Prunus angustifolia Marshall
  • Arbustrum americanum: the american grove
  • Chickasaw plum

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Prunus angustifolia Marshall. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 06 Jun 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or trees, often suckering, 10–50 dm, thorny. Twigs with axillary end buds, glabrous. Leaves deciduous; petiole 2–14 mm, usually sparsely hairy on adaxial surface, rarely glabrous or hairy on both surfaces, usually eglandular, sometimes glandular distally, glands 1–2; blade lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, ?usually folded along midribs, often ± falcate?, 1.5–6 × 0.8–2 cm, base cuneate to obtuse, margins crenulate-serrulate, teeth blunt, glandular, ?glands reddish orange, conic?, apex acute, abaxial surface glabrate with hairs along midribs and major veins, adaxial glabrous. Inflorescences 2–4-flowered, umbellate fascicles. Pedicels 3–10 mm, glabrous. Flowers blooming before, sometimes at, leaf emergence; hypanthium campanulate, 1.5–3 mm, usually glabrous, rarely hairy, externally; sepals erect to spreading, ovate, 1–2 mm, margins entire, ?sparsely ciliate?, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial hairy; petals white, suborbiculate to obovate, 3–6 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes red to yellow, ?lightly glaucous?, globose to ellipsoid, 15–20 mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy; stones ovoid, ± flattened. 2n = 16.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Much-branched, often thorny shrub or small tree to 5 m, forming thickets; lvs scarcely developed at anthesis, at maturity trough-shaped, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, 3–6 cm, acute or short-acuminate, smooth and shining above, very finely serrulate, the teeth 12–20 per cm, bearing a gland near the sinus; pedicels (3–8 mm), hypanthium, and outer side of the sep smooth or nearly so, the inner side of the sep hairy especially near the base; pet 4–6 mm; fr subglobose, red, not glaucous, 1–1.5 cm thick; stone turgid. Usually in sandy or sterile soil, open woods, thickets, and fence-rows; chiefly from Va. to Fla., w. to Kans. and Tex., but also irregularly to s. N.J., s. O., Ind., Ill., and Neb. Apr."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    Chickasaw plum


     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Global Tree Assessment
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • D Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).