Pyrus communis L.
  • Species plantarum, edition 1
  • Kultur-Birnbaum


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Pyrus communis L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001015799. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

1. Pyrus communis L., Sp. Pl. 479 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Franco y Rocha, 1965): Herb. Linn. 647.1 (LINN!). Ilustr.: Rix y Stearn, Redouté’s Fairest Flowers 287 (1987). N.v.: Pear, B; pera.

Por F.R. Barrie.

Árboles pequeños a medianos; ramas inermes o con aguijones; ramitas glabras o esparcidamente pelosas. Hojas 2-8 × 2-5 cm, ovadas a ampliamente ovadas o elípticas; cartáceas o subcoriáceas; superficies pelosas o tomentosas cuando jóvenes, finalmente glabrescentes, la base redondeada o truncada, los márgenes crenado-serrulados, el ápice agudo a acuminado; pecíolos 1.5-5 cm, tomentosos o glabrescentes; estípulas caducas, 5-10 mm, lineares, pelosas. Flores 5-15; pedicelos 1.5-4 cm, glabros a esparcidamente puberulentos; hipanto 2-4 mm, glabro a esparcidamente tomentoso por fuera, densamente tomentoso por dentro; sépalos triangulares 2-4 mm, la superficie interna tomentosa; pétalos 10-15 mm, obovados, blancos; estambres 20-30. Pomos 5-12 × 3-9 cm, el cáliz persistente. Cultivada. Ch (Breedlove y McClintock 34014, MO); H (Molina R. 8825, F). 1500-3000 m. (Europa, Asia; cultivada en el resto del mundo.)

La pera comúnse cultiva por su fruto y como un árbol ornamental en las aceras de las regiones montanas de Chiapas y el oeste de Guatemala (registrada por Standley y Steyermark [1946: 470] pero no se ha visto ningún ejemplar guatemalteco). No es claro si está naturalizada en Mesoamérica.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Plants 50–150(–300) dm. Branches grayish brown or dark reddish brown, glabrous; short shoots of young plants often thorn-tipped. Leaves: petiole 1.5–5 cm, slightly pubescent when young; blade ovate or suborbiculate to elliptic, 2–5(–7) × 1.5–2.5 cm, base broadly cuneate to almost rounded, margins obtusely serrate, serrulate, or crenulate, sometimes entire, ?densely ciliate when young?, apex acute or shortly acuminate, surfaces pubescent when young, glabrescent. Pedicels 2–3.5 cm, pubescent or glabrate. Flowers 25–35 mm diam.; sepals triangular-lanceolate, 5–9 × 3–4 mm, apex acuminate; petals white, obovate, (12–)13–15 × 10–13 mm; ovaries 5-locular; styles (3–)5. Pomes green, yellowish, or reddish green, globose, subglobose, ovoid, or pyriform, 30–160 × 15–120 mm; sepals persistent. 2n = 34.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Pyramidal tree to 15 m; lvs elliptic to subrotund, finely and rather bluntly serrulate, involute in bud, glabrous at maturity; fls white, 2.5–3 cm wide; hypanthium nearly closed by a ring of tissue at the summit, surrounding the free styles; anthers red; cal persistent; fr pyriform to obovoid, 6–15 cm, containing stone-cells; 2n=34. Eurasian cultigen, occasionally escaped."

  • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Dornenlos, mit grossen, essbaren Früchten. In vielen Sorten kultiviert. Von P. pyraster nicht scharf abtrennbar.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Shrub or tree, up to 20 m high; deciduous. Stems often with lower branches spiny. Leaves simple, petiolate; blade broadly elliptic, up to 90 mm long; apex acute, base rounded, margins serrate, glossy. Flowers: in umbel-like racemes or corymbs; calyx with tube turbinate or globose, accrescent; petals 5, broadly oblong or obovate, white; Sep., Oct. Fruit a pome, ± turbinate, up to ± 10 mm long, mesocarp fleshy-juicy with grit cells; seeds black or brownish black.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Mesic Grassland. Roadsides, moist places.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to Europe and western Asia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • São Paulo

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Kultur-BirnbaumGermanCH
    Common pear
    Poirier cultivéFrenchCH
    PereiraPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Rosaceae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).