crenate or sometimes doubly crenate, apex acute to obtuse; secondary veins 4 or 5(–8) on either side of midvein. Flowers solitary, opening before leaves, 1–1.5 cm in diam. Pedicel 6–8(–15) mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Hypanthium outside glabrous. Sepals triangular-ovate, outside glabrous, margin serrulate, apex acute. Petals white with pale purple veins, oblong, base cuneate, apex obtuse. Stamens 20–25. Ovary glabrous. Stigma capitate. Drupe black, globose, broadly ellipsoid, or conical, 1–1.5 cm in diam., glabrous, glaucous; mesocarp green; endocarp brown, ovoid to ellipsoid, ± flattened, rugose. Fl. Apr, fr. Aug.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, suckering, 10–40 dm, thorny. Twigs with axillary end buds, hairy. Leaves deciduous; petiole 4–7 mm, hairy, eglandular; blade elliptic to obovate, 1.5–4 × 1–2.2 cm, base obtuse to rounded, margins crenulate-serrulate, teeth blunt, often glandular, apex acute to obtuse, abaxial surface hairy (especially along midribs and veins), adaxial glabrate. Inflorescences usually solitary flowers, sometimes 2-flowered fascicles. Pedicels 0.5–5(–8) mm, usually glabrous, rarely hairy. Flowers blooming before leaf emergence; hypanthium cupulate, 1.5–2.5 mm, glabrous externally; sepals spreading, oblong, 1.5–2.5 mm, margins glandular-toothed, surfaces glabrous or adaxially hairy at bases; petals white, elliptic, 4–8 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes bluish black, globose, 10–15 mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy; stones subglobose, ± flattened. 2n = 32.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Bis über 3 m hoher, sparrig-ästiger Strauch mit dunkler Rinde und mit Dornen. Blätter lanzettlich, 2–4 cm lang, spitz gezähnt, beidseits dunkelgrün. Blüten vor den Blättern erscheinend, weiss, einzeln auf kurzen, starren Stielen. Frucht k

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    4. Hecken, Waldränder, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    • Introduced distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil São Paulo

    Nationally Preferred Names


    Other Local Names

    Drean dhuEnglishIE
    Prugnolo, Pruno selvaticoItalianCH
    Blackthorn, sloe
    Epine noireFrenchCH
    Tom draighinIrishIE
    Máthair an áirneIrishIE
    Draighean dubh or donnIrishIE

     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).