Rosa chinensis Jacq.
  • Observ. Bot. 3: 7 (1768)
  • roseira


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Rosa chinensis Jacq. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001014372. Accessed on: 05 Feb 2023'

General Information

1. Rosa chinensis Jacq., Observ. Bot. 3: 7 (1768). Tipo: no conocido. Ilustr.: Wu et al., Fl. China Ill. 9: t. 148, f. 4-7 (2004).

Por F.R. Barrie.

Rosa montezumae Bertol.

Arbustos hasta c. 2 m; ramitas verdes a púrpura-pardas, esparcidamente puberulentas o glabrescentes; aguijones 5-7 mm, esparcidos a abundantes, recurvados, aplanados. Hojas ternadas o pinnadas; folíolos 3-7; folíolo terminal 3-5 × 2-3.5 cm, elíptico, verde, puberulento o glabrescente, la base cuneada o redondeada, los márgenes serrados, el ápice acuminado; folíolos laterales similares pero más pequeños, 2.5-4 × 1.5-3 cm; pecíolo 2-5 cm; inermes o con aguijones esparcidos, 2-3 mm, estípulas adnatas al pecíolo, los márgenes glandular-ciliados, el ápice auriculado. Inflorescencias terminales, con 4 o 5 flores o rara vez las flores solitarias. Flores 5-9 cm de diámetro, blancas, amarillas, rosadas, rojas o color púrpura, débilmente fragantes o no fragantes; hipanto ovoide o piriforme, verde, glabro; sépalos 2-9 cm, lanceolados, tomentosos adaxialmente, el ápice atenuado; pétalos numerosos, 2-4 × 1.5-4 cm, obovados; estambres pocos a numerosos, algunos o todos remplazados por pétalos; estilos libres, casi 1/2 de la longitud de los estambres. Frutos 1-2 cm de diámetro, piriformes u ovoides, rojos, glabros. Cultivada, naturalizada. B (Balick et al. 2333, MO); G (Véliz 94.3777, MO); H (Molina R. 34136, MO); N (Hernández 30, MO). 0-1400 m. (China; ampliamente cultivada en el resto del mundo.)

Generalmente plantada como ornamental. Standley y Steyermark (1946: 471) registraron Rosa chinensis naturalizada en Guatemala, particularmente en vertientes hacia el océano Pacífico.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrubs erect, 1–2 m tall. Branchlets purple-brown, terete, robust, subglabrous; prickles abundant to absent, curved, stout, flat. Leaves including petiole 5–11 cm; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts auriculate, margin entire, often glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole sparsely prickly and glandular-pubescent; leaflets 3–5, rarely 7, greenish abaxially, dark green adaxially, broadly ovate or ovate-oblong, 2.5–6 × 1–3 cm, both surfaces subglabrous, adaxially often shiny, base subrounded or broadly cuneate, margin acutely serrate, apex long acuminate or acuminate. Flowers 4 or 5 and fasciculate, rarely solitary, slightly fragrant or not, 4–5 cm in diam.; pedicel 2.5–6 cm, subglabrous or glandular-pubescent; bracts 1–3, linear, glabrous, margin glandular or entire, apex acute. Hypanthium ovoid-globose or pyriform, glabrous. Sepals 5, deciduous, ovate, sometimes leaflike, abaxially glabrous, adaxially densely villous, margin entire or few pinnately lobed, rarely entire, apex caudate. Petals 5, semi-double or double, red, pink, white, or purple, obovate, base cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, exserted, nearly equaling stamens, pubescent. Hip red, ovoid or pyriform, 1–2 cm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Apr–Sep, fr. Jun–Nov. 2n = 21*, 28*.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Rosa chinensis Jacq., Observ. Bot. 3: 7. 1768; R. montezumae Bertol.

    Arbustos erectos perennifolios, comúnmente espinosos. Hojas con 3–7 folíolos ovado-acuminados, serrulados, glabros y lustrosos. Flores en corimbos o solitarias, pedicelos glabros o ligeramente glandulosos; pétalos ca 2 cm de largo, blancos, rosados o rojos. Fruto 1.5–2 cm de largo, café.

    Cultivada como ornamental; fl y fr probablemente durante todo el año; Cardenal 8, Guzmán 33; nativa de China, ampliamente cultivada.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Erect shrub. Prickles curved or almost absent. Leaves evergreen, leaflets 3-5(-7), deep green and ± shining above, paler beneath, normally glabrous. Stipules very narrow, with lanceolate, erect or slightly divergent auricles. Flowers solitary or several in short panicles, usually double, white to red on long smooth or glandular-stalked pedicels, sepals entire, with long filiform apex, ascending or patent after flowering, deciduous. Styles long, free, (?)glabrous, distinctly protruding through the narrow orifice. Fruit ovoid to pyriform, smooth.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Shrub with ± hooked prickles or nearly unarmed. Leaflets (3–)5(–7) ovate-oblong, acuminate, serrate, glabrous. Stipules adnate to the petiole, narrow, glandular-ciliate. Flowers corymbose, rarely solitary, single or double, 5 cm across. Pedicel 5–10 cm long, ± glandular. Calyx lobes narrowly triangular, ± leafy and serrate at the apex and ± divided near the base Petals pink or red, not or slightly fragrant. Styles free, exserted. Fruit pear-shaped, 15–20 mm long.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    China. Cultivated in India, Indochina, and various other regions. Originally described from cultivated specimens.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand
    • Southern America Brazil Parí
    • Tocantins
    • Bahia
    • Maranh
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    roseiraPortuguese

     Information From

    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    https://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    The Brazilian Flora Group (2018): Brazilian Flora 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201869402 Dataset/Checklist: https://ckan.jbrj.gov.br/dataset/thebrazilfloragroup_feb2018
    • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001–. Flora de Nicaragua, Tropicos Project. Loaded from Tropicos Project: October 2017
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of Thailand
    https://www.dnp.go.th/botany/eflora/aboutus.html
    Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • D All Rights Reserved
    • E Forest Herbarium All rights reserved
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Rosaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Rosaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).