Malus pumila Mill.
  • The gardeners dictionary: eighth edition
  • macieira


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Malus pumila Mill. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001013584. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

1. Malus pumila Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Malus no. 3 (1768). Lectotipo (designado por Ghora y Panigrahi, 1995): Herb. Linn. 647.3 (LINN). Ilustr.: Rix y Stearn, Redouté’s Fairest Flowers 285 (1987). N.v.: Apple, B; manzana.

Por F.R. Barrie.

Malus communis Poir., M. domestica Borkh., Pyrus malus L.

Árboles hasta c. 15 m, inermes. Brotes jóvenes verdes, tomentosos, finalmente pardo-rojizos, glabrescentes. Hojas emergiendo durante la antesis o inmediatamente después de esta, 3-7.5 × 3-4.5 cm, ovadas a elípticas u obovadas, cartáceas, el haz opaco a verde brillante, glabrescente o tomentoso a lo largo de la vena media, el envés más pálido, esparcida a densamente tomentoso, la base redondeada a truncada, los márgenes serrados o crenados, el ápice redondeado a agudo o acuminado; pecíolos 2-4 cm, tomentosos. Estípulas caducas, c. 5 mm, lineares. Flores fragantes, pedicelos 1-2.5 cm, tomentosos; hipanto c. 5 mm, cupuliforme, densamente tomentoso; sépalos 3-7 mm, angostamente triangulares, tomentosos, el ápice acuminado; pétalos c. 3 × 2 cm, obovados, blancos o rosados; estambres 5-8 mm; estilos 6-10 mm. Frutos generalmente 5-10 cm o más, oblatos o globosos, rojos, amarillos o verdes, glabros. Cultivada, posiblemente naturalizada localmente. Ch (Ton 2242, CAS); G (Steyermark 35956, F); ES (Rodríguez y Monterrosa DR-01217, MO). (Nativa de Asia; introducida y cultivada.)

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    • ]. 

    Trees to 15 m tall. Branchlets purplish brown when old, terete, robust, short, densely tomentose when young, glabrous when old; buds purplish brown, ovoid, densely puberulous. Stipules caducous, lanceolate, 3–5 mm, herbaceous, densely puberulous, margin entire, apex acuminate; petiole robust, 1.5–3 cm, puberulous; leaf blade elliptic, ovate, or broadly elliptic, 4.5–10 × 3–5.5 cm, both surfaces densely puberulous when young, adaxially glabrescent, base broadly cuneate or rounded, margin obtusely serrate, apex acute. Corymb at apices of branchlets, 4–6 cm in diam., 3–7-flowered; bracts caducous, linear-lanceolate, membranous, tomentose, margin entire, apex acuminate. Pedicel 1–2.5 cm, tomentose. Flowers 3–4 cm in diam. Hypanthium tomentose abaxially. Sepals triangular-lanceolate or triangular-ovate, 6–8 mm, longer than hypanthium, both surfaces tomentose, margin entire, apex acuminate. Petals white, obovate, 1.5–1.8 cm, base shortly clawed, apex rounded. Stamens 20, unequal, ca. 1/2 as long as petals. Ovary 5-loculed, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 5, slightly longer than stamens, gray tomentose basally. Pome red or yellow, depressed-subglobose, ca. 2 cm in diam., impressed at base; fruiting pedicel short and thickened; sepals persistent. Fl. May, fr. Jul–Oct. 2n = 24*, 34*, 51*, 68.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Trees, 20–100(–150) dm. Stems 5–30 cm diam.; bark dark gray or gray-brown, scaly; young branches dark brown or reddish brown, densely tomentose, becoming glabrous; flowering shoots becoming spurs, 40–150 mm. Buds dark red or purple, ovoid, 3–4(–5) mm, scale margins densely puberulous. Leaves convolute in bud; isomorphic; stipules deciduous, lanceolate, 3–5 mm, apex acuminate; petiole 10–35 mm, tomentose to sparsely pubescent; blade elliptic, ovate, or broadly elliptic, (2–)5–10 × (1–)3–6.5 cm, base broadly cuneate or rounded, margins unlobed, obtusely serrate, sometimes serrate-crenate, apex acute, abaxial surface glabrescent, adaxial densely puberulent. Panicles umbel-like; peduncles absent; bracteoles deciduous, filiform, 5–7 mm. Pedicels 10–25 mm, puberulous. Flowers 30–40 mm diam.; hypanthium tomentose; sepals ?reflexed at flowering?, triangular-lanceolate or triangular-ovate, 6–8 mm, equal to or longer than tube, apex acuminate, surfaces tomentose; petals (rose in bud) white, sometimes pink, obovate, 15–25 mm, claws 1 mm, margins entire, apex rounded; stamens 20, 9–10 mm, anthers yellow before dehiscence; styles 5, basally connate less than 1/2 length, 9–10 mm, slightly longer than stamens, basally gray-tomentose; ?stigmas green?. Pomes green, yellow, or red, ?pure, striped, or blushed?, globose or depressed-globose, 20–50(–70) mm diam., ?skin with bloom or wax, sometimes russetted or dotted?, cores enclosed at apex; sepals persistent, erect; sclereids absent. Seeds light brown. 2n = 34 (51, 68).

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    • 3
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    Morphology

    Ähnlich wie M. sylvestris, aber Zweige nicht dornig, Blätter unterseits besonders am Grund auch im Sommer dicht filzig, Blattstiel nur 1/2 bis 1/3 so lang wie die Spreite, Blütenstiel und Kelch dicht filzig, Früchte grösser und je nach Sorte

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    5. Als Obstbaum in vielen Sorten kultiviert und oft verwildert, kollin-montan.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    macieiraPortuguese
    Kultur-ApfelbaumGermanCH
    MailerRaeto-RomanceCH
    Orchard or common or paradise crabapple, pommier commun
    Melo comuneItalianCH
    Pommier cultivéFrenchCH

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Rosaceae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).